Mami

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Mami
Mami
Pronunciation[ˈmami]
Created byTyman -1
SettingOrla
Native toMami Kingdom/Empire (1 - 1916MY, 1935 - 2200 MY) Kergasian Confederation (1916 - 1935 MY)
EthnicityMamis
Native speakers122 million (1932)
Mami languages
  • Môt languages
    • Mami
Early forms
Old Mami
  • Middle Mami
Mami

Introduction

Mami (mami, IPA: /ˈmami/) was a Mami language and the ancestor of many Mami languages such as Purple Mami and Yellow Mami; it was spoken by the Mami people and was widespread across the Kergasian Confederation in my worldbuilding project. The modern version of Mami was spoken between 1700 MY and 2200 MY.

The language was made to create a language for the Mamis in my worldbuilding project, it was inspired by German, Latin, and a little bit by Turkish.

Orthography

Mami's Latin orthography is explained below, except for the difference between the circumflex and the h in long vowels. The circumflex is used when the vowel occurs initially or medially, and the h is used when the vowel occurs finally; the only exception is 'ü', which uses h in all positions when it's long.

Writing System

Mami uses the Mami writing system, which is an alphabet.

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/
Stop p /p/ b /b/ t /t/ d /d/ k /k/ g /g/
Affricate ch /t͡ʃ/ j /d͡ʒ/
Fricative f /f/ v /v/ s /s/ z /z/ sh /ʃ/ kh /x/ gh /ɣ/ h /h/
Approximant w /w/ y /j/ w /w/
Trill r /r/
Lateral fricative lh /ɬ/
Lateral approximant l /l/

Vowels

Front Back
High i /i/ î/ih /iː/ ü /y/ üh /yː/ u /u/ û/uh /uː/
Near-high i /ɪ/
High-mid ê/eh /eː/ ô/oh /oː/
Low-mid e /ɛ/ o /ɔ/
Low a /a/ â/ah /aː/

Diphthongs

The Diphthongs are: /ai/, /au/, /ay/, /ɛi/, /ɛu/, and /ɛy/.

Prosody

Stress

Stress in Mami occurs on the second-to-last syllable.

Phonotactics

The syllable structure in Mami is (C)V(F), with C being a Consonant, V being a vowel, and F being every consonant except /h/, /w/, /j/, and /b/.

Every consonant cluster consisting of FC is permitted except geminate consonants. In consonant clusters like 'mt', and 'mk', the nasal assimilates to the place of articulation of the second consonant, this is also written in the orthography.

Diphthongs split before liquids.

Morphology

Nouns

Nouns in Mami are declined for case and number; they also have six genders: Masculine animate, Masculine inanimate, Feminine animate, Feminine inanimate, Neuter animate, Neuter inanimate.

Masculine Animate Masculine Inanimate Feminine Animate Feminine Inanimate Neuter Animate Neuter Inanimate
Nominative Singular No affix No affix No affix No affix No affix No affix
Nominative Plural -(e)d -(i)r -(a)d -(a)r -(o)d -(o)r
Accusative Singular e- e(t)- e- -t e(t)- e- e(t)-
Accusative Plural e- -(e)d e(t)- -(i)r e- -tad e(t)- -(i)r e- -ot e(t)- -(i)r
Genitive Singular -(i)l -eu -(â)l -(kh)ul -(o)l -(o)l
Genitive Plural -(e)tal -(i)reu -(a)tal -(a)rau -(o)tul -(u)rul
Dative Singular -(i)k -(aü)k -(a)k -(aü)k -(o)k -(u)k
Dative Plural -(e)tik -(e)raük -(a)tak -(a)raük -(o)tok -(u)ruk
Instrumental Singular -me -meu -ma -mau -mo -mu
Instrumental Plural -(e)tma -(i)rmeu -(a)tma -(a)rmau -(o)tmo -(o)rmu

Verbs

Verbs are inflected for person and tense.

Singular Plural
1st person -(t)a -(t)ad
2nd person -(t)e -(t)ed
3rd person -(t)u -(t)ud
Past -pa
Present No affix
Future nü-

Verbs also have a negative particle ke.

Adjectives

Adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to.

Singular Plural
Masculine Animate -(t)a -(t)et
Masculine Inanimate -(t)o -(t)ot
Feminine Animate -(t)a -(t)at
Feminine Inanimate -(t)on -(t)onat
Neuter Animate -(t)i -(t)it
Neuter Inanimate -(t)u -(t)ut

Pronouns


Articles

Masculine Animate Masculine Inanimate Feminine Animate Feminine Inanimate Neuter Animate Neuter Inanimate
Definite te tan to tom te tim
Indefinite ih im oh on ih êm

Syntax

The Word Order in Mami is SOV, Adjectives go before the noun, and there are postpositions instead of prepositions.

Example texts

Other resources