|Txapoalli, Talma, Etalocin; today worldwide|
|Linguistic classification||One of Tricin's primary language families|
The Quame languages (Eevo: brits Cłem, from *kʷēm, the reconstructed word for 1), also known as Naquo-Talmic, are a major language family in Tricin. It is well-established that that Naquic and Talmic form a Naquo-Talmic family; the relationship of other languages to Naquo-Talmic is conjectured by some but not well-established.
The Quame urheimat is surmised to be somewhere in Etalocin (the union of Clofabolocin and Dodellia). Proto-Quame was spoken 3000 years ago.
Proto-Quame phonology is inspired by classical IE languages (esp. Greek and Proto-Celtic) and Tsez.
The following inventory of consonants is reconstructed for PQ and is now accepted by the majority of Trician scholars.
|Close||*i *ī||*u *ū|
|Mid||*e *ē||*o *ō|
Stress was phonemic.
- Grassmann's Law operates in many descendants.
No case, number + classifier marking articles, clusivity (very un-IE)
OVS; focus prominent; Wackernagel clitics
- qon, pl. stē = animates (humans, more "animate" animals like pets)
- ṭēn, pl. yes = honorific form of ne
- kwon, pl. φrī = organisms not viewed as sentient: plants, fungi, "lower" animals, pests
- φās, pl. nē = generic inanimates
- smār, pl. smin = tiny, point-like objects; mass nouns
- oyr, pl. φal = long, thin objects
- φū, pl. zoy = flat sheets
- gī, pl. krūh = food items
- rāw, pl. sya = abstractions; intellectual works such as art, books, ...
- kmāh, pl. lū = manmade structures: houses, buildings, cities; tools
- Units of measurement do not take classifiers with numerals.
- -sa: "Caland" suffix