Difference between revisions of "Template:Infobox language/doc"

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{{intricate template}}
 
{{intricate template}}
  
This template is for use in articles about '''[[w:languages|languages]] or [[w:dialects|dialects]]'''. It provides a common standard for displaying data about a language.
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This template is for use in articles about '''[[w:language|language]]s or [[w:dialect|dialect]]s'''. It provides a common standard for displaying data about a language.
  
 
=== Usage ===
 
=== Usage ===
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
{{Infobox language
 
{{Infobox language
|name         = name of language #REQUIRED
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| boxsize          = width of the infobox (default 22em)
|altname       = additional name of the language
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| name             = name of language #REQUIRED
|nativename   = native or a second additional name
+
| altname           = additional name of the language
|pronunciation = IPA pronunciation of the native name
+
| nativename       = native or a second additional name
|states (state) = countries in which it is mainly spoken
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| acceptance        = degree of acceptance of the language by other nations
|region        = geographic region in which it is mainly spoken
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| image            = image at top of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
|latd  = | latm  = | latNS  = <!-- latitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
+
| imagesize        = override default image size (currently 250px). Use units ("123px", "12em")
|longd = | longm = | longEW = <!-- longitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
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| imagealt          = alt text for the image
|ethnicity     = people for whom this is the ethnically native language; also good for the ethnic population if different from the number of speakers
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| imagecaption      = caption to appear under image
              (although the names chosen for the articles on the people and on the language will generally be the same, it may be appropriate to pipe in the native name of the people here)
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| imageheader      = brief header for image (appears in the left-hand column)
|speakers      = {{formatnum:number of native speakers/signers}}
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| pronunciation    = IPA pronunciation of the native name (without slashes or brackets!); preferably narrow transcription
|extinct       = date of extinction, or information about extinction; 'speakers' will not display
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| pronunciation_key = pronunciation key of the languages; defaults to Help:IPA
|era           = era of use of a historical language, such as one that developed into something else; 'speakers' will not display
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| creator          = creator of the language #REQUIRED; if the value is of the form User:xxxxxx, it links automatically to that user
|date         = date of estimate of number of speakers/signers (must start with a 4-digit year)
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| created          = the year of first creation
|ref          = reference for the number of speakers/signers. Appears after the (date) field.
+
| setting          = setting of the language (conworld, Earth country or region, etc.)
|speakers2     = 2nd line (2nd estimate, 2nd country, L2 speakers, etc.)
+
| states            = real or fictional countries or regions in which it is mainly spoken (alias: state=)
|familycolor   = appropriate language family #REQUIRED
+
| ethnicity         = people for whom this is the ethnically native language; also good for the ethnic population if different from the number of speakers
                See table below for list of options. Please do not use other names, as they will not be recognised, and the table will be colored grey.
+
                      (although the names chosen for the articles on the people and on the language will generally be the same, it may be appropriate to
                In most cases, 'familycolor' will trigger a default entry for the 'fam1' field, so that field is not necessary (you can continue will 'fam2'),
+
                      pipe in the native name of the people here)
                but you can override this by entering something under 'fam1'. For areal colors (American, Khoisan, Paleosiberian, etc.), you will be prompted
+
| extinct           = date of extinction, as precise as needed; speakers will not display
                for a 'fam1' entry if you do not provide one. If 'isolate' or 'unclassified' is used, the fam1–xx tree will not display.
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| era               = era of historical use; speakers will not display
|fam1         = the broadest possible widely accepted [[language family]] of which the language is a part
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| speakers         = number of speakers
|fam2         = a more specific sub-family
+
| date              = date of estimate of number of speakers
|...
+
| speakers2         = 2nd line (2nd estimate, 2nd country, L2 speakers, etc.)
|fam15         = most specific sub group
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| revived          = date of attempted or successful language revival
|family       = whatever you want to say; fam1–xx will not display
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| familycolor       = appropriate language family #REQUIRED
|ancestor(2/3) = ancestral or reconstructed forms
+
                      See table below for list of options. Please do not use other names, as they will not be recognised, and the table will be colored
|creator      = name of language creator
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                      grey. In most cases, 'familycolor' will trigger a default entry for the 'fam1' field, so that field is not necessary (you can  
|created      = year of first creation
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                      continue with 'fam2'), but you can override this by entering something under 'fam1'. For areal colors (American, Khoisan,  
|setting      = the use or setting for a created language
+
                      Paleosiberian, etc.), you will be prompted for a 'fam1' entry if you do not provide one. If 'isolate' or 'unclassified' is used, the  
|posteriori   = natural-language sources of a created language
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                      fam1–xx tree will not display.
|dia1          = a primary dialect
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| fam1             = the broadest possible widely accepted language family of which the language is a part
|dia2          = another primary dialect
+
| fam2             = a more specific subfamily
|...             (up to 20)
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| ...
|dialects      = whatever you want to say
+
| fam15             = most specific subgroup
|stand1        = a standardized register
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| family           = whatever you want to say; fam1–xx will not display
|stand2        = a second standardized register
+
| ancestor1        = the earliest known ancestor
|...             (up to 6)
+
| ancestor2        = a later ancestor
|standards    = whatever you want to say
+
| ...                (up to 8)
|script        = the writing system(s) used for the language by literate speakers
+
| posteriori       = natural-language sources
|nation       = list of countries in which it is an official language
+
| stand1            = a standardized register
|minority     = list of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
+
| stand2            = a second standardized register
|agency       = regulatory body or language academy for the language
+
| ...               (up to 6)
|iso1         = the ISO 639-1 code for the language
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| standards        = whatever you want to say
|iso2         = the ISO 639-2 code for the language (not for its family)
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| dia1              = a primary dialect
|iso2b        = the ISO 639-2 bibliographic code
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| dia2              = another primary dialect
|iso2t        =  the ISO 639-2 terminological code
+
| ...                 (up to 20)
|iso3         = the ISO 639-3 code for the language.
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| dialects          = whatever you want to say
                Field will display even if left empty, unless 'lc1' etc. is used.
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| script1          = a writing system used for the language by literate speakers; use standard codes, see Module:scripts/data
                Use 'none' if the language (not dialect) has no iso3 code, and the article will be added to [[:Category:Languages without iso3 codes]].
+
| script2          = another writing system; use standard codes, see Module:scripts/data
                Use 'linglist' if it has an iso3 code, but this is maintained at Linguist List instead of at SIL. Add the code itself under |linglist=
+
| ...                (up to 5)
                (This is not necessary if the SIL page provides its own link to the Linguist List page.)
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| scripts          = override the scriptN list (e.g. if the language has a script without a code); use a bullet list
|iso3comment   = for comments to not interfere with the link  
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| nation           = list of countries in which it is an official language
|lc1          = ISO code of the first dialect (the 'iso3' field will not display if empty and this is included)
+
| minority         = list of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
|ld1          = name of the first language dialect
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| agency           = regulatory body or language academy for the language
|lc2          = ISO code of the second dialect
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| development_body  = development body for the language
|ld2          = name of the second language dialect
+
| iso1             = the ISO 639-1 code for the language
|...            (up to 45)
+
| iso1comment      = for comments to not interfere with the link
|iso6          = the ISO 639-6 code for the language.
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| iso2             = the ISO 639-2 code for the language (not for its family)
|linglist      = a private or local Linguist List ISO 639-3 code or substitute for an ISO code; use xxx-xxx format for dialects.
+
| iso2comment      = for comments to not interfere with the link
                Use for code range qaa–qtz or those involving numerals only; enter other codes under 'iso3' and the reader will be redirected from Ethnologue.
+
| iso3             = the ISO 639-3 code for the language
|lingname      = comment on the Linguist List code or support
+
| iso3comment       = for comments to not interfere with the link
|linglist2/3  = additional Linguist List codes
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| clcr              = Conlang Registry Code for the language
|lingname2/3  = additional comments. (If Linguist List has redundant codes, write to them, and they will likely retire them.)
+
| glotto            = Glottolog code for the language
|lingua        = the Linguasphere code for the language
+
| glottoname        = name of code glotto
|guthrie      = the Guthrie code for Bantu languages
+
| glotto2          = Second Glottolog code for the language
|aiatsis      = the AIATSIS code for Australian languages (linked)
+
| glottoname2      = name of code glotto2
|aiatsis2/3    = additional AIATSIS codes
+
| cws              = ConWorkShop code for the language
|aiatsis(2,3)name = name of code, if not that of the info box, or note to appear after code
+
| ietf              = IETF (BCP 47) code for the language
|image        = image at top of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
+
| brcl              = Brightraven Registry of Constructed Languages code for the language
|imagesize    = override default image size (currently 250px). Use units ("123px", "12em")
+
| map               = image at bottom of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
|imagealt      = alt text for the image
+
| mapsize           = override default map size (currently 350px). Use units ("123px", "12em"). Affects both maps.
|imagecaption  = caption to appear under image
+
| mapalt           = alt text for the map
|imageheader  = brief header for image (appears in the left-hand column)
+
| mapcaption       = caption to appear under map
|map           = image at bottom of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
+
| map2             = a second map
|mapsize       = override default map size (currently 350px). Use units ("123px", "12em"). Affects both maps.
+
| mapalt2           = alt text for the second map
|mapalt       = alt text for the map
+
| mapcaption2       = caption to appear under both mapswidth.)
|mapcaption   = caption to appear under map
+
| notice           = IPA/ipa [adds notice for IPA notation]
|map2         = a second map
 
|mapalt2       = alt text for the second map
 
|mapcaption2   = caption to appear under both maps
 
|boxsize      = overrides default width of infobox, currently set at 22em. Format must include units ("12em" or "123px").
 
                Useful when an article has various infoboxes aligned in a column. (Box will automatically expand to fix map wider than default box width.)
 
|notice       = IPA/ipa [adds notice for IPA notation]
 
|notice        = Indic/indic [adds notice for Indic scripts]
 
|notice        = signnotice [adds links for sign languages]
 
|notice2      = [adds a 2nd notice]
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
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{{Infobox language/quilt|right}}{{clear}}
 
{{Infobox language/quilt|right}}{{clear}}
  
The template should placed at the very top of the wikitext of the article, before any text. The absolute basic syntax is as shown below:
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The template should placed at the very top of the wikitext of the article, before any text. The absolute basic syntax (the required parameters) is as shown below:
:'''<nowiki>{{Infobox language</nowiki>''' ← this calls the template
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; <code><nowiki>{{Infobox language</nowiki></code> ← this calls the template
:'''|name='''name of language ← the name of the language needs to be given
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; {{para|name|req=1}}
:'''|familycolor='''appropriate language family ← refer to the coloured chart to the right (or above, depending on your browser), and type the name shown there; this will add the appropriate family color to the template top. Using "Altaic" or "Caucasian" etc. does *not* result in a claim that the language belongs to that family: think of them as areal codings.
+
: Name of language.
:'''<nowiki>}}</nowiki>''' ← this ends the template call
+
; {{para|familycolor|req=1}}
 +
: Appropriate language family. Refer to the coloured chart to the right (or above, depending on your browser), and type the name shown there; this will add the appropriate family color to the template top. Using "Altaic" or "Caucasian" etc. does ''not'' result in a claim that the language belongs to that family: think of them as areal codings.
 +
; {{para|creator|req=1}}
 +
: Name of language creator. To link to a Linguifex user, use <code>User:xxxx</code>, where <code>xxxx</code> is the username
 +
; <code><nowiki>}}</nowiki></code> ← this ends the template call
  
 
However, you will probably want to add more than just this. Other parameters are listed below, they can be incorporated anywhere between the first and last lines, and in any order.
 
However, you will probably want to add more than just this. Other parameters are listed below, they can be incorporated anywhere between the first and last lines, and in any order.
Line 112: Line 107:
  
 
There are several more parameters that can be defined between the opening and closing lines. These are:
 
There are several more parameters that can be defined between the opening and closing lines. These are:
:'''|altname='''additional name of the language [not every one, but one a reader would be likely to look for]
+
; {{para|altname}}
:'''|nativename='''native name, or a second alternative name [most cases as of 2012 not actually the native name]
+
: Additional name of the language [not every one, but one a reader would be likely to look for]
:'''|states='''countries in which it is mainly spoken (multigenerational communities) ← you do not have to define both this and '''region'''. Do not use flag icons except for national or official status ([[WP:INFOBOXFLAG]]).
+
; {{para|nativename}}
:'''|region='''geographic region in which it is mainly spoken ← you do not have to define both this and '''states'''; use this parameter for a single statement about geographic distribution. It is not for the broader region where the states are located, but rather the regions within the country, or across countries, where it is spoken. (That is, do not add SE Asia if we state it's in Laos, or West Africa if we state it's in Mali.)
+
: Autoglossonym, or native name (i.e. name of the language in the language).
:'''|speakers='''the number of native speakers of the language. If unknown, enter ?and do not enter NA for the date. If no native speakers, enter ⟨none⟩. Otherwise, if no date is supplied, ''missing date'' will be displayed.
+
; {{para|states}}
:'''|date='''the date of publication of the estimate of the number of speakers.
+
: Countries in which it is mainly spoken (multigenerational communities).
::Used for calculations for obsolete data, so needs to start with a 4-digit year. Exception: If ⟨NA⟩ is entered, nothing will display. If ⟨no date⟩ is entered, "no date" will display.
+
; {{para|speakers}}
::Articles with old dates (currently ≥ 30 years) appear in [[:Category:Language articles with old speaker data]].
+
: The number of native speakers of the language. If unknown, enter <code>?</code> and do not enter <code>NA</code> for the date. If no native speakers, enter <code>none</code>. Otherwise, if no date is supplied, ''missing date'' will be displayed.
:'''|ref='''reference for the speaker data.
+
; {{para|date}}
::If ⟨e16⟩ is entered, this will automatically generate a reference to the ''Ethnologue'' 16 article that bears the ISO 639-3 code entered at 'iso3'.
+
: The date of publication of the estimate of the number of speakers. If <code>NA</code> is entered, nothing will display. If <code>no date</code> is entered, "no date" will display.
::To link to the auto-generated reference from elsewhere in the article, use <code><nowiki><ref name=e16/></nowiki></code>.
+
; {{para|speakers2}}
::⟨e15⟩ and <code><nowiki><ref name=e15/></nowiki></code> can be used to ref the 15th edition, for example for extinct languages which are no longer supported.
+
: A second line for speaker data, such as L2 speakers, appearing after the date. If this is a second line of L1 speakers, it should be arranged so that, if there are two dates cited, the oldest appears in the date parameter, for automated update calculations. Data from different countries should not be added together if they are not comparable: say if one is from 1973 and another from 2006, or if one is rounded to the nearest million and another is on the order of 10,000.
:'''|speakers2='''a 2nd line for speaker data, such as L2 speakers, appearing after the date.
+
; {{para|iso1}}
::If this is a second line of L1 speakers, it should be arranged so that, if there are two dates cited, the oldest appears in the date parameter, for automated update calculations. Data from different countries should not be added together if they are not comparable: say if one is from 1973 and another from 2006, or if one is rounded to the nearest million and another is on the order of 10,000.
+
: The [[w:ISO 639-1|ISO 639-1]] code for the language. Please do not use if your language does not really have an ISO code.
:'''|iso1='''the [[ISO 639-1]] code for the language
+
; {{para|iso2}}
:'''|iso2='''the [[ISO 639-2]] code for the language; creates a link to the ISO page ← see just hereafter for the situation where a language has two ISO 639-2 codes
+
: The [[w:ISO 639-2|ISO 639-2]] code for the language.
:'''|iso3='''the [[ISO 639-3]] code for the language; creates a link to the ISO page ← see [[#Language with more than one ISO 639-3 code|below]] for the situation where multiple ISO 639-3 codes apply; if there is no ISO 639-3 code, set '''iso3=none''' to return the text ''none'' and add the article to a list of uncoded languages (if '''iso3comment''' is also used, that will display in place of ''none'')
+
; {{para|iso3}}
::Only iso3 will appear (with a dash) if the code is omitted. If a language has two [[ISO 639-2]] codes, one will be defined as the ''bibliographic'' code, and the other ''terminological''. These can be added in separate fields using the following parameters:
+
: The [[w:ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] code for the language.
:'''|iso2b='''the [[ISO 639-2]] bibliographic code
+
; {{para|clcr}}
:'''|iso2t='''the [[ISO 639-2]] terminological code
+
: The [https://www.kreativekorp.com/clcr/ ConLang Code Registry] code for the language.
:'''|lingua='''the [[Linguasphere]] code for the language
+
; {{para|brcl}}
:'''|linglist(2,3)='''the [[Linguist List]] code(s) for the language. May be a proper ISO code maintained at Linguist List, or a local non-ISO code; creates a link to the Linguist List page.
+
: The [https://registry.brightraven.eu/index.html Brightraven Registry of Constructed languages] code for the language.
:'''|lingname(2,3)='''the Linguist List name for the language, or other comment
+
; {{para|glotto}}
:'''|guthrie='''the [[Guthrie classification of Bantu languages|Guthrie]] code for Bantu languages. Generates a reference which can be accessed via name="Guthrie".
+
: The [[w:Glottolog|Glottolog]] code for the language.
:'''|aiatsis(2,3)='''the [[AIATSIS]] code(s) for Australian languages. Generates a reference which can be accessed via name="AIATSIS".
+
; <code>etc.</code>
:'''|aiatsis(2,3)name='''the AIATSIS name, if different from the entry at |name=.
 
  
 
=== Genetic classification ===
 
=== Genetic classification ===
  
You can use the language template to show the [[language family|genetic classification]] of a language at a glance. This classification is displayed as a descending staircase of language families, from the broadest to the most specific. To add the genetic classification use the following:
+
You can use the language template to show the [[w:language family|genetic classification]] of a language at a glance. This classification is displayed as a descending staircase of language families, from the broadest to the most specific. To add the genetic classification use the following:
:'''|fam1='''the broadest possible widely accepted [[language family]] of which the language is a part ← if this would be exactly the same as you have defined for '''familycolor''', it may be omitted
+
; {{para|fam1}}
:'''|fam2='''a more specific sub-family
+
: The broadest possible widely accepted [[w:language family|language family]] of which the language is a part. If this would be exactly the same as you have defined for {{para|familycolor}}, it may be omitted
:'''|fam3='''a more specific group
+
; {{para|fam2}}
 +
: A more specific sub-family
 +
; {{para|fam3}}
 +
: A more specific group
  
You can keep adding parameters in like fashion until you have completed the classification. If you would prefer to enter some other information in this box (for example, ''disputed''), use this parameter instead:
+
You can keep adding parameters in like fashion until you have completed the classification (or 15 subclasses). If you would prefer to enter some other information in this box (for example, ''disputed''), use this parameter instead:
:'''|family='''whatever you want to say (sequesters the repetition of the name of the language)
+
; {{para|family}}
 +
: Whatever you want to say (sequesters the repetition of the name of the language)
  
:'''|ancestor='''an ancestral form, such as Old English or Proto-Basque
+
; {{para|ancestorN}}
:'''|ancestor2/3='''intermediate ancestral forms, such as Middle English or Aquitanian
+
: An ancestral form, such as Old English or Proto-Basque, N being 1-8.
These may be useful when we have an article on these forms, or when they have been assigned ISO codes.
 
  
 
=== Optional parameters ===
 
=== Optional parameters ===
  
 
Some parts of the template remain invisible unless they are specifically called. Only use these parameters if they are required.
 
Some parts of the template remain invisible unless they are specifically called. Only use these parameters if they are required.
:'''|fontcolor='''colour of font against 'familycolor' ← the font colour is usually black, use this to change it if it is difficult to read
 
:'''|pronunciation='''pronunciation of the native name of the language in [[International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]] → remember to enclose the transcription in an IPA template such as {{tl|IPA-all}}
 
:'''|nation='''list of countries in which it is an official language
 
:'''|minority='''list of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
 
:'''|agency='''regulatory body or language academy for the language
 
:'''|extinct='''date of extinction, or information about extinction ← this replaces '''speakers'''
 
:'''|era='''era of use of an ancestral form of a language ← this replaces '''speakers'''
 
:'''|script='''writing system(s) used to represent the language ← in the form ''script (instantiation)'', such as "[[Latin script|Latin]] ([[English alphabet]])"<br/>(Common variants of "Latin (alphabet)" redirect to [[Latin script]]. For the [[Latin alphabet]] itself, add an element such as <code>&amp;nbsp;</code>.)
 
  
=== Language with more than one ISO 639-3 code ===
+
; {{para|pronunciation}}
 
+
: Pronunciation of the native name of the language in [[w:International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]]. There is no need to use {{tl|IPA-all}} or transcription identifiers (narrow or broad), as this is handled automatically
Some languages have a number of [[ISO 639-3]] codes, one for each dialect of that language. If you try putting all of these codes in the usual '''iso3=''' parameter, it will get quite messy. Instead, use the following parameters:
+
; {{para|nation}}
:'''|lc1='''language code of the first dialect
+
: List of countries in which it is an official language
:'''|ld1='''name of the first language dialect
+
; {{para|minority}}
 
+
: List of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
For subsequent dialects, use '''lc2''' and so forth. Lc entries will be automatically linked to the ''Ethnologue'' site. Wikipedia articles on the dialects may be linked from the ld entries..
+
; {{para|agency}}
 
+
: Regulatory body or language academy for the language
For languages with an [[ISO 639-3 macrolanguage]] code and several individual codes, use '''iso3''' for the macrolanguage and '''lc''n''''', '''ld''n''''' for the individual codes.
+
; {{para|extinct}}
 
+
: Date of extinction, or information about extinction. This replaces {{para|speakers}}
=== Constructed languages ===
+
; {{para|era}}
 
+
: Era of use of an ancestral form of a language. This replaces {{para|speakers}}
This template is appropriate to use for [[constructed languages]]. The following parameters can be used:
+
; {{para|scriptN}}
:'''|creator='''name of language creator
+
: Writing system(s) used to represent the language, N being 1-5. Use international codes; the list in [[Module:scripts/data]] can be used as reference.
:'''|created='''year of first creation
+
; {{para|scripts}}
:'''|setting='''the use or setting for the language
+
: If the language uses a script without a code, use this parameter with a bullet list
:'''|posteriori='''natural-language sources
+
; {{para|created}}
 
+
: Year of first creation
Using these parameters, or setting '''familycolor=Conlang''', automatically sets the coloured bars of the infobox to {{code|{{Infobox language/family-color|Conlang}}}} background with white fonts, and removes the '''states''' and '''region''' parameters from use ('''nation''' is also disabled). If the '''iso2''' parameter is left undefined, it is treated as being '''iso2=art'''. For conlangs, the '''family''' or '''fam''n''''' parameters are used to describe the hierarchy of purpose of the language, whereas '''posteriori''' is used to describe the ''a posteriori'' sources on which the conlang draws.
+
; {{para|setting}}
 +
: The use or setting for the language.
 +
; {{para|posteriori}}
 +
: Natural-language sources
  
 
=== Images in the template ===
 
=== Images in the template ===
  
 
You cannot put large images into the language template: they just make it very messy. You can place a small image at the top of the template using the following parameters:
 
You cannot put large images into the language template: they just make it very messy. You can place a small image at the top of the template using the following parameters:
:'''|image='''image name.png
+
; {{para|image}}
:'''|imagesize='''200px ← overrides the default image size
+
: Do not specify the namespace <code>File:</code> or link to the file. Image name with file format: <code>Example.png</code>
:'''|imagealt='''alt text
+
; {{para|imagesize}}
:'''|imagecaption='''caption
+
: Image size, defaults to 200px. If other values are used, please specify the units
:'''|imageheader='''very simple description of image ('logo', 'map', 'script', etc.) ← this is placed in the left-hand column, and so needs to be short
+
; {{para|imagealt}}
 +
: Alt text
 +
; {{para|imagecaption}}
 +
: Caption
 +
; {{para|imageheader}}
 +
: Very simple description of image ('logo', 'map', 'script', etc.). This is placed in the left-hand column, and so needs to be short
  
 
If you have a slightly larger image or two, such as a map, you can place at the bottom of the template, spanning both columns, with the following parameter:
 
If you have a slightly larger image or two, such as a map, you can place at the bottom of the template, spanning both columns, with the following parameter:
:'''|map(2)='''image name.png
+
; {{para|map(2)}}
:'''|mapsize='''300px ← overrides the default image size
+
: In the same fashion as {{para|image}}
:'''|mapalt(2)='''alt text
+
; {{para|mapsize}}
:'''|mapcaption(2)='''caption
+
: Image size, defaults to 300px. If other values are used, please specify the units
 +
; {{para|mapalt(2)}}
 +
: Alt text
 +
; {{para|mapcaption(2)}}
 +
: Caption
  
The [[WP:EIS|usual image markup]] applies for both images. [[Alt text]] is for visually impaired readers, and the [[WP:CAPTION|caption]] is for all readers; typically they should have little in common (see [[WP:ALT]]).
+
The [[w:WP:EIS|usual image markup]] applies for both images. [[w:Alt text|Alt text]] is for visually impaired readers, and the [[w:WP:CAPTION|caption]] is for all readers; typically they should have little in common (see [[w:WP:ALT|WP:ALT]]).
  
 
=== Footer notice ===
 
=== Footer notice ===
 
A notice or notices may be placed at the bottom of the infobox:
 
A notice or notices may be placed at the bottom of the infobox:
:'''|notice(2)=ipa''' ← places a notice about the [[Unicode]] fonts used for displaying [[International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]]
+
; {{para|notice|ipa}}
:'''|notice(2)=signnotice''' ← adds various links for [[sign language]]s
+
This places a notice about the [[w:Unicode|Unicode]] fonts used for displaying [[w:International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]]
:'''|notice(2)=Indic''' ← places a notice about Indic-font support
 
  
 
=== Sub-templates ===
 
=== Sub-templates ===
# [[:Template:Infobox language/codelist]]
+
# [[Template:Infobox language/codelist]]
# [[:Template:Infobox language/family-color]]
+
# [[Template:Infobox language/family-color]]
# [[:Template:Infobox language/genetic]]
+
# [[Template:Infobox language/genetic]]
# [[:Template:Infobox language/linguistlist]]
+
# [[Template:Infobox language/quilt]]
# [[:Template:Infobox language/ref]]
 
# [[:Template:Infobox language/quilt]]
 
# [[:Template:Infobox language/IPA notice]]
 
# [[:Template:Infobox language/Indic]]
 
# [[:Template:Infobox language/signnotice]]
 
  
 
=== Error-tracking categories ===
 
=== Error-tracking categories ===
With 5,000 articles, manual review is insufficient. The following automating tracking categories should catch some of the more common errors. They also produce lists of articles that should be reviewed occasionally, because they lack population data or the data is dated.
 
 
;ISO support
 
* [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code]] – [iso3=] is set to 'none', as it is not (yet) included in ISO. May have other codes.
 
** [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code]] (subcat: most conlangs do not qualify for ISO)
 
** [[:Category:Nonexistent E16 links]] (setting [iso3=none] and [ref=e16] generates an invalid reference)
 
* [[:Category:Languages without language codes]] – no language code, but not specifically excluded from ISO with [iso3=none] (appropriate for dialects of ISO languages, for proto-languages, etc.)
 
** [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code but with Linguist List code]] (subcat: LingList codes some dialects with sub-ISO codes as "xxx-yyy")
 
** [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code but with Linguasphere code]]
 
** [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code but with AIATSIS code]]
 
** [[:Category:Languages without ISO 639-3 code but with Guthrie code]]
 
* [[:Category:Languages which need ISO 639-3 comment]] – triggered by [lc1=] without [lc2=] (once used as a way to provide comments)
 
 
;Speaker and date issues
 
* [[:Category:Language articles without speaker estimate]] – no entry under [speakers=], and not extinct, a sign language, or a conlang
 
* [[:Category:Language articles with invalid population dates]] – entry error at [date=] (anything other than a 4-digit number at start)
 
* [[:Category:Language articles with speaker number undated]] – no entry at [date=]
 
** [[:Category:Language articles with 'no date' set]] – [date=no date], used when the source lacks a date
 
** [[:Category:Language articles with NA population dates]] – [date=NA], used when a date does not apply
 
* [[:Category:Language articles with old speaker data]] (currently set to > 30 years)
 
 
;Classification
 
* [[:Category:Language articles with spurious family]] (generally because [fam1=] is autofilled from [familycolor] to 'American', 'Australian', 'Papuan', 'Khoisan', 'Caucasian', 'Andamanese', or 'Paleosiberian')
 
 
* [[:Category:Languages without family color codes]] – no or invalid familycolor
 
* [[:Category:Languages without family color codes]] – no or invalid familycolor
* [[:Category:Languages without classification]] – family displayed as 'unknown' (sometimes triggered by SLs or conlangs)
 
 
;Other
 
* [[:Category:Language articles needing infoboxes]] (manual cat: switch of if you judge the article does not need one)
 
* [[:Category:Ill-formatted infobox-language images]] – images need to be stripped of external file formatting
 
* [[:Category:Language articles with unsupported infobox fields]] (detects only specified errors, primarily 'caption' for image/map caption)
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
* [[:Template:Infobox language family]]
+
* [[Template:Infobox language family]]
 
<includeonly>
 
<includeonly>
 
<!-- CATEGORIES AND INTERWIKIS HERE, THANKS -->
 
<!-- CATEGORIES AND INTERWIKIS HERE, THANKS -->

Latest revision as of 16:43, 5 July 2021

This template is for use in articles about languages or dialects. It provides a common standard for displaying data about a language.

Usage

{{Infobox language
| boxsize           = width of the infobox (default 22em)
| name              = name of language #REQUIRED
| altname           = additional name of the language
| nativename        = native or a second additional name
| acceptance        = degree of acceptance of the language by other nations
| image             = image at top of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
| imagesize         = override default image size (currently 250px). Use units ("123px", "12em")
| imagealt          = alt text for the image
| imagecaption      = caption to appear under image
| imageheader       = brief header for image (appears in the left-hand column)
| pronunciation     = IPA pronunciation of the native name (without slashes or brackets!); preferably narrow transcription
| pronunciation_key = pronunciation key of the languages; defaults to Help:IPA
| creator           = creator of the language #REQUIRED; if the value is of the form User:xxxxxx, it links automatically to that user
| created           = the year of first creation
| setting           = setting of the language (conworld, Earth country or region, etc.)
| states            = real or fictional countries or regions in which it is mainly spoken (alias: state=)
| ethnicity         = people for whom this is the ethnically native language; also good for the ethnic population if different from the number of speakers
                      (although the names chosen for the articles on the people and on the language will generally be the same, it may be appropriate to
                      pipe in the native name of the people here)
| extinct           = date of extinction, as precise as needed; speakers will not display
| era               = era of historical use; speakers will not display
| speakers          = number of speakers
| date              = date of estimate of number of speakers
| speakers2         = 2nd line (2nd estimate, 2nd country, L2 speakers, etc.)
| revived           = date of attempted or successful language revival
| familycolor       = appropriate language family #REQUIRED
                      See table below for list of options. Please do not use other names, as they will not be recognised, and the table will be colored
                      grey. In most cases, 'familycolor' will trigger a default entry for the 'fam1' field, so that field is not necessary (you can 
                      continue with 'fam2'), but you can override this by entering something under 'fam1'. For areal colors (American, Khoisan, 
                      Paleosiberian, etc.), you will be prompted for a 'fam1' entry if you do not provide one. If 'isolate' or 'unclassified' is used, the 
                      fam1–xx tree will not display.
| fam1              = the broadest possible widely accepted language family of which the language is a part
| fam2              = a more specific subfamily
| ...
| fam15             = most specific subgroup
| family            = whatever you want to say; fam1–xx will not display
| ancestor1         = the earliest known ancestor
| ancestor2         = a later ancestor
| ...                 (up to 8)
| posteriori        = natural-language sources
| stand1            = a standardized register
| stand2            = a second standardized register
| ...                (up to 6)
| standards         = whatever you want to say
| dia1              = a primary dialect
| dia2              = another primary dialect
| ...                 (up to 20)
| dialects          = whatever you want to say
| script1           = a writing system used for the language by literate speakers; use standard codes, see Module:scripts/data
| script2           = another writing system; use standard codes, see Module:scripts/data
| ...                 (up to 5)
| scripts           = override the scriptN list (e.g. if the language has a script without a code); use a bullet list
| nation            = list of countries in which it is an official language
| minority          = list of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
| agency            = regulatory body or language academy for the language
| development_body  = development body for the language
| iso1              = the ISO 639-1 code for the language
| iso1comment       = for comments to not interfere with the link
| iso2              = the ISO 639-2 code for the language (not for its family)
| iso2comment       = for comments to not interfere with the link
| iso3              = the ISO 639-3 code for the language
| iso3comment       = for comments to not interfere with the link
| clcr              = Conlang Registry Code for the language
| glotto            = Glottolog code for the language
| glottoname        = name of code glotto
| glotto2           = Second Glottolog code for the language
| glottoname2       = name of code glotto2
| cws               = ConWorkShop code for the language
| ietf              = IETF (BCP 47) code for the language
| brcl              = Brightraven Registry of Constructed Languages code for the language
| map               = image at bottom of info box. Use format "image name.png", without "file/image" or brackets.
| mapsize           = override default map size (currently 350px). Use units ("123px", "12em"). Affects both maps.
| mapalt            = alt text for the map
| mapcaption        = caption to appear under map
| map2              = a second map
| mapalt2           = alt text for the second map
| mapcaption2       = caption to appear under both mapswidth.)
| notice            = IPA/ipa [adds notice for IPA notation]
}}

Placement

The template should placed at the very top of the wikitext of the article, before any text. The absolute basic syntax (the required parameters) is as shown below:

{{Infobox language ← this calls the template
|name=
Name of language.
|familycolor=
Appropriate language family. Refer to the coloured chart to the right (or above, depending on your browser), and type the name shown there; this will add the appropriate family color to the template top. Using "Altaic" or "Caucasian" etc. does not result in a claim that the language belongs to that family: think of them as areal codings.
|creator=
Name of language creator. To link to a Linguifex user, use User:xxxx, where xxxx is the username
}} ← this ends the template call

However, you will probably want to add more than just this. Other parameters are listed below, they can be incorporated anywhere between the first and last lines, and in any order.

Additional parameters

There are several more parameters that can be defined between the opening and closing lines. These are:

|altname=
Additional name of the language [not every one, but one a reader would be likely to look for]
|nativename=
Autoglossonym, or native name (i.e. name of the language in the language).
|states=
Countries in which it is mainly spoken (multigenerational communities).
|speakers=
The number of native speakers of the language. If unknown, enter ? and do not enter NA for the date. If no native speakers, enter none. Otherwise, if no date is supplied, missing date will be displayed.
|date=
The date of publication of the estimate of the number of speakers. If NA is entered, nothing will display. If no date is entered, "no date" will display.
|speakers2=
A second line for speaker data, such as L2 speakers, appearing after the date. If this is a second line of L1 speakers, it should be arranged so that, if there are two dates cited, the oldest appears in the date parameter, for automated update calculations. Data from different countries should not be added together if they are not comparable: say if one is from 1973 and another from 2006, or if one is rounded to the nearest million and another is on the order of 10,000.
|iso1=
The ISO 639-1 code for the language. Please do not use if your language does not really have an ISO code.
|iso2=
The ISO 639-2 code for the language.
|iso3=
The ISO 639-3 code for the language.
|clcr=
The ConLang Code Registry code for the language.
|brcl=
The Brightraven Registry of Constructed languages code for the language.
|glotto=
The Glottolog code for the language.
etc.

Genetic classification

You can use the language template to show the genetic classification of a language at a glance. This classification is displayed as a descending staircase of language families, from the broadest to the most specific. To add the genetic classification use the following:

|fam1=
The broadest possible widely accepted language family of which the language is a part. If this would be exactly the same as you have defined for |familycolor=, it may be omitted
|fam2=
A more specific sub-family
|fam3=
A more specific group

You can keep adding parameters in like fashion until you have completed the classification (or 15 subclasses). If you would prefer to enter some other information in this box (for example, disputed), use this parameter instead:

|family=
Whatever you want to say (sequesters the repetition of the name of the language)
|ancestorN=
An ancestral form, such as Old English or Proto-Basque, N being 1-8.

Optional parameters

Some parts of the template remain invisible unless they are specifically called. Only use these parameters if they are required.

|pronunciation=
Pronunciation of the native name of the language in IPA. There is no need to use {{IPA-all}} or transcription identifiers (narrow or broad), as this is handled automatically
|nation=
List of countries in which it is an official language
|minority=
List of countries in which it is a recognised minority language
|agency=
Regulatory body or language academy for the language
|extinct=
Date of extinction, or information about extinction. This replaces |speakers=
|era=
Era of use of an ancestral form of a language. This replaces |speakers=
|scriptN=
Writing system(s) used to represent the language, N being 1-5. Use international codes; the list in Module:scripts/data can be used as reference.
|scripts=
If the language uses a script without a code, use this parameter with a bullet list
|created=
Year of first creation
|setting=
The use or setting for the language.
|posteriori=
Natural-language sources

Images in the template

You cannot put large images into the language template: they just make it very messy. You can place a small image at the top of the template using the following parameters:

|image=
Do not specify the namespace File: or link to the file. Image name with file format: Example.png
|imagesize=
Image size, defaults to 200px. If other values are used, please specify the units
|imagealt=
Alt text
|imagecaption=
Caption
|imageheader=
Very simple description of image ('logo', 'map', 'script', etc.). This is placed in the left-hand column, and so needs to be short

If you have a slightly larger image or two, such as a map, you can place at the bottom of the template, spanning both columns, with the following parameter:

|map(2)=
In the same fashion as |image=
|mapsize=
Image size, defaults to 300px. If other values are used, please specify the units
|mapalt(2)=
Alt text
|mapcaption(2)=
Caption

The usual image markup applies for both images. Alt text is for visually impaired readers, and the caption is for all readers; typically they should have little in common (see WP:ALT).

Footer notice

A notice or notices may be placed at the bottom of the infobox:

|notice=ipa

This places a notice about the Unicode fonts used for displaying IPA

Sub-templates

  1. Template:Infobox language/codelist
  2. Template:Infobox language/family-color
  3. Template:Infobox language/genetic
  4. Template:Infobox language/quilt

Error-tracking categories

See also