Contionary:ⲕⲁⲗⲱ

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Maryan Coptic

Etymology

Borrowed from Greek καλώ (kalṓ).

Pronunciation

  • (Standard) IPA: /kaˈlo/, [käˈlo]
  • (Nahlic) IPA: [kæ̈ˈlɑ]

Verb

ⲕⲁⲗⲱ (kalō)

  1. to call (by telephone)
    ⲙⲏ ⲛⲁⲕϭⲱⲛⲧ ⲉ̀ⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϯϣⲟⲧⲣⲉ?
    Mē nakcʰōnt èkalō tišotre?
    Have you tried calling the police?

Conjugation

Conjugation of ⲕⲁⲗⲱ 
infinitive ⲉ̀ⲕⲁⲗⲱ negative infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ
imperative ⲕⲁⲗⲱ negative imperative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲣⲕⲁⲗⲱ
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
masculine feminine masculine feminine
Durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
present simple present ϯⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲥⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
relative ⲉϯⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
future simple future ϯⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲭⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉϥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲥⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲭⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲕⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲩⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁϥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
conditional ⲉⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁϥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
relative ⲉϯⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲭⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲩⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
Non-durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
past affirmative ⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
affirmative preterite ⲛⲉⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲁⲩⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative preterite ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
relative ⲉⲧⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲧⲁⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
aorist affirmative ϣⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
optative affirmative ⲉⲓⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲕⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉϥⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲥⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲩⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative ⲉⲛⲛⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲛⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
jussive,
causative
jussive ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲙⲁⲣⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
affirmative causative ⲑⲣⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲑⲣⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative causative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲓⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
Subordinate clause
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
conditional affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲕϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁϥϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲥϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲛϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲩϣⲁⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative ⲁⲓϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲕϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁϥϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲥϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲁⲩϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ
conjunctive affirmative ⲉⲛⲧⲁⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
negative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲧⲉⲙⲕⲁⲗⲱ
limitative,
expectative
limitative ϣⲁϯⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ϣⲁⲧⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ
expectative ⲉⲙⲡⲁϯⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲥⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲕⲁⲗⲱ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲩⲕⲁⲗⲱ

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