Contionary:ap

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Aeranir

Etymology

From Old Aeranir ap, from Proto-Iscaric *ab, from Proto-Maro-Ephenian *r₂epó, from *r₂ep- ("head, top; above").

Compare with accuius. Cognate with Dalitian apó.

Pronunciation

(Old) IPA: [ap]
(Classical) IPA: [ap]
(Gaunine) IPA: [ap]
(Late) IPA: [a]

Preposition

ap

  1. (with ablative) about, pertaining to
    • iūva salvan ac campīliōnī carpitinis

      iūv-a

      wirte-PFV.3SG.C

      salv-an

      book-ACC.SG

      a[p]

      about

      campīliōn-ī

      founding-ABL.SG

      carpitin-is

      Carpider-GEN.SG

      iūv-a salv-an a[p] campīliōn-ī carpitin-is

      wirte-PFV.3SG.C book-ACC.SG about founding-ABL.SG Carpider-GEN.SG

      'They wrote a book about the founding of Carpider'

  2. (with locative) over, above, on top of
    • ēs cops ap salvāriolīs tuius

      ēs

      COP.3SG.T

      cop-s

      hat-NOM.SG

      ap

      on

      salvāriol-īs

      bookshelf-LOC.SG

      tui-us

      my-T.NOM.SG

      ēs cop-s ap salvāriol-īs tui-us

      COP.3SG.T hat-NOM.SG on bookshelf-LOC.SG my-T.NOM.SG

      'My hat is on the bookshelf'

Adverb

ap

  1. up, upwards, over
    • auhē sollōso ā!

      auh-ē

      look-IMP

      soll-ō=so

      sky-DAT.SG=FOC

      a[p]

      up

      auh-ē soll-ō=so a[p]

      look-IMP sky-DAT.SG=FOC up

      'Look up towards the sky!'

Usage notes

Often used as a prefix for verbs.

The spelling of the prefix changes in some situations:

  • Before m, v, sp, or pausa it becomes ā.
  • Before c or q, it becomes ac or aq respectively.
  • Before f or h it becomes au.

Derived terms