Dodello-Shalic languages

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Dodello-Shalic
Setting Tricin
Geographic
distribution:
southern Etalocin, eastern Txapoalli, Talma
Linguistic classification: One of Tricin's primary language families
Proto-language: Proto-Dodellic
Subdivisions:

The Dodello-Shalic (Shalian) languages are a language family spoken in Dodellia, Eastern Txapoalli, and Talma. The most spoken Dodello-Shalic languages are, fittingly, Dodellian and Shalian.

Phylogeny

Phonology

Consonants

29 consonants (same number as PSem)

  • Stops: p b p' t d t' ḱ ǵ ḱ' k g k' kʷ gʷ kʷ'
  • Resonants: m n l r y w ʕ
  • Fricatives: þ s ś h3 h2 h1

Vowels

  • Short vowels: i e a â o u ə /i e æ ɑ o u/
  • Long vowels: ii ee oo uu /i: e: o: u:/
  • Diphthongs: ei eu oi ou /ei eu oi ou/

Tone

Proto-Dodellic had a pitch accent system, where at most one syllable in a word could have one of the following tones:

  • high level: á
  • falling tone: à
  • creaky tone:

Morphology

Nouns

Proto-Dodellic was tripartite and had 8 cases: absolutive, accusative, ergative, genitive, lative, ablative, locative, and vocative.

  • absolutive: -0
  • accusative: -ot
  • ergative: -oo
  • genitive: -ar
  • locative: -elh3
  • lative: -ỉh1
  • ablative: -eś
  • vocative: -áh1

Nouns also had possessive suffixes.

Verbs

  • Tenses: present, past, future
  • Nouns also had passive, causative and antipassive voices.

Etyma

  • ấns 'precious'
    • Shalian 'aans 'dear'; 'áanwhaiam 'to cherish'
  • -kʷei 'verbalizer'
  • manay 'water, river'
    • Shalian Manayunk 'god of rivers'
  • onkʷ' = "big"
    • Shalian -unk honorific
  • ʕat'- = 'to see'
  • -íir = causative
  • yát = same
  • sẩk = breast
    • yát-sẩk "same breast" > yasái'kh 'brother'

Diachronics

i e a â o u ə /i e æ ɑ o u/ > Old Shal. i i a ā u u 0 ii ee oo uu /i: e: o: u:/ > ī ī ū ū ei eu oi ou /ei eu oi ou ai au/ > ai ow ai ow

dunno