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Maryan Coptic


  • IPA: /ˈxiːsə/


ϧⲓⲥⲉ (ḫise) m.

  1. labor, weariness


ϧⲓⲥⲉ (ḫise) t4. (construct ϧⲉⲥ, pronominal ϧⲁⲥ-, qualitative ϧⲟⲥⲉ)

  1. (intransitive) to toil, to be laborious, to be weary
  2. (transitive) to labor, to operate


Conjugation of ϧⲓⲥⲉ 
infinitive ⲉ̀ϧⲓⲥⲉ negative infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ
imperative ϧⲓⲥⲉ negative imperative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲣϧⲓⲥⲉ
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
masculine feminine masculine feminine
Durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
present simple present ϯϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲥⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ
circumstantial ⲉⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
relative ⲉϯϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
future simple future ϯⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲭⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉϥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲥⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲭⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲕⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲩⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
conditional ⲉⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
relative ⲉϯⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲭⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲩⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
Non-durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
past affirmative ⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
affirmative preterite ⲛⲉⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲩⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative preterite ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
relative ⲉⲧⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
aorist affirmative ϣⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
optative affirmative ⲉⲓⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲕⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉϥⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲥⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲩⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative ⲉⲛⲛⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
jussive ⲙⲁⲣⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
affirmative causative ⲑⲣⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲑⲣⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative causative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲓϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
Subordinate clause
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
conditional affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲕϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁϥϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲛϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲩϣⲁⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative ⲁⲓϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁϥϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲁⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ
conjunctive affirmative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
negative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϧⲓⲥⲉ
limitative ϣⲁϯϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ
expectative ⲉⲙⲡⲁϯϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲥϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϧⲓⲥⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲩϧⲓⲥⲉ