First Linguifex Relay/Themsaran

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Here follows the Themsaran source text for the First Linguifex Relay. Note that it is strictly forbidden to create public English translations of this text and its derivations while the relay is running, so please avoid doing so. It only spoils the fun. If you are not partaking in the relay, do not worry, a proper translation will be published after the relay has run its course.

Ga̋lnàu horáš

Šánokrátnaver lúavâ, i̋egèr,
Ga̋lèv ašt snamíge,
Ránga̋ltnev prâiš,
Luajǎžetnevi títhâr banéžach horašách,
Fǒnìe dánefra̋tē ħanárvē,
Fǒnìe thnǎŧȅ, fǒnìe rīvédrē,
Títhâr kýndêlker ħárvènir,
Luajǎžetnevi títhâr banéžach horašách,
Hébāŋkêv Cholšîe,
Tósasáŧ Cholšîe ŋírámbétȅ.


ga̋lnàu horáš
singing-3/4SG.M>SG.DEF/CONJ songbird

šá-nokrá-tn-aver lǔav-â, i̋egr-Ø,

ga̋l-èv ašt snamíg-e,
sing-PASS.PRES.3/4SG.M without purpose-SG.INDEF

ran-ga̋l-tèn-ev prâiš-Ø,
about.APP-sing-APP-PASS.PRES.3/4SG.M murder.SG.INDEF

lua-jǎž-tn-vi títh-âr banéž-ach horaš-ách,

fǒn-ìe d<án>efra̋t-ē ħ<ir>árv-ē,

fǒn-ìe thnǎŧ-ȅ, fǒn-ìe h<an>ásk-ē,
sea-SG.DEF cold-SG.M.DEF sea-SG.DEF freeze<ACT.PART>-SG.M.DEF

títh-âr kýndêl-ker ħárvn-ir,
two-INDEF season-3/4PL.F>SG.INDEF/CONJ change-PL.INDEF

lua-jǎž-tn-vi títh-âr banéž-ach horaš-ách,

hé-bāŋk-êv cholš-îe,
IPFV-be_silent-PASS.PAST.IPFV.3/4SG.M deep-SG.DEF

tós-asáŧ cholš-îe ŋ<ír>ámbét-ȅ.


Nouns are presented in their singular indefinite, adjectives in their singular attributive indefinite, and verbs in the 1st person jussive.

Themsaran English Notes
ga̋lnè singing, song noun, f, 2, k
horáš songbird noun, m, 1, th
ga̋lî sing verb
nókrâi drift, wander verb
lǔavè ground, earth noun, f, 2, k
i̋egèr dream noun, m, 1, k
ašt without, sans preposition
snamíge intention, goal, purpose noun, f, 2, k
prâiš murder, assassination noun, m, 1, g
jāžî fly verb
títhâr two numeral
banéž lover noun, m, 1, k
fǒn ocean, sea noun, m, 3, k
défrātâi rage, gust, gale verb
ħarvî change (transitive) verb
thnǎŧ cold, frigid adjective, 1/2, k
haskâi freeze (intransitive) verb
kýndêl season, period noun, m, 1, g
ħárvène change noun, f, 2, k
ba̋ŋkêiv be silent (used in mediopassive) verb
Chólš "the deep", ocean personified noun, m, 3, th
tósâi see verb
ŋámbétî cover, conceal verb


See the main article.



Nouns decline for number, definiteness and possessedness (my, your, his...) and belong to either masculine or feminine gender. There are three declension paradigms and four accent paradigms (one of k, š, th, g) for nouns and adjectives.


The possessed noun is declined for its own number and definiteness and the possessor's gender and number, in a tonally modified (downstep is not on the ending) form of the 3rd person possessed form (called the conjunct form): klajái ("her house") vs klájài ātmán (my mother's house). In most instances the possessee precedes the possessor.

Definite nouns

The definite forms can be used as a vocative.


Adjectives agree with nouns in number, gender (for "1/2" adjectives 1 is masculine, 2 is feminine, 3 has its own gender pattern), definiteness and possessedness (except for the lack of conjunct forms for adjectives). There is additionally a predicate adjective inflection, not used here.


Verbs agree with the definite object as well as the subject in number, person and gender, and conjugate for present, past and future tenses, perfective and imperfective aspects, and for active, mediopassive, causative and applicative voices. There are, broadly speaking, three different conjugations based on the thematic vowel.

Mediopassive voice

The mediopassive voice is used in passive or reflexive meaning, and also in impersonal sentences.

Applicative voice

The applicative voice promotes an indirect or oblique object of the verb to the direct object. It is marked with a mandatory suffix -t(e)n before the personal affix and with an optional prefix. Here the applicative prefix ša- has been used for the locative object, rán- for the and lua- indicates that the object is comitative.


The active participle is formed by adding the infix <an> and removing final vowels from the 3rd person masculine, and the passive static participle with the infix <ir> added to the bare stem. All participles are 1/2, k.


3/4SG.M>4SG.M denotes that the definite object is an obviate 3rd person, or 4th person.