Sino-Tiberian

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Sino-Tiberian
漢語
Pronunciation[/θálʕɔ̂/]
Created byIlL
SettingVerse:Lõis
Sino-Tibetan
  • Sinitic
    • Old Chinese
      • Sino-Tiberian

Sino-Tiberian (漢語 þalH⁺ȝoX⁻ /θálʕɔ̂/) is a divergent descendant of Old Chinese with a Tiberian Hebrew-inspired phonology.

Todo

Min-like doublets from Middle Sino-Tiberian / Middle Chinese?

Tone sandhi/word tones?

Voiceless resonants

Numbers:

1 ʔit > ʔit -
2 ni[j]-s > niH-
3 srum/sram > šom-
4 s.lij-s > śiH-
5 C.ŋˁaʔ > ȝoX+
6 luk-
7 sit-
8 at-
9 quX-
10 tgəp > daP- (P is another tone that comes from loss of final p)

Diachronics

  • Voiceless nasals > /f θ x/

Phonology

Initials

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Laryngeal Glottal
Nasal voiced m /m/ n /n/
voiceless hm hn
Plosive voiceless p /p/ t /t/ k /k/ /ʔ/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /g/
emphatic /tʼ/ q /kʼ/
Spirant voiceless f /f/ þ /θ/ x /x/
voiced v /v/ ð /ð/ γ /ɣ/
Fricative voiceless s /s/ š /ʃ/ ħ /ħ/ h /h/
voiced z /z~dz/
emphatic /tsʼ/
Trill r /r~ɾ/, hr
Approximant l /l/, hl /ɬ/ y /j/ /ʕ~ɦ/

Vowels

Tiberian Hebrew vowels minus ultrashorts, written i ie e a o uo u = /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/

Finals

-m -n -3 -l -y -w -t -k

Tones

Historically 8: {0 X H P} x {+- voicing}, but merged into 5