Talmic/Swadesh list

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a comparative Swadesh list for Proto-Talmic and the (non-Tigolic) Talmic languages. For the Tigolic languages, see Tigol/Swadesh list.

1-19

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
1 I na nia
2 thou vēr
3 he; she; it
4 we
5 you
6 they
7 this
8 that
9 here
10 there
11 who
12 what tās
13 where
14 when
15 how
16 not nīh
17 all
18 many
19 some

20-39

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
20 few
21 other
22 one
23 two
24 three
25 four
26 five
27 big
28 long
29 wide
30 thick
31 heavy
32 small
33 short
34 narrow
35 thin
36 woman cabnants kammąs kavër bleit
37 man
(male)
38 person
39 child
(a youth)
tectas tettah tëzh ṯeit

40-59

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
40 wife
41 husband
42 mother
43 father
44 animal
45 fish
46 bird
47 dog
48 louse
49 snake
50 worm
51 tree
52 forest
53 stick
(of wood)
54 fruit
55 seed
56 leaf
57 root
58 bark
(of tree)
59 flower

60-79

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
60 grass
61 rope
62 skin
(of a person)
63 meat
(as in flesh)
64 blood
65 bone
66 fat
(noun)
67 egg
68 horn
69 tail
70 feather
(rather not down)
71 hair
72 head
73 ear
74 eye
75 nose
76 mouth
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
78 tongue
79 fingernail

80-99

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
80 foot
81 leg
82 knee
83 hand
84 wing
85 belly
86 guts
87 neck
88 back
89 breast
90 heart
91 liver
92 to drink
93 to eat
94 to bite
95 to suck
96 to spit
97 to vomit
98 to blow
(as wind)
99 to breathe

100-119

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
100 to laugh
101 to see
102 to hear
103 to know
(a fact)
104 to think
105 to smell
(sense odor)
106 to fear
107 to sleep
108 to live
109 to die
110 to kill
111 to fight
112 to hunt
(transitive)
113 to hit
114 to cut
115 to split
116 to stab
(or stick)
117 to scratch
(an itch)
118 to dig
119 to swim

120-139

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
120 to fly
121 to walk
122 to come
123 to lie
(as on one's side)
124 to sit
125 to stand
126 to turn
(change direction)
127 to fall
(as in drop)
128 to give
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
130 to squeeze
131 to rub
132 to wash
133 to wipe
134 to pull
135 to push
136 to throw
137 to tie
138 to sew
139 to count

140-159

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
140 to say
141 to sing
142 to play
143 to float
144 to flow
145 to freeze
146 to swell
147 sun
148 moon
149 star
150 water
151 to rain
152 river
153 lake
154 sea
(as in ocean)
155 salt
156 stone
157 sand
158 dust
159 earth
(as in soil)

160-179

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
160 cloud
161 fog
162 sky
163 wind
(as in breeze)
164 snow
165 ice
166 smoke
167 fire
168 ashes
169 to burn
(intransitive)
170 road
171 mountain
172 red
173 green
174 yellow
175 white
176 black
177 night
178 day
(daytime)
179 year

180-199

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
180 warm
(as in weather)
181 cold
(as in weather)
182 full
183 new
184 old
185 good
186 bad
187 rotten
(as, a log)
188 dirty
189 straight
190 round
191 sharp
(as a knife)
192 dull
(as a knife)
193 smooth
194 wet
195 dry
(adjective)
196 right
(correct)
197 near
198 far
199 right
(side)

200-207

English PTal Thensarian Nurian Qazhrian Tsjoen Mategian Roshterian
200 left
(side)
201 at
202 in
203 with
(accompanying)
204 and
205 if
206 because
207 name

Sandbox

No. English Proto-Talmic
1 I
2 you (singular) wēr
3 he ham
4 we
5 you (plural)
6 they
7 this ,
8 that kwē
9 here
10 there
11 who tou
12 what taqʷs
13 where
14 when
15 how
16 not miso (indicative), δā /daː/ (imperative)
17 all bās-
18 many aur-
19 some cuíth, cuíthe
20 few qāθa-
21 other unsom
22 one kʷēməm
23 two tiθōr
24 three nasge
25 four δaube
26 five soliθe
27 big aφardam
28 long fosni-?
29 wide θənkojom
30 thick boktom
31 heavy garməm
32 small cell, ceill /tʃɛʟ/
33 short dois, doise /dœs/
34 narrow snaŋ, snaiŋ /snaŋ/
35 thin floir, floire /fʟœl/
36 woman kabnənts /kawnə/ (f)
37 man (adult male) soss-
38 man (human being) kwarəm
39 child tektə
40 wife kabnənts
41 husband sostəm
42 mother ēmmas
43 father annōr
44 animal cúth, cúthar (f)
45 fish bún, búin /bʉːn, byːn/ (m)
46 bird duír, duírte (m)
47 dog saub-
48 louse clae, claea (m)
49 snake sóm, sóma (m)
50 worm luabhadh, luabhta (m)
51 tree mārom
52 forest feog, feogar (f) /foːg, foːgəl/
53 stick aeras, aersa (m)
54 fruit skorajos (m)
55 seed φlatnəm (m)
56 leaf tamē
57 root fonas, fonsa /fɔnəs, fɔnsə/ (m)
58 bark (of a tree) sukt- (m)
59 flower kwatərs
60 grass cnó, cnóa (m)
61 rope léd, léda (m)
62 skin saŋŋ (f)
63 meat ŋobhtha, ŋobhthar /ŋɔfθə/ (f)
64 blood ʁeibō (f)
65 bone smodh, smodhar (f)
66 fat (noun) úgha, úghaí (m)
67 egg
68 horn tonθās (f)
69 tail wlok- (m)
70 feather snárra, snárrar (f)
71 hair frenn, freinn (m)
72 head wīrom; bastəm
73 ear φantā (f)
74 eye weikws (f)
75 nose beon, beonta (m)
76 mouth cú, cúa (m)
77 tooth traqis /tɾɛŋ/ (f)
78 tongue (organ) sár, sáir (m)
79 fingernail cábh, cáibh (m)
80 foot mogh, moghar (f)
81 leg dinen, dinner (f)
82 knee stégal, stéglar (f)
83 hand tīmē
84 wing sterr, sterrar (f)
85 belly deŋ, deŋar (f)
86 guts túibher (f)
87 neck riφtos (n)
88 back blíon, blíona (m)
89 breast doc, docar (f)
90 heart gún, gúnta (m)
91 liver suirte, suirter (f)
92 to drink gnúi, gnúigh, gnúiín, gnúithe, gnúi
93 to eat desc, cáigh, déicín, déctha, descach
94 to bite asúgh, asúgh, asúghín, asúghta, asú
95 to suck sát, sátaigh, sítín, sátatha, sátach
96 to spit scíobh, scíobhaigh, scíobhín, scíobhta, scíobhach
97 to vomit líobh, líobhaigh, líobhín, líobhta, líobhach
98 to blow sráil, sráiligh, sráilín, sráilte, sráilech
99 to breathe níomh, níomhaigh, níomhín, níomhta, níomhach
100 to laugh ŋasar, ŋasraigh, ŋasrín, ŋasarta, ŋasrach
101 to see tóil, tóimigh, ésrín, tóimte, dácha
102 to hear sobhal, sobhlaigh, sobhlín, sobhalta, soibhel
103 to know laidh cáid ú le X
104 to think docan, docnaigh, docnín, docnata, docan
105 to smell toŋŋ, toŋŋaigh, tiŋŋín, toŋŋta, taŋŋ
106 to fear laidh gobhas ar X
107 to sleep éint, éintigh, éintín, éintete, éintech /iːnt, iːntəx/
108 to live arm, armaigh, armín, armta, arm
109 to die asaŋ, asŋaigh, asŋín, asŋata, asaiŋŋt
110 to kill fuithen, fuithnigh
111 to fight nes, nesaigh, nesín, nesta, nesach
112 to hunt nacht, nachtaigh, nachtín, nachtata, nachtach
113 to hit soŋŋ, sógaigh, sóigín, sógtaigh, saŋŋ
114 to cut tremh, tremhaigh, treimhín, tremhta, tremhach
115 to split crós, crósigh, crisín, crosta, crasta
116 to stab baisil, baisligh, baislín, baiselte, baislech
117 to scratch srioch, srioch, sriochaín, sriochta, sriochach
118 to dig dolabh, dolabhaigh, dolabhín, dolabhta, dolabhach
119 to swim derraiŋ, derraiŋigh, derraiŋín, derraiŋte, derraiŋŋt
120 to fly eádh, eádhaigh, eádhín, eádhata, eádh
121 to walk crígh, crígh, críghín, críghte, crígh
122 to come déir, sordaigh, déirín, sordata, sord
123 to lie (as in a bed) aird, airdigh, airdín, airdete, aird (to be lying)
124 to sit dolas, dolasaigh, doilesín, dolasta, dolas
125 to stand dothach, dothaigh, dothín, dothata, dothach
126 to turn (intransitive) fulda, fálaigh, fulmáín, fáltaigh, fálach
127 to fall rolath, rolathaigh, rolathín, rolastaigh, rolas
128 to give scobh, arfaigh, áibín, scobhta, ascabh
129 to hold dóm, dómaigh, dómín, dómta, dóm
130 to squeeze nioc, niocaigh, nicín, nioctha, nioc
131 to rub róich, róichigh, róichín, róichte, róichech
132 to wash blae, blae, blaeín, blaetha, blae
133 to wipe clodh, clodhaigh, clidhín, clóta, cladh
134 to pull uiper, uiprigh, uiprín, uiperte, uiprech
135 to push srao, srao, sraoín, sraotha, srao
136 to throw scún, scúnaigh, scúinín, scúnta, scún
137 to tie madhan, madhnaigh, madhnín, madhnata, madhnach
138 to sew miath, miathaigh, miathín, miathata, miathach
139 to count slach, slachaigh, slachaín, slachta, slach
140 to say gémh, tobhaigh, tibhín, toichte, gelŋa
141 to sing gál, gálaigh, gálín, gálta, gálach /gɑʟ, gɑʟəx/
142 to play bothal, bothlaigh, bothlín, bothalta, bothlach
143 to float torbh, torbhaigh, tirbhín, torbhata, tarbh
144 to flow rulc, rulcaigh, rulcaín, rulctha, rulcach
145 to freeze ásc, áscaigh, áscaín, áscata, áscach
146 to swell
147 sun andō
148 moon sausmam
149 star ilmē
150 water jenaqʷs
151 rain quids
152 river leqnom
153 lake wekwtī
154 sea smó, smóa /smoː, smoːə/ (m), fón, fóna (m)
155 salt caeth, caetha (m)
156 stone neild, neilder (f)
157 sand ŋorr, ŋorra (m)
158 dust síogh (m)
159 earth luabh /ʟuəv/ (f)
160 cloud beŋŋa, beŋŋar /bɛŋə, bɛŋəl/ (f)
161 fog stioch, stiocha /stɪx, stɪxə/ (m)
162 sky gweusō (f)
163 wind coll, colla /kɔʟ/ (m)
164 snow suíobh, suíobha /siːv/ (m)
165 ice ʁagutom
166 smoke
167 fire stuφs
168 ash
169 to burn fuith, fuist
170 road griabh /gɾiəv/ (f)
171 mountain scaimh /skɛw/ (m)
172 red lós, lósa /ʟɵːs/
173 green bes, besa /bɛs/
174 yellow raech, raecha /ɾeːx/
175 white eo, eotha /ɵː/
176 black ŋiúl, ŋiúil /ŋʊʟ/
177 night míon, míonar /miːn/ (m)
178 day ruaigh, ruaithe /ɾyəj/ (m)
179 year fál, fálta /ˈfaːʟ/ (m)
180 warm fúnn, fúnna /fʉːn/
181 cold srabh, sraibh /sɾav/
182 full tuíoch, tuích
183 new serŋ, serŋa /sɛlŋ/
184 old daer, daera
185 good sámh, sáimh /saːw, seːw/
186 bad foig, foige
187 rotten ŋáiden, ŋáidin
188 dirty tagar, tagair
189 straight biúl, biúil
190 round snú, snúa /snʉː/
191 sharp (as a knife) ŋiath, ŋéith
192 dull (as a knife) lonnan, lonnain
193 smooth bád, báid
194 wet gias, géis
195 dry ŋrae, ŋraea
196 correct merg, meirg
197 near stágh, stáigh
198 far ŋelan, ŋelain
199 right soŋan
200 left breth
201 at
202 in
203 with co
204 and ankw
205 if
206 because
207 name welis