Difference between revisions of "Proto-Rathmosian"

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(Phonology and Orthography)
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==Vowels==
 
==Vowels==
There are five basic vowels and no true diphthongs:
 
 
 
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<div style="font-size: smaller; line-height: 1.25em; margin-bottom: 0.33em"></div>
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Vowel length is non-phonemic and all vowels are usually short. However, certain morphological conditions cause lengthening of the primary vowels ''a, e, u, i'' (but not ''ə''). These are then written ''aa, ee, uu, ii''.
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The semi-vowels ''i̯'' /j/ and ''u̯'' /w/ may occur after any vowel, effectively creating diphthongs, though for the purposes of syllable structure these are analysed as combinations of vowel + consonant: /aj, ej, uj, ij, əj, aw, ew, uw, iw, əw/. The combinations /ij/ and /uw/ may be analysed as [iː] and [uː]. The primary vowels may still be lengthened in these combinations, e.g. ''aai̯'' /aːj/, ''eeu̯'' /eːw/. /iːj/ and /uːw/ are therefore equivalent of [iːː], [uːː].
  
 
==Orthography==
 
==Orthography==
Proto-Rathmosian is written with the Roman alphabet using the following letters:
+
Proto-Rathmosian is written with the Roman alphabet using the following graphs.
 +
 
 +
:: ''a b d e f g h i k l m n p r s t u ə''
  
:: ''a b d e f g h i  k l m n p r s t u ə''
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The breve is used below ''i̯'' and ''u̯'' to signal the semivowels /j/ and /w/. Long vowels are doubled.
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 +
The following table shows the sound to spelling correspondences:
  
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
 
! style="width: 68px; "| graph
 
! style="width: 68px; "| graph
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''a'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''a'''''
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| style="width: 20px; "| '''''aa'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''b'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''b'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''d'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''d'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''e'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''e'''''
 +
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''ee'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''f'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''f'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''g'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''g'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''h'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''h'''''
 
|style="width: 20px; "|  '''''i'''''
 
|style="width: 20px; "|  '''''i'''''
 +
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''ii'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''i̯'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''i̯'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''k'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''k'''''
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| style="width: 20px; "| '''''t'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''t'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''u'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''u'''''
 +
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''uu'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''u̯'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''u̯'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''ə'''''
 
| style="width: 20px; "| '''''ə'''''
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! IPA
 
! IPA
 
| a
 
| a
 +
| aː
 
| b
 
| b
 
| d
 
| d
 
| e
 
| e
 +
| eː
 
| ɸ
 
| ɸ
 
| g
 
| g
 
| x
 
| x
 
| i
 
| i
 +
| iː
 
| j
 
| j
 
| k
 
| k
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| t
 
| t
 
| u
 
| u
 +
| uː
 
| w
 
| w
 
| ə
 
| ə
 
|}
 
|}
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 +
==Phonotactics==
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Words are constructed from a root plus various derivation or morphological affixes. Roots must be minimal CVC (e.g. ''ret-'' 'go, move') and may be CCVC (''glis-'' 'live, stay'), CVCC (''tii̯k-'' 'touch, feel'), CCVCC (''psau̯m'' 'breathe'). Affixes may be V, VC, VCV, C, CV, CVC.
  
 
=Morphology=
 
=Morphology=
 
=Syntax=
 
=Syntax=
 
=Vocabulary=
 
=Vocabulary=

Revision as of 19:16, 23 July 2017

Background

Phonology and Orthography

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ɸ s x
Trill r
Approximant w j
Lateral app. l

Vowels

  Front Near- front Central Near- back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i
u
e
ə
a
  Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

Vowel length is non-phonemic and all vowels are usually short. However, certain morphological conditions cause lengthening of the primary vowels a, e, u, i (but not ə). These are then written aa, ee, uu, ii.

The semi-vowels /j/ and /w/ may occur after any vowel, effectively creating diphthongs, though for the purposes of syllable structure these are analysed as combinations of vowel + consonant: /aj, ej, uj, ij, əj, aw, ew, uw, iw, əw/. The combinations /ij/ and /uw/ may be analysed as [iː] and [uː]. The primary vowels may still be lengthened in these combinations, e.g. aai̯ /aːj/, eeu̯ /eːw/. /iːj/ and /uːw/ are therefore equivalent of [iːː], [uːː].

Orthography

Proto-Rathmosian is written with the Roman alphabet using the following graphs.

a b d e f g h i k l m n p r s t u ə

The breve is used below and to signal the semivowels /j/ and /w/. Long vowels are doubled.

The following table shows the sound to spelling correspondences:

graph a aa b d e ee f g h i ii k l m n p r s t u uu ə
IPA a b d e ɸ g x i j k l m n p r s t u w ə

Phonotactics

Words are constructed from a root plus various derivation or morphological affixes. Roots must be minimal CVC (e.g. ret- 'go, move') and may be CCVC (glis- 'live, stay'), CVCC (tii̯k- 'touch, feel'), CCVCC (psau̯m 'breathe'). Affixes may be V, VC, VCV, C, CV, CVC.

Morphology

Syntax

Vocabulary