Shum

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Shum
llhau syuun
Created by Praimhín
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Bjeheond
Language family
ISO 639-3


Shum (shoom; native name llhau syuun) is a Hlou-Shum language inspired by Marathi, Hmong and one of IlL's old sketches, Reber Wiebian.

Introduction

Phonology

Orthography

Initials

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Retroflex Lateral Palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless stop p /p/ tt /t̪/ t /ʈ/ tl /ʈᶩ/ c /c/ k /k/
Aspirated stop ph /pʰ/ tth /t̪ʰ/ th /ʈʰ/ tlh /ʈᶩʰ/ ch /cʰ/ kh /kʰ/
Voiced stop b /b/ dd /d̪/ d /ɖ/ dl /ɖᶩ/ j /ɟ/ g /ɡ/
Murmured stop bh /bʰ/ ddh /d̪ʰ/ dh /ɖʰ/ dlh /ɖᶩʰ/ jh /ɟʰ/ gh /ɡʰ/
Nasal m /m/ nn /n̪/ n /ɳ/ nl /ɳᶩ/ nj /ɲ/
Murmured nasal mh /mʰ/ nnh /n̪ʰ/ nh /ɳʰ/ nlh /ɳᶩʰ/ njh /ɲʰ/
Fricative ss /s/ s /ʂ/ sy /ç~ɕ/ h /h/
Approximant v /ʋ/ ll /l/ l /ɺ̢/ y /j/
Murmured approximant vh /ʋʰ/ llh /lʰ/ lh /ɺ̢ʰ/
Trill r /r/

Rimes

  • aʔ iʔ uʔ ahᵃ ihⁱ uhᵘ with a mid (33) tone (spelled at it ut ah ih uh)
  • aʔ iʔ uʔ ahᵃ ihⁱ uhᵘ with a low (22) tone (spelled att itt utt aha ihi uhu)
  • a: e: i: o: u: ai au am~ã: em~ẽ: im~ĩ: om~õ: um~ũ: (spelled a e i o u ai au aa ee ii oo uu) with mid (33), low (21), rising (25), falling (41), dipping (313 with creaky voice on the 1), and high dipping tone (434) tones; the tone letters are as follows:
Tone Mid Low Rising Falling Dipping High dipping
Spelling n b d j s

Registers

There are two main registers of Shum, traditionally called White (Syuun Bhaan) and Green (Syuun Dlas). The main difference is that White Shum uses lots of loans from Windermere.

Prosody

Stress

Intonation

Phonotactics

Morphophonology

Morphology

Shum is completely isolating and head-initial.

  • tlan (I), mhais (boat) ⇒ mhais tlan (my boat)
  • ruub (eye), be (water) ⇒ be ruub (tears)

Pronouns

Shum pronouns are based on rank, not person or gender. (tlan is used only in textbooks)

Numbers

Syntax

Word order is SVO; adjectives and relative clauses come before nouns; there are postpositions instead of prepositions; determiners and classifiers are placed before the noun; complementizers are head-initial.

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Lexicon

  • nlhaha 'fire'
  • be 'water'
  • tlan 'I'
  • mhais 'boat'

Other resources