Eastern Voþken

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search

Introduction

Eastern Voþken is a daughter of Voþken that came as a result of the isolation between the western and eastern divide after the Fire Rebellion.

Phonology

Romanization

The romanization was chosen with the intentions of, first, being as easy as possible to type on an American QWERTY keyboard, secondly, to be relatively close to IPA representations of phonemes, and lastly, to preserve as much of the historical orthography from its mother language. However, there is a second romanization system used with the sole intent of preserving the representation of historical spellings with there being a direct relationship to the native orthography.

Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post Alveolar Palatal Velar
Plosive voiceless p /p/ t /t/ k /k/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /g/
Aspirated p [pʰ]* t [tʰ]* k [kʰ]*
Nasal m /m/ n /n/
Fricative voiceless f /f/ þ /θ/ s /s/ c /ʃ/ h /x/
voiced v /v/ ð /ð/ s [z]*
Approximant r /ɹ/ y /j/
Lateral Approximant l /l/
Affricate tj/tc /t͡ʃ/

*allophone

Vowels

Front Central Back Diphthongs
Close y [i]*
Near-Close i /ɪ/ ü /ʏ/ u /ʊ/
Close-Mid ei/ey /ej/
Mid e/a [ə]*
Open-Mid e /ɛ/ o /œ/ oi/oy /ɔɪ/
Near-Open a /æ/
Open a [a]* ai/ay /aj/

*allophone

Phonotactics

Allowed Syllables

  • (C)(C)V(C)(C)

Consonant Clusters Word Initial

  • [fricative]+[nasal,liquid,stop]
  • [stop]+[nasal,liquid,fricative]

Word Internal

Word Final

  • [fricative]+[stop]
  • [stop]+[fricative]
  • /m/+/b/
  • /n/+[stop,excluding /b/]

Phonological Rules

  • /ɛ/ > [ə] / _#
  • /s/ > [z] / $_[voiced consonant]
  • /s/ > [z] / [voiced consonant]_$
  • /ʊ/ > [ɔ] / _/j/
  • /j/ > [ɪ] / [ɔ]
  • /j/ > [i] / [consonant] _#
  • /æ/ > [a] / _/j/$
  • [+stop -voiced] > [+aspiration] / #_[vowel]
  • /n/ > [n̩] / [any consonant except approximants]

Stress

Eastern Sound Changes

First Wave

  • [+stop -voiced] > [+aspiration] / #_[vowel]
  • [ɛ] > [œ] / $_[w]
  • /t/ > [c] / _/j/
  • /t/ > [t͡ʃ] / _$/ʃ/
  • /ʃ/ > ∅ / [t]$_
  • [æ] > [ə] / _#
  • /ʊ/ > [u]
  • [ɛ] > [ə] / _[n]#
  • /y/ > ∅ / [consonant] _ [consonant]

Second Wave

  • /w/ > ∅ / [vowel]_$
  • [c] > [t͡ʃ]
  • [ə] > ∅ / _#
  • /n/ > [n̩] / [ə]_#
  • [ə] > ∅ / _[n]#
  • [+close +vowel] > [-close +near close]
  • /u/ > [y] / /j/_$
  • /j/ > ∅ / _/u/