Difference between revisions of "Zauhi"

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'''Zeuhi''' (''Zöhi dżbo'' /zøɦi dʐbo/) is the main modern descendant of Classical [[Ilithian]]. It is in a sprachbund with Neo-Aramaic varieties and [[Ašča]].
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'''Zauhi''' (''Zauhi dażbo'' /zøɦi daʐbo/; ''zauhi'' is from Classical [[Ilithian]] ''jľoudh'' + the Semitic nisba suffix ''-i'') or '''Modern Ilithian''' is the main modern descendant of Classical [[Ilithian]]. It is in a sprachbund with Neo-Aramaic varieties and [[Ašča]].
  
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== Lexicon ==
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''śuc'' = good (< ''jsúrt'')
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''Śiżen'' = a name (< ''Jsužen'')
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''źesi'' = diligent (< ''jvesu'')
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''żauci'' = meat (< ''žouštu'')
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''dażbo'' = tongue, language (< ''dažvá'')
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''bak'' = wolf (< ''vrk'')
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== Phonology ==
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=== Consonants ===
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"
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|-
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!colspan="2"| → PoA<br/>↓ Manner!! Labial !! Dental/Alveolar !! Postalveolar !! Palatal !! Velar !! Labiovelar!! Glottal
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|-
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!colspan="2"|Nasal
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| '''m''' /m/
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| '''n''' /n/
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|
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| '''ń''' /ɲ/
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| '''ng''' /ŋ/
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|
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|
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|-
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!rowspan="3"|Plosive
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!<small>tenuis</small>
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| '''p''' /p/
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| '''t''' /t/, '''c''' /ts/
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| '''cz''' /tʂ/
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| '''ć''' /tɕ/
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| '''k''' /k/
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| '''q''' /kʷ/
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|
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|-
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!<small>voiced</small>
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| '''b''' /b/
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| '''d''' /d/, '''dz''' /dz/
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| '''dż''' /dʐ/
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| '''dź''' /dʑ/
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| '''g''' /g/
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| '''g°''' /gʷ/
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|
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|-
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!<small>breathy</small>
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| '''bh''' /bʰ/
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| '''dh''' /dʰ/, '''dzh''' /dzʰ/
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| '''dżh''' /dʐʰ/
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| '''dźh''' /dʑʰ/
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|
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|
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|
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|-
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!rowspan="2"|Fricative
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!<small>unvoiced</small>
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| [f]
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| '''s''' /s/
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| '''sz''' /ʂ/ || '''ś''' /ɕ/ || '''x''' /x/ || ||
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|-
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!<small>voiced</small>
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| '''v''' /v/
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| '''z''' /z/ || '''ż, rz''' /ʐ/ || '''ź''' /ʑ/ || || '''w''' /w/ || '''h''' /ɦ/
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|-
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!colspan="2"| Liquid
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|
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| '''l''' /l/, '''r''' /r/
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|}
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=== Vowels ===
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{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="wikitable" style="text-align:center;"
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|-
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! rowspan="2" |
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! colspan="2" |Front
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! rowspan="2" |Back
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|-
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! style="width: 45px; " |<small>unrounded</small>
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! style="width: 45px; " |<small>rounded</small>
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|-
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! style="" |Close
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| '''i''' /i/
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| '''u''' /y/
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| '''ů''' /u/
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|-
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! style="" |Mid
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| '''e''' /e/
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| '''au''' /ø/
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| '''o''' /o/
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|-
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! style="" |Open
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| '''ä''' /æ/
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|
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| '''a''' /ɑ/
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|}
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== Morphology ==
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=== Nouns ===
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{|class=wikitable style=text-align:center
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|-
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!
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! colspan=2| ''bak'' = wolf
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|-
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! |
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! | Singular
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! | Plural
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|-
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|align="right"|'''Nominative'''
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|''bak'' || ''bakol''
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|-
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|align="right"|'''Genitive'''
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|''bakach'' || ''bakolach''
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|-
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|align="right"|'''Dative/Allative'''
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|''bakpi'' || ''bakolpi''
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|-
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|align="right" |'''Accusative'''
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|''bakej'' || ''bakolej''
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|-
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|align="right"|'''Instrumental'''
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|''bakni'' || ''bakonni''
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|-
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|align="right" |'''Locative'''
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|''bakmi'' || ''bakolmi''
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|}
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=== Pronouns ===
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* ''o, och'' = 1sg
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* ''tu'' = 2sg
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* ''be, bech'' = 1pl
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* ''i, ich'' = 2pl
 
[[Category:Ilithic]][[Category:Indo-European languages]][[Category:Stem-Balto-Slavic]]
 
[[Category:Ilithic]][[Category:Indo-European languages]][[Category:Stem-Balto-Slavic]]

Latest revision as of 13:48, 13 June 2021

Zauhi (Zauhi dażbo /zøɦi daʐbo/; zauhi is from Classical Ilithian jľoudh + the Semitic nisba suffix -i) or Modern Ilithian is the main modern descendant of Classical Ilithian. It is in a sprachbund with Neo-Aramaic varieties and Ašča.

Lexicon

śuc = good (< jsúrt)

Śiżen = a name (< Jsužen)

źesi = diligent (< jvesu)

żauci = meat (< žouštu)

dażbo = tongue, language (< dažvá)

bak = wolf (< vrk)

Phonology

Consonants

→ PoA
↓ Manner
Labial Dental/Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ń /ɲ/ ng /ŋ/
Plosive tenuis p /p/ t /t/, c /ts/ cz /tʂ/ ć /tɕ/ k /k/ q /kʷ/
voiced b /b/ d /d/, dz /dz/ /dʐ/ /dʑ/ g /g/ /gʷ/
breathy bh /bʰ/ dh /dʰ/, dzh /dzʰ/ dżh /dʐʰ/ dźh /dʑʰ/
Fricative unvoiced [f] s /s/ sz /ʂ/ ś /ɕ/ x /x/
voiced v /v/ z /z/ ż, rz /ʐ/ ź /ʑ/ w /w/ h /ɦ/
Liquid l /l/, r /r/

Vowels

Front Back
unrounded rounded
Close i /i/ u /y/ ů /u/
Mid e /e/ au /ø/ o /o/
Open ä /æ/ a /ɑ/

Morphology

Nouns

bak = wolf
Singular Plural
Nominative bak bakol
Genitive bakach bakolach
Dative/Allative bakpi bakolpi
Accusative bakej bakolej
Instrumental bakni bakonni
Locative bakmi bakolmi

Pronouns

  • o, och = 1sg
  • tu = 2sg
  • be, bech = 1pl
  • i, ich = 2pl