Whetmer

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search
Whetmer
in whâyacar whetmer
Pronunciation /in ʍaˈjəkəɻ ˈʍɛʔmɛɻ/
Created by IlL
Setting Verse:Tricin
Language family
Quihum
  • Naquic
    • Whetmer
Early forms:
Old Whetmer
  • Whetmer
Writing system Naquian script
ISO 639-3

Whetmer (English: /ˈʍɛtməɹ/ WHET-mer; natively: in whâyacar whetmer /in ʍaˈjəkəɻ ˈʍɛʔmɛɻ/, from Naquian in huēyacaz huehmiz) is the most divergent present day Naquic language, spoken in the country of Verse:Tricin/Whehli. It's somewhat Faroese- and Malagasy-inspired.

External history

Whetmer used to be an English giblang with clicks. I decided to use the name for a divergent Naquic language that has the /ʍ/ sound.

Grand Master Plan

  • hu- > w-, u- > wh-
  • Vz > Vr
  • ī > i; i > e before r; i otherwise
  • Get retroflexes from geminates (thus no initial retros)
  • Câzrâ /kaʂa/ = Qazhra

Phonology

Add some Malagasy touch

Consonants

Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
central lateral central lateral plain labialized
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ nr /ɳ/ [ŋ]
Plosive tenuis p /p/ t /t/ tr /ʈ/ c /k/ qu /kʷ/ h /ʔ/
ejective ph /pʼ/ th /tʼ/ trh /ʈʼ/ ch /kʼ/
Fricative z /s/ ł /ɬ/ zr /ʂ/ łr /ɬʵ/ x /ɕ/
Affricate tenuis tz /ts/ /tɬ/ tzr /ʈʂ/ tłr /ʈɬʵ/ tx /tɕ/
ejective tzh /tsʼ/ tłh /tɬʼ/ tzrh /ʈʂʼ/ tłrh /ʈɬʵʼ/ txh /tɕʼ/
Approximant voiceless wh /ʍ/
voiced l, ll /l/ r /ɻ/ y /j/ w /w/

Vowels

i î u û e ê o ô ai a â /i ui u iu e iə ə o uə ai ə a/; w y is used for devoiced /u i/.

After a stressed syllable, as at the end of most words and in the final two syllables of some, /u, i/ are reduced to [ʷ, ʲ]. Final /a/, and sometimes final syllables, are devoiced at the end of an utterance.

Grammar

Unlike other Naquic languages, Whehmer preserves much of Naquic declension. The syntax is also more head-initial.

Nouns and adjectives

  • -i, -ia nouns: cally /kəlʲ/ 'song (nom sg)'; cella /kɛl/ 'song (gen sg)'; caller /kəlɛɻ/ 'song (nom pl)'; callen /kəlɛn/ 'song (gen pl)', callitl 'song of', calléh 'songs of'
  • w-stem nouns: ztûr, ztûir, ztûn, ztûn, ztûtl, ztûweh 'fire'

Verbs