Ilda

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Ilda
ildaska vloskās
Pronunciation[ildasˌkʰa vl̪osˈkʰaːs]
Created byJukethatbox
Date2023
SettingRadael
Native toIlda, Maranösia
EthnicityIlda-Maranösic peoples
Extinct~200 UH
Revival405 BH-412 BH
Yeldhic
  • Ilda-Maranösic
    • Ildaïc
      • Ilda
Early forms
Proto-Yeldhic
  • Proto-Ilda-Maranösic
    • Proto-Ildaïc
Official status
Regulated byZeror Academy
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Ilda(ildaska vloskās, Ilda: [ildasˌkʰa vl̪osˈkʰaːs]) is the equivalent of Ancient Greek in my con-world of Radael.

Most of our knowledge of Ilda comes from surviving literature that was not destroyed by the Moshurian Pillage of Ilda[1], such as Zeror of Ilda's Ildaska Mondenikās[2], which has been invaluable in the reconstruction of the Ildan language, as well as its long-spanning history.

It is part of the Yeldhic superfamily of languages, and most likely developed from Proto-Yeldhic, despite Ilda being located in the Paleoyeldhic strip.

Origin

Much of the Ildan language we know of today was taken from Zeror of Ilda's Ildaska Mondenikās, who wrote the historical compendium in both Moshurian and Ilda, allowing linguists and researchers to decrypt what was written. Additionally, many medical terms in Moshurian originate in Ilda, such as zudözaba from Ildan sudusapās, meaning "tibia". However, not all vocabulary could be retrieved from the Ildaska Mondenikās and other texts alone- so many words are comparatively reconstructed. These reconstructed words are usually taken from other languages such as Moshurian, and are labeled with an *(asterisk) at the beginning of a word.

The language was prominently used within the many empires and city-states that sprung up from Ilda and Maranösia, until Ilda underwent a general Decline and eventually became extinct around 200 UH, by that time little more than a language used ceremonially, and even this was becoming less and less common.

The Ildan language and its syntax, morphology and phonology were still preserved however, by a secret society known as Ildasia[3] who exclusively spoke Ilda, which Zeror of Ilda was part of, having learnt the language from either a friend or his mother[4].

However, when the Moshurians invaded and pillaged Ilda, the majority of the members of Ildasia were suspected as potential rebels against the Moshurian regime, and were thus given the choice of being imprisoned or going into exile. Almost all of Ildasia's documentation, including the original copy of the Ildaska Mondenikās was burned. Zeror, with his knowledge of Moshurian, was able to avoid persecution, and ended up settling in Taráhus, where he secretly rewrote the Ildaska Mondenikās in both Ilda and Moshurian.

Phonology

Orthography

Romanisation

The Ilda romanisation is mostly directly phonetic, although some digraphs, like ⟨sw⟩ and ⟨zw⟩ are pronounced [ʃ] and [ʒ] respectively. Additionally, the symbol ⟨γ⟩ is pronounced [ɣ], and the digraphs ⟨pt⟩ and ⟨bd⟩ are pronounced [ʔt] and [ʔd].

Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Palatal Uvular Glottal
Plosive p b t d k g q ʔ
Nasal m ɱ n ŋ ɲ
Fricative f v θ s z ʃ ʒ ɣ ç h
Lateral Approximant l ʎ

Vowels

Prosody

Stress

In Ilda, stress falls oxytonically, or on the last syllable. However, if a word contains the graph ⟨ā⟩, stress falls on the syllable that contains the ⟨ā⟩.

Phonotactics

Morphophonology

Morphology

Nouns

Almost all nouns in Ilda end in the suffix -as or -ās. This feature comes from Proto-Yeldhic, which used the suffix *-ḗs[5] to denote nouns in the genitive case, although some linguists believe that the genitive suffix was *-sḡa[6], and that instead the Ilda suffix was derived from the Proto-Yeldhic accusative suffix, *-Vḵs.

Cases

Case
Genitive Accusative Dative
Example
dinuγ dinuγāska dinuγāswa iswodinuγ
initās initāska initāswa iswinitās

Ilda has three noun cases- the genitive case, the accusative case and the dative case.

Genitive case

The genitive case is denoted with the suffix -aska/āska, save for the word tāsnaq(meaning "horse"), where instead the prefix o- is used. The suffix most likely comes from the Proto-Yeldhic inset -asẘa-. The prefix o- most likely comes from Proto-Ildaïc, where the prefix ṓ- was used to denote possession of an object[7].

Example: Us otāsnaq uswas(The height of the horse)

Accusative case

The accusative case is indicated with the suffix -aswa or -āswa. It originates in the Proto-Yeldhic suffix *-aʕʷḗ[8], which represented a direct object pronoun.

Example: Kunās irodin us dinuγāswa.(She greeted the dog)

Dative case

The dative case is indicated with the prefix isw-, with the prefix iswo- being used if the root word starts with a consonant. It originates in the Proto-Yeldhic prefix *ʕʷjo-.

Example: Okimet iptim us iswodinuγ.(Okimet gives to the dog)

Syntax

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources

  1. ^ Following the defeat of Ilda at the hands of Moshurian horsemen, said horsemen then pillaged the region(that had been steadily declining until this defeat) in about a week, which Zeror called the evlotāska ogadibakās(Week of Destruction).
  2. ^ The original Ildaska Mondenikās was lost in the Pillage, and thus after Zeror's capture by the Moshurians, he rewrote it in full in both Ildan and Moshurian, allowing linguists to decipher the Ildan language.
  3. ^ Also alternatively spelt Ildaswia or Ildaskaia.
  4. ^ Very few details of Zeror's life is known, although Badoror claimed that Zeror learned the language from Paswasor the Cynic, an acquaintance of his. Other sources, such as Zwumar of Oalan, claimed that Zeror's mother was an L2 speaker of the language.
  5. ^ Derived from Etzeá -oéẕ.
  6. ^ Derived from Burodi -skœ.
  7. ^ This feature is not found in Proto-Yeldhic.
  8. ^ Derived from Maranz -ikhawė and Ancient Ulmic *-(i)qṹwl.