Pategic languages

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Pategic
Setting Tricin
Geographic
distribution:
southern Etalocin, eastern Txapoalli, Talma
Linguistic classification: One of Tricin's primary language families
Proto-language: Proto-Pategic
Subdivisions:

The Pategic languages are a language family spoken in Dodellia, Eastern Txapoalli, and Talma. The most spoken Pategic languages are Dodellian and Pategian.

Some relate Pategic to Lakovic.

Phylogeny

Phonology

Consonants

29 consonants (same number as PSem)

  • Stops: p b p' t d t' ḱ ǵ ḱ' k g k' kʷ gʷ kʷ'
  • Resonants: m n l r y w ʕ
  • Fricatives: þ s ś h₁ h₂ h₃ /ç χ xʷ/

Vowels

  • Short vowels: i e o u ə /i æ ɑ u ə/
  • Long vowels: ii ee oo uu /i: e: o: u:/
  • Diphthongs: ei eu oi ou /ei eu oi ou/

Tone

Proto-Dodellic had a pitch accent system, where at most one syllable in a word could have one of the following tones:

  • high level: á
  • falling tone: à
  • creaky tone:

Morphology

Nouns

Proto-Dodellic was tripartite and had 8 cases: absolutive, accusative, ergative, genitive, lative, ablative, locative, and vocative.

  • absolutive: -0
  • accusative: -ot
  • ergative: -oo
  • genitive: -ar
  • locative: -elh3
  • lative: -ỉh1
  • ablative: -eś
  • vocative: -áh1

Nouns also had possessive suffixes.

Verbs

  • Tenses: present, past, future
  • Nouns also had passive, causative and antipassive voices.

Etyma

  • ấns 'precious'
    • Shalian 'aans 'dear'; 'áanwhaiam 'to cherish'
  • -kʷei 'verbalizer'
  • manay 'water, river'
    • Shalian Manayunk 'god of rivers'
  • onkʷ' = "big"
    • Shalian -unk honorific
  • ʕat'- = 'to see'
  • -íir = causative
  • yát = same
  • sẩk = breast
    • yát-sẩk "same breast" > yasái'kh 'brother'
  • rii = '1sg'
  • sii = '2sg'

Diachronics

i e a â o u ə /i e æ ɑ o u/ > Old Shal. i i a ā u u 0 ii ee oo uu /i: e: o: u:/ > ī ī ū ū ei eu oi ou /ei eu oi ou ai au/ > ai ow ai ow

dunno