Quame languages

From Linguifex
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Quame languages/Lexicon

Quame languages/Swadesh list

Naquo-Bjeheondo-Talman, Northwestern
Created byIlL
Txapoalli, Talma, Etalocin; today worldwide
Linguistic classificationOne of Tricin's primary language families

The Quame languages (Eevo: brits Cłem, from *kʷēm, the reconstructed word for 1), also known as Naquo-Bjeheondo-Talman, are a major language family in Tricin. It is well-established that that Naquic and Talmic form a Naquo-Talmic family; the relationship of other languages to Naquo-Talmic is conjectured by some but not well-established.

The Quame urheimat is surmised to be somewhere in Etalocin (the union of Clofabolocin and Dodellia). Proto-Quame was spoken 3000 years ago.

Proto-Quame phonology is inspired by classical IE languages (esp. Greek and Proto-Celtic) and Tsez.

Family tree



The following inventory of consonants is reconstructed for PQ and is now accepted by the majority of Trician scholars.

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
plain labialized plain labialized
Nasal *m *n
Plosive plain (asp.) *t *T *k *kʷ *q *qʷ
ejective *tʼ *Tʼ *kʼ *kʷʼ *qʼ *qʷʼ
voiced *b *d *D *g *gʷ *ɢʷ
Fricative *s
Resonant *l *r *y /j/ *w


Front Central Back
Close *i *ī *u *ū
Mid *e *ē *o *ō
Open *a *ā


Stress was phonemic.



  • Grassmann's Law operates in many descendants.



No case, number + classifier marking articles, clusivity (very un-IE)

OVS; focus prominent; Wackernagel clitics


  • qon, pl. stē = animates (humans, more "animate" animals like pets)
  • ṭēn, pl. yes = honorific form of ne
  • kwon, pl. φrī = organisms not viewed as sentient: plants, fungi, "lower" animals, pests
  • φās, pl. nē = generic inanimates
  • smār, pl. smin = tiny, point-like objects; mass nouns
  • oyr, pl. φal = long, thin objects
  • φū, pl. zoy = flat sheets
  • gī, pl. krūh = food items
  • rāw, pl. sya = abstractions; intellectual works such as art, books, ...
  • kmāh, pl. lū = manmade structures: houses, buildings, cities; tools
    • Units of measurement do not take classifiers with numerals.

Derivational morphology

  • -sa: "Caland" suffix
  • Compounding (head-final)