Jump to: navigation, search


1,177 bytes added, 02:51, 18 July 2019
no edit summary
|creator = [[User:IlL|IlL]]
|name = {{PAGENAME}}
|nativename = ιν υέθαχας νάχυιμιςin uētacaz nāquimiz
|pronunciation= /in weːtakas naːkʷimis/
|region = Naquiz, northern Txapoalli
|extinct = 500dd
|fam1=[[Quame languages|Quame]]
'''{{PAGENAME}}''' (/ˈnɑːkwiən/ ''NAH-kwee-ən'') is a classical language of Tricin which served as the working language of Ancient [[Verse:Tricin/Naquiz|Naquiz]], or the Naquian empire. It is a Quame language with a Nāhuatl, Latin and Proto-Germanic and Nahuatl flavor. It has a rich body of literature, and is notable for being the language with the first extensive grammatical treatise in history. It is related to [[Thensarian]], a Talman classical language.
Remove a lot of r's but not all of them
Cr Cl > Cl > laterals
Keep initial p/ph
Or: Nahuatl phonology but not phonotactics? e.g. initial ''zp, zt, zc, zqu, ztz, ztx, ztł'' but not ''zm, zn, zl''*''*sl'' Final -t > ztł-tl
*''pl tl kl'' > ''tl''Assimilated mz, nz, lz, rz nouns
quateh = flowerPseudo Hungarian descendant?
Final -t > -tlammitī, ammiuī, ... = to live
Assimilated mz, nz, lz, rz nounsnaxxamō hōndah ti mīnah = thirty days and nights (lit. thirty suns and nights)
! colspan="2" style="" |Nasal
| '''μm''' /m/| '''νn''' /n/
! rowspan="2" style="" |Plosive
! |<small>tenuis</small>
| '''φp''' /p/| '''θt''' /t/
| '''χc''' /k/| '''χυqu''' /kʷ/| '''ϙh''' /ʔ/| '''ϙυhu''' /ʔʷ~wˀ/
! |<small>ejective</small>
| '''πph''' /pʼ/| '''τth''' /tʼ/
| '''κch''' /kʼ/| '''κυquh''' /kʷʼ/
! colspan="2" style="" |Fricative
| '''σz''' /s/| '''ϧ''' /ɬ/| '''ϸx''' /ʃ/
! |<small>tenuis</small>
| '''θσtz''' /ts/| '''θϧtl''' /tɬ/| '''θϸtx''' /tʃ/
! |<small>ejective</small>
| '''τσtzh''' /tsʼ/| '''τϧtłh''' /tɬʼ/| '''τϸtxh''' /tʃʼ/
! colspan="2" style="" |Approximant
| '''ρr''' /r/| '''λl''' /l/| '''ιy''' /j/
| '''υu''' /w/
*/t/, /k/, /kʷ/ become /d~θ/, /g~x/, /gʷ~xʷ/ between vowels.
A word may not end in a consonant cluster; usually an epenthetic vowel ''ιi'' is inserted to resolve a consonant cluster.
The following geminates are allowed: /mː nː lː jː sː ʃː pː tː kː kwː tsː tɬː tʃː tʼː kʼː tsʼː tɬʼː tʃʼː/. Geminates are common, often resulting from older rC clusters.
Nasal-stop clusters are allowed.
The following initial clusters are allowed:
*'''tr tzr txr cr qur thr tzhr txhr chr quhr'''
*'''zt ztz ztł ztx zc zqu'''
! style="" |Close
| '''ιi''' /i/| '''ίī''' /iː/
| '''υu''' /u/| '''ύū''' /uː/
! style="" |Mid
| '''εe''' /ɛ/| '''έē''' /eː/
| '''οo''' /ɔ/| '''όō''' /oː/
! style="" |Open
| '''αa''' /a/| '''άā''' /aː/
Diphthongs: '''αι αυ η ω ει ουea oa ei ou''' /ai au ea oa ei ou/
TODO: declensionThe definite article is ''in''.
Nouns are inflected in two numbers (singular, plural) and two cases (nominative, genitive).
flower (r-stem): quatār, quatariz, quatarin, quatarīni, quataritl, quataripeh
*Example, "name": ''ueliz'' (nom sg), ''uelīz'' (gen sg), ''uelīn'' (nom pl), ''uelīni'' (gen pl); ''uelitl'' (const sg); ''uelipeh'' (const pl)
*Example, "song": ''cālli'' (nom sg), ''cāllia'' (gen sg), ''cāllih'' (nom pl), ''cāllīni'' (gen pl); ''cāllitl'' (const sg); ''cālipeh'' (const pl)
Example, "name": ''ueliz'' (nom sg), ''uelīz'' (gen sg), ''uelīn'' (nom pl), ''uelīni'' (gen pl); ''uelitl'' (const sg); ''uelipeh'' (const pl)====u-stems====
"fire" (w-stem): ''ztūz'', ''ztūīz'', ''ztūīn'', ''ztūīni'', ''ztūitl'', ''ztūipeh''
===Adjectives===Example*quarātl, "song": ''cālli'' (nom sg)quarālli, ''cāllia'' (gen sg), ''cāllih'' (nom pl), ''cāllīni'' (gen pl); ''cāllitl'' (const sg); ''cālipeh'' (const pl)quarātliz = moral
*present subjunctive with no redup
*past subjunctive marked with ''-tē-''
====Personal affixes====
=====Active=====past tense: ''chēpātīcheppātī, chēpāuaicheppāzī, chēpaicheppē, chēpaizicheppēz, chēpāmircheppamir, chēpantircheppantir, chēpaquircheppaquir, chēpauircheppauir'' present tense: ''cecheppān, cecheppār, cecheppā, cecheppāz, cecheppāmeh, cecheppanti, cecheppaqui, cecheppatl'' present subjunctive: ''cheppān, cheppār, cheppā, cheppāz, cheppāmeh, cheppanti, cheppaqui, cheppātl'' past subjunctive: ''cheppātēn, cheppātēr, cheppātē, cheppātēz, cheppātēmeh, cheppātēnti, cheppātēqui, cheppātētl'' =====Mediopassive=====past tense: ''cheppāuetī, cheppāuezī, cheppauē, cheppauēz, cheppauemir, cheppauentir, cheppauequir, cheppauetlir'' present tense: ''cecheppāuen, cecheppāuer, cecheppāue, cecheppāuez, cecheppāuemeh, cecheppauenti, cecheppauequi, cecheppauitl''
present tensesubjunctive: ''cechēpāncheppāuen, cechēpārcheppāuer, cechēpācheppāue, cechēpāzcheppāuez, cechēpāmehcheppāuemeh, cechēpanticheppauinti, cechēpaquicheppauequi, cechēpatlcheppāuitl''
present past subjunctive: ''chēpāncheppāuetēn, chēpārcheppāuetēr, chēpācheppāurtē, chēpāzcheppāuetēz, chēpāmehcheppāuetēmeh, chēpanticheppāuetēnti, chēpaquicheppāuetēqui, chēpātl''cheppāuetētl
past subjunctive: ''chēpātēn====Participles====*cheppācon, chēpātērcheppācō, chēpātēcheppācoz = active participle*cheppānin, chēpātēzcheppāni, chēpātēmeh, chēpātēnti, chēpātēqui, chēpātētl''cheppāniz = passive participle
===Derivational morphology===
*''-ācaz'' = nominalizer (~ Thens. ''-ācos'')
*''-ātl, -ālli, -ātliz'' = adjectivizer
*''-imin, -imi, -imiz'' = adjectivizer
*''-pan, -pā, -paz'' = nominalizer
*''zeinuhin'' = 1st
===Constituent order===
OVSSVO, postpositions, gen-noun / noun-gen, adj-noun.
===Subordinate clauses===
*''neh'' = complememtizer (related to ''-n'' in Thensarian relativizer ''rin'')
==See also==

Navigation menu