Tyrith

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Tyrith/Lexicon

Tyrith (Tyrith jæ̂ /ˈtyriθ ˈjæː/, from older *Türiŋit) is a divergent descendent of Old Chinese with vowel harmony. It also has loans from Siészal. Türiit is a co-creation of User:IlL and User:Praimhín, inspired by Medh Chêl.

  • remi = 'name'
    • remizech = 'literal'
  • Beri næ̂b! = 'hello'
  • pæriŋ = 'pair'
    • pæriŋlæch = duality
  • -zech = adjectivizer (from 性)
  • nœ̂ = wisecracker

Zhengzhang Shangfang = Derîzcædhri Dæ̂zfæ̂

Notes

  • A = a/ä
  • O = e/ö/ë/o
  • U = i/ü/ï/u

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
central lateral
Nasal voiceless mh /m̥/ nh /n̥/
voiced m /m/ n /n/
Plosive voiceless p /p/ t /t/ k /k/ q /q/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /ɡ/ ġ /ɢ/
Affricate voiceless ts /ts/
voiced dz /dz~z/
Fricative f /f~v/ th /θ~ð/ s /s/ lh /ɬ/ kh /x~ɣ/ h /h/
Trill voiceless rh /r̥/
voiced r /r/
Approximant l /l/ -i /j/ -u /w/

Vowels

Tyrith vowels
Front Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
short long short long short long short long
Close i /i/ ii /iː/ ü /y/ üü /yː/ ï /ɯ/ ïï /ɯː/ u /u/ uu /uː/
Mid e /e/ ee /eː/ ö /ø/ öö /øː/ ë /ɤ/ ëë /ɤː/ o /o/ oo /oː/
Open ä /æ/ ää /æː/ a /ɑ/ aa /ɑː/

glides: -i -u /-j -w/

Stress

Stress is always on the first syllable.

Morphology

Nouns

The plural suffix is -El: rää 'fish', rääl 'fish, fishes'.

  • Nominative/Accusative: -0 (rää 'a fish', rääl 'fish (plural)')
  • Genitive: 之 -(E)d (rääd 'of a fish', rääled 'of fish')
  • Ablative: 出 -(U)t (räät 'from a fish', räälit 'from fish')
  • Dative: 給 -(E)b (rääb 'for a fish', rääleb 'for fish')
  • Instrumental
  • Locative
  • Lative

Pronouns

  • "I": nom. ja /ˈjɑ/; acc. jai; other cases take the stem jai-
  • "you": nää /ˈnæː/
  • "he/she": ge /ˈge/
  • "we": jaimë /ˈjɑimɤ/
  • "you guys": nääme /ˈnæːme/
  • "they" (animate): geme /ˈgeme/

Verbs

  • 'to eat', present tense: melgiä, melgin, melgi, melgiäm, melginem, melgel
  • 'to eat', present progressive: melgibä, melgibin, melgib, melgibäm, melgibinem, melgibel
  • 'to drink': qürimbä, qürimbin, qürimb, qürimbäm, qürimbinem, qürimbel
  • Süder qürimbibä = I am drinking water

Subject pronouns are required in the third person: Ge süder qürimb = He drinks water

Adjectives

Adjectives only inflect for degree.

  • 'good, better, best': hû, hûvadh, so-hûvadh
  • Beri tærrith hûvadh = Peace is better than war

Numerals

1: idh 2: nîz 3: sŷr 4: siliz 5: paŋ 6: cydh 7: sidh 8: prõdh 9: cŷ 10: têb 100: pâr 1000: sõ̂n 10000: ræmêz

Syntax