Katafalsen (pronunciation: [ˈkɑtɑfɑlsɛn]) is an apriori language, which is partially inspired by Basque, Hebrew and Latin. The aim was to construct a language with simple phonology along with unorthodox grammar and syntax. Katafalsen is highly synthetic and features a free word order and ergative-absolutive alignment.
The consonant phonemes of Modern Katafalsen are as follows:
The vowel inventory of Katafalsen is quite symmetrical as there are each three front, back, rounded and unrounded vowels.
The only vowel that distinguishes length is /ɑ/ contrasting phonemically with /ɑː/. The long vowel is represented by 〈ä〉. The sequences /ɑj/ and /ɑw/ are realised as diphthongs, while adjacent vowels are usually pronounced in hiatus.
The Latin alphabet used for Katafalsen therefore contains the following letters. Uppercase letters are used for the first letter of a sentence and proper nouns.
The syllable structure in Katafalsen is (K)V(K), where K denotes a consonant and V a vowel.