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Maryan Coptic

Alternate forms


  • (Central) IPA: /faɪ/, [fäɪ̯]
  • (Cholevic) IPA: [fɐi̯]


ϥⲁⲓ (fai) irt. (construct ϥⲓ, pronominal ϥⲓⲧ-, qualitative ϥⲓⲧ) (conjunct particle ϥⲁⲓ-)

  1. (transitive) to bear, to carry, to afford
    ϯⲉϣϥⲓ ⲁⲛ ⲫⲁⲓ.
    Tiešfi an pʰai.
    I can't afford this.
  2. (+ ⲉϫⲉⲛ) to carry for
  3. (+ ⲛⲉⲙ) to agree with
  4. (+ ϧⲁ) to tolerate


Conjugation of ϥⲁⲓ 
infinitive ⲉ̀ϥⲁⲓ negative infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ
imperative ϥⲁⲓ negative imperative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲣϥⲁⲓ
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
masculine feminine masculine feminine
Durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
present simple present ϯϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲥⲉϥⲁⲓ
circumstantial ⲉⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲩϥⲁⲓ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲩϥⲁⲓ
relative ⲉϯϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲩϥⲁⲓ
future simple future ϯⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲭⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉϥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲥⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲭⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲕⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲩⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
conditional ⲉⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
relative ⲉϯⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲭⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲩⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
Non-durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
past affirmative ⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲩϥⲁⲓ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲩϥⲁⲓ
affirmative preterite ⲛⲉⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲩⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ
negative preterite ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲩϥⲁⲓ
relative ⲉⲧⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϥⲁⲓ
aorist affirmative ϣⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲩϥⲁⲓ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲩϥⲁⲓ
optative affirmative ⲉⲓⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲕⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉϥⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲥⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲩⲉϥⲁⲓ
negative ⲉⲛⲛⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲩϥⲁⲓ
jussive ⲙⲁⲣⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲩϥⲁⲓ
affirmative causative ⲑⲣⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲑⲣⲩϥⲁⲓ
negative causative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲓϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲩϥⲁⲓ
Subordinate clause
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
conditional affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲕϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁϥϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲥϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲛϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲩϣⲁⲛϥⲁⲓ
negative ⲁⲓϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁϥϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲁⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ
conjunctive affirmative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϥⲁⲓ
negative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϥⲁⲓ
limitative ϣⲁϯϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲩϥⲁⲓ
expectative ⲉⲙⲡⲁϯϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲥϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϥⲁⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲩϥⲁⲓ