A-Tiberian Hebrew is the same as ours but with ejectives for emphatics instead of pharyngealized consonants.
As in our timeline, Hebrew accents in the Unbegotten timeline can be divided into three major types:
- Ashkenazi-type: segol, pataħ, and qamatz are all distinct; tav is lenited (e.g. Modern Standard, Gaelic)
- Sephardi-type: segol != pataħ = qamatz; tav is not lenited (e.g. Vertlandic)
- Babylonian-type: segol = pataħ != qamatz (e.g. Indian)
Hebrew in Lõis was first revived by English-speaking Jewish immigrants in the Holy Land. Most speakers in the Holy Land today use a simplified version of English Hebrew, with a Gaelic Hebrew touch.
- Stressed vowels are slightly longer than unstressed syllables.
- TibH /p t k/ are aspirated except after fricatives; voicing assimilation works like in English
- "overuse" of glottal reinforcement relative to Vertlandic Hebrew: the Revived Hebrew phonemes /p t k ts/ are realized as [ʔp ʔt ʔk ʔts] after a vowel or /m n l/.
- beth, kaf, pe, tav without dagesh are [v, x, f, s].
- lamed is always clear [l]
- vav is [v], like in Israeli Hebrew
- A six-vowel system: /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/ = [i ɛ ɛ a ɔ ø u~ü]. /ø/ is lowered to [œ] before [χ].
- resh freely varies between [ɹ], [ɻ] and [ɾ]
- Shva is dropped using similar rules to Israeli Hebrew. If shva is pronounced as a vowel, it is pronounced as [ə].
- Ayin not before a vowel (whether shva, chataf or final) behaves much like in Israeli Hebrew: /aʕ eʕ ɔʕ oʕ iʕ uʕ/ = [ɑ: ea oa~o øa ia ua]. Nasal realizations [ɑ̃ː ɛ̃ː ɔ̃ː œ̃ː iɑ̃~ẽː uɑ̃~õː] or pharyngeal realizations (pronouncing a pharyngeal ayin) may be present in proper and formal speech.
- /h/-dropping does not occur word-initially or on the onset of a stressed syllable, except possibly in function words. The /h/ in the definite article /ha/ is not dropped phrase-initially.
The grammar is nearly identical to our Israeli Hebrew (using suffix conjugation = past, participle = present, prefix conjugation = future/imperative, l- + infinitive construct = infinitive), but different phonological simplifications are made than in Israeli Hebrew and there are calques from English not used in Israeli Hebrew, such as מה מעלה /ma ˈmaːlo/ = "what's up?"
- The compensatory lengthening rule /a/ (patakh) to /o/ (qamatz), /i/ (khiriq) to /e/ (tzere), /u/ (qubbutz) to /ø/ (holam) is consistently observed before an underlying geminate /ʔ/ (aleph or ayin) and /r/ in morphologically geminate forms such as piʕel verbs.
- In particular, the definite article is usually ha, but always ho before Revived phonemes /ʔ r/.
- The /ʔu-/ allomorph for ו 'and' may be used hypercorrectly. In normative Hebrew this allomorph is only found before labials and C + shva where C != yud.
Vertlandic Jews (called "Sephardim" in-universe) have the following features:
- begadkefat acts on /b d k p/ → /v ð x f/
- glottal reinforcement before tet, tsadi, and kuf
- segol = ə, pataħ = QG = a, tsere = əy, ħolam = əw, ħiriq = i, QQ = shuruq = u
- /e ɔ o u/ are pronounced like Judeo-Gaelic ea o u î
- undageshed gimel is pronounced like Judeo-Gaelic gh
- /r/ is an alveolar flap
- /z/ is [ʒ]. It is [z] in the Southern accent.
Revived Galician Hebrew (revived by some secular L-Galician Jews) prefers Celtic syntax, such as VSO word order and expressions for feelings and modals. It also prefers some coincidentally Gaelic-sounding words, e.g. אַךְ ach 'but' and שָׂשׂ sos 'happy' (sounding like Judeo-Gaelic ach 'but' and sostă 'satisfied') instead of the synonyms אֲבָל avol and שָׂמֵחַ someach. For these reasons other Hebrew speakers may perceive Revived Galician Hebrew as higher-register. Orthodox Gaelic Jews prefer to speak Judeo-Gaelic and refuse to speak any form of Revived Hebrew, because they view Hebrew as a sacred language.
Sample (Dror Yikra)
דְּרוֹר יִקְרָא לְבֵן עִם בַּת
[dɹœɹ jiʔˈkɹɔ ləˈvɛn (ʔ)im bas]
[dəˈɾuɾ jiˈkʰɹo ləˈveən ʔim bas]
[dəˈrəwr jiʔˈkra ləˈvəjn ʕim bat]