Contionary:mesa

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Avendonian

Pronunciation

(Central Avendonian) IPA(key): [ˈmesa]

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *maisǭ.

Noun

mesa f (plural mese)

  1. titmouse

Etymology 2

From Vulgar Latin *missa.

Noun

mesa f (plural mese)

  1. (Christianity) mass

Kirtumur

Alternative form

  • misa (Erepursal)

Etymology

From East Kyrdan misa, from Kērsalur misa, itself from Proto-Kyrdan *ŋʷaisa (“to eat”). Cognate with Kērsalur misa, Cirdamur ŋaisa. Displaced native ŋeisa.

Pronunciation

  • (Umunesal) IPA: [ˈmɛ.sɑ]
  • (Erepursal) IPA: [ˈmi.sɑ]

Verb

mesa v ambitransitive

  1. (transitive) to eat
    muŋisarik mesē – he/she is eating breakfast.
  2. (intransitive) to consume a meal
    kheniyimisit ukala? – do they eat in the evening?
  3. (transitive) to consume, to use up
    chauraka eŋeir mesēktu – small towns don’t consume a lot of electricity.
  4. (transitive/intransitive) to corrode
    kulkap namut umissuraknuem mesētu – strong acids corrode iron.
    mureik mukimesa – gold doesn’t corrode.

Conjugation

Conjugation of mesa
Non-finite forms
infinitives affirmative negative affirmative negative
imperfective mesa mesakha future miseis miseiska
aorist misei miseikha perfect mestei mesteikha
participles imperfective perfective
affirmative negative affirmative negative
active misin misimi misanu misōmu
middle misis misisma misēs misēsma
passive misēni misēmi misauni miseumi
antipassive misun misuma misōn misōma
Affirmative
Direct person marker 1→2 1→3 2→3 3→4
Active present
singular mesō mesi mesan mesē
dual mesōk mesik mesanak mesēk
plural mesōtu mesitu mesantu mesētu
past
singular emisō emisi emisan emisē
dual emisōk emisik emisanak emisēk
plural emisōtu emisitu emisantu emisētu
future
singular mesōis mesis mesanis mesēis
dual mesōkis mesikis mesankis mesēkis
plural mesōtuis mesituis mesantuis mesētuis
perfect
singular mestō mesti mestan mestē
dual mestōk mestik mestanak mestēk
plural mestōtu mestitu mestantu mestētu
pluperfect
singular emestō emesti emestan emestē
dual emestōk emestik emestanak emestēk
plural emestōtu emestitu emestantu emestētu
optative
singular kurmerō kurmeri kurmeran kurmerē
dual kurmerōk kurmerik kurmeranak kurmerēk
plural kurmerōtu kurmeritu kurmerantu kurmerētu
subjunctive I
singular pamerō pameri pameran pamerē
dual pamerōk pamerik pameranak pamerēk
plural pamerōtu pameritu pamerantu pamerētu
subjunctive II
singular hepamerō hepameri hepameran hepamerē
dual hepamerōk hepamerik hepameranak hepamerēk
plural hepamerōtu hepameritu hepamerantu hepamerētu
imperative meseya
Inverse person marker 2→1 3→1 3→2 4→3
Active present
singular mese mesur mesehe mesōr
dual mesekke merruk mesehek merrōk
plural mesettu mesurtu mesehetu mesōrtu
past
singular emese emisur emisehe emisōr
dual emisekke emerruk emisehek emerrōk
plural emisettu emisurtu emisehetu emisōrtu
future
singular mesis mesuris mesihis mesōris
dual mesikkis merrukis mesihikis merrōkis
plural mesettuis mesurtuis mesehetuis mesōrtuis
perfect
singular mesette mestur mestehe mestōr
dual mestekke mesturka mestehek mestōrka
plural mestettu mesturtu mestehetu mestōrtu
pluperfect
singular emisette emestur emestehe emestōr
dual emestekke emesturka emestehek emestōrka
plural emestettu emesturtu emestehetu emestōrtu
optative
singular kurmese kurmesur kurmesehe kurmesōr
dual kurmesekke kurmerruk kurmesehek kurmerrōk
plural kurmesettu kurmesurtu kurmesehetu kurmesōrtu
subjunctive I
singular pamese pamesur pamesehe pamesōr
dual pamesekke pamerruk pamesehek pamerrōk
plural pamesettu pamesurtu pamesehetu pamesōrtu
subjunctive II
singular hepamese hepamesur hepamesehe hepamesōr
dual hepamesekke hepamerruk hepamesehek hepamerrōk
plural hepamesettu hepamesurtu hepamesehetu hepamesōrtu
Negative
Direct person marker 1→2 1→3 2→3 3→4
Active present
singular mesōŋ mesiki mesŋam mesēki
dual mesōŋka mesikka mesŋamka mesēkka
plural mesōŋtu mesiktu mesŋamtu mesēktu
past
singular emisōŋ emisiki emisŋam emisēki
dual emisōŋka emisikka emisŋamka emisēkka
plural emisōŋtu emisiktu emisŋamtu emisēktu
future
singular mesōŋis mesikis mesŋamis mesēkis
dual mesōŋkis mesikkis mesŋamkis mesēkkis
plural mesōŋtuis mesiktuis mesŋamtuis mesēktuis
perfect
singular mestōŋ mestiki mesteŋam mesēki
dual mesōŋka mesikka mesteŋamka mesēkka
plural mesōŋtu mesiktu mesteŋamtu mesēktu
pluperfect
singular emestōŋ emestiki emesteŋam emesēki
dual emesōŋka emesikka emesteŋamka emesēkka
plural emesōŋtu emesiktu emesteŋamtu emesēktu
optative
singular kurmerōŋ kurmeriki kurmerŋam kurmerēki
dual kurmerōŋka kurmerikka kurmerŋamka kurmerēkka
plural kurmerōŋtu kurmeriktu kurmerŋamtu kurmerēktu
subjunctive I
singular pamerōŋ pameriki pamerŋam pamerēki
dual pamerōŋka pamerikka pamerŋamka pamerēkka
plural pamerōŋtu pameriktu pamerŋamtu pamerēktu
subjunctive II
singular hepamerōŋ hepameriki hepamerŋam hepamerēki
dual hepamerōŋka hepamerikka hepamerŋamka hepamerēkka
plural hepamerōŋtu hepameriktu hepamerŋamtu hepamerēktu
imperative ma meseya
Inverse person marker 2→1 3→1 3→2 4→3
Active present
singular miseō mesrukha mesekhō mesrakha
dual miseōk mesrukhak mesekhōk mesrakhak
plural miseōtu mesrukhatu mesekhōtu mesrakhatu
past
singular emeseō emerrukha emisekhō emerrakha
dual emeseōk emerrukhak emisekhōk emerrakhak
plural emeseōtu emerrukhatu emisekhōtu emerrakhatu
future
singular mesekōis merrukheis mesikhōis merrakheis
dual mesekōkis merrukhakis mesikhōkis merrakhakis
plural mesekōtuis merrukhatuis mesikhōtuis merrakhatuis
perfect
singular mesteō mesitrukha mestekhō mesetrakha
dual mesteōk mesitrukhak mestekhōk mesetrakhak
plural mesteōtu mesitrukhatu mestekhōtu mesetrakhatu
pluperfect
singular emesteō emisitrukha emestekhō emisetrakha
dual emesteōk emisitrukhak emestekhōk emisetrakhak
plural emesteōtu emisitrukhatu emestekhōtu emisetrakhatu
optative
singular kurmerekō kurmerrukha kurmerekhō kurmerrakha
dual kurmerekōk kurmerrukhak kurmerekhōk kurmerrakhak
plural kurmerekōtu kurmerrukhatu kurmerekhōtu kurmerrakhatu
subjunctive I
singular pamerekō pamerrukha pamerekhō pamerrakha
dual pamerekōk pamerrukhak pamerekhōk pamerrakhak
plural pamerekōtu pamerrukhatu pamerekhōtu pamerrakhatu
subjunctive II
singular hepamerekō hepamerrukha hepamerekhō hepamerrakha
dual hepamerekōk hepamerrukhak hepamerekhōk hepamerrakhak
plural hepamerekōtu hepamerrukhatu hepamerekhōtu hepamerrakhatu



Derived terms

  • nammes – eating