Difference between revisions of "Verse:AETHER/A-Arabic"

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search
m
(Tags: Mobile edit, Mobile web edit)
m (Nouns)
(7 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
*Def. article is al- like in our Arabic
 
*Def. article is al- like in our Arabic
*Unconditional shifts: PSem p s z ts' tθ' ł tł' > ff ts s z tš š tš
+
*Unconditional shifts: PSem p s z ts' tθ' ł tł' > ff ts s z tŝ ŝ tŝ
 
**θ δ gh > t d g?
 
**θ δ gh > t d g?
 
*initial or geminated l r > ll rh
 
*initial or geminated l r > ll rh
Line 10: Line 10:
 
**t > d, d > dd
 
**t > d, d > dd
 
**c > g, g > 0
 
**c > g, g > 0
**ts > z, > ž
+
**ts > z, >
 
**ll > l, rh > r
 
**ll > l, rh > r
  
==Literary A-Arabic==
+
==Phonology==
==Colloquial A-Arabic==
+
==Morphology==
 +
===Pronouns===
 +
===Nouns===
 +
The definite article ''al'' is invariable, as in Old Hijazi Arabic.
 +
 
 +
*''chaff'' = coffee
 +
*''al chaff'' = the coffee
 +
 
 +
===Adjectives===
 +
===Verbs and auxiliaries===
 +
A-Arabic lost productive triconsonantal morphology and thus inflected verbs. The combination of auxiliaries and prepositions are used to mark tense, as in Colloquial Welsh.
 +
 
 +
===Prepositions===
 +
===Conjunctions===
 +
===Preverbs===

Revision as of 05:04, 13 February 2020

A-Arabic (called Arabic in-universe) is a Semitic language inspired by Welsh. A-Arabic has a lexicon similar to Arabic and is the source of "Arabic" loans in English, but it uses Welsh-inspired mutations and syntax.

  • Def. article is al- like in our Arabic
  • Unconditional shifts: PSem p s z ts' tθ' ł tł' > ff ts s z tŝ ŝ tŝ
    • θ δ gh > t d g?
  • initial or geminated l r > ll rh
  • Emphatics and geminates spirantize: t'/tt, k'/kk > th ch
  • soft mutation:
    • m, b > v
    • t > d, d > dd
    • c > g, g > 0
    • ts > z, tŝ > ẑ
    • ll > l, rh > r

Phonology

Morphology

Pronouns

Nouns

The definite article al is invariable, as in Old Hijazi Arabic.

  • chaff = coffee
  • al chaff = the coffee

Adjectives

Verbs and auxiliaries

A-Arabic lost productive triconsonantal morphology and thus inflected verbs. The combination of auxiliaries and prepositions are used to mark tense, as in Colloquial Welsh.

Prepositions

Conjunctions

Preverbs