User:IlL/IPA for my English

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The following is the pronunciation standard I aspire to; it is somewhat Philadelphian but also has other influences.

IPA Keys
Aelatha
Attian
Avendonian
Ayeri
Biscayan
Cet
Cha
Evonish
Favlona
Hantza
High Valyrian
Iaskyon
Jukpë
Kihā́mmic
Kunarek
Lôppic
Maryan Coptic
Mihousapeja
Owaex
Qafesona
Rangyayo
Trây
Umbrean
Consonants
IPA examples
b buy, cab, abbot
ç~ɦ hue, human, huge
d dye, cad, do, due, added, drink
ð thy, breathe, father
d͡ʒ giant, badge, jam
f fan, café, physics, laugh
ɡ guy, bag, yoghurt
h high, hot, who
ɦ~h ahead, behind
j yes, yacht
k; kʰ sky, crack, charisma; can, quite
ɫ lamp, sly, gal, alligator, feel, call
m my, smile, cam, slammed
ɱ symphony, circumvent
n nigh, snide, can, banned
ŋ sang, thank, sinking, running
θ thigh, maths, atheist
p; pʰ spy, cap, tapping; pin, pony, rapport
ɹ rye, try, very
s sigh, mass
ʃ shy, cash, emotion
t; tʰ sty, cat, time, ton, tune
ɾ patty, mighty
t͡ʃ; t͡ʃʰ catch, Portugal; China
v vie, have
w why, wine, question
x loch, jalapeño
z zoo, has, realise
ʒ equation, pleasure, vision, beige
ʔ uh-oh, kitten
Vowels
IPA lax IPA tense
æ~a trap, pad, marry, linearity, animal, damage, dynamic, passive, taffy, pathos eə̯ ant, camp, family, half, craft, pass, last, bath (see below)
ɛ dress, bed, fell, error, merry, again
ɪ kill, lid, bin, system i seed, receive, achieve, encyclopedia, fetus, Jesus, happy
ɑ~ɒ palm, father, pasta, dot, orange oə~ʊə thought, dawn, fall, pole, off, loss, cost, cloth, dog, long, on (see CLOTH words below)
ʊ good, woman, fool, pull ʉ; jʉ food, chew, do, through; cute, queue, you, neutral
ɤ~ʌ~ə mud, young, hurry, turret, current, cull, gullet
ə comma, assume
IPA Diphthongs and rhotic vowels
ɑj ride, pile, I, dye, buy ʌj spider, tight, type
ɑɚ car, yard
æw cow, loud, bough
ɛj say, rays, vague ɪj name, pain, weight, raise, flea
care, fairy, authoritarian
beer, fear, serious, fierce, beard, here
oj~ʊj choice, toy, coin
əw bone, go, goat, blow
oɚ~ʊɚ north, core, poor
joɚ cure, pure
ɚ fur, letter
Syllabic consonants
ɫ̩~əɫ awful, waffle, offal, squabble
m̩~əm rhythm, atom
n̩~ən button, even, Britain, often

Additional tense-A words

  • /æ/ before /m n f s θ/ in closed syllables, except am, and, can (verb), began, ran, swam, in words that are not abbreviations of words with lax /æ/
    • e.g. answer, ant, can't, trample, example, half, mass, past, bath
  • calve, halve
  • castle, fasten, raspberry
  • glad, mad

CLOTH words

  • cough, doff, off, scoff, toff, trough, often
  • croft, loft, oft, soft, toft
  • coffer, offer, proffer
  • office, coffee, toffee
  • across, boss, cross, doss, dross, emboss, floss, fosse, gloss, hoss, lacrosse, loss, moss, Ross, toss
  • Boston, foster, cost, frost, lost
  • broth, cloth, froth, moth, sloth, wroth
  • along, belong, long, oblong, song, strong, thong, throng, tong, wrong
  • dog
  • on and words with it: e.g. onward(s), onto, upon, thereon, whereon, hereon