Belter Creole

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Belter Creole
lang belta
Pronunciation[laŋg ˈbælta]
Created byNick Farmer
SettingThe Expanse
Native toThe Belt
SourcesRomance languages, Slavic languages, Germanic languages, Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, Hebrew, Zulu
Official status
Regulated byNick Farmer
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Belter Creole(lang belta), aka Belter is a constructed language created by Nick Farmer for The Expanse sci-fi book and TV series. It was made as an English creole, but its lexical base has features of Romance languages, Germanic languages and Slavic languages, as well as languages like Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, Hebrew and Zulu.

Belter has various accents and dialects due to the immense cultural diversity of the Belt's inhabitants. According to Nick Farmer himself, the dialect used in the TV show is the Ceres dialect.

Novel version

There is a distinction between the language made by Nick Farmer for the TV series and the language created by James S.A. Corey in the The Expanse novel series. In the novels, the language is presented as more of an English dialect "to give the reader a sense of being excluded from [the] culture". It has no developed phonology, morphology and syntax, and instead mixes vocabulary from various languages spoken on Earth, including English, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Estonian, Esperanto, French, Korean, Chinese, Hungarian, Japanese, Polish, Dutch, Arabic, Catalan, Italian, Serbo-Croatian, Russian and Turkish.

The novel language is also not internally consistent, for example the words la[1], na[2] and ne[3] all mean "no", while gato[4] and aituma[5] both mean "thank you".

Tu run spin, pow, Schlauch tu way acima and ido.
Go spinward to the tube station, which will take you back to the docks.



Although all of Belter Creole's appearances(both in and out of the series) have been written in the Latin script, Farmer claims that the language can be written in other writing systems as well.


Nick Farmer's alphabet
Majuscule A B C D E F G I K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z
Minuscule a b c d e f g i k l m n o p r s t u v w x y z


Labial Labiodental Dental/
Velar Labial-velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d  k ɡ
Fricative s z f v ʃ x
Approximant j w
Lateral l
Flap ɾ

Digraphs: t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ.


Front Back
Close i u
Near-open æ
Open a ɒ
Nasalised vowels
Front Back
Near-open æ̃
Open ã



In Belter, different than usual stress is indicated with an acute accent on a vowel, e.g. ámolof([ˈamolof]), meaning "love". Vowels that can appear with acute accents are ⟨á⟩, ⟨é⟩, ⟨ó⟩ and ⟨ú⟩, although in general stress is placed on the penultimate syllable of a word.




See also: Belter Creole/Swadesh list.


There are two Belter particles: indefinite wa and definite da.


Personal pronouns

Singular Plural
First mi milowda
Second to tolowda
Third im imalowda/imim


In Belter, questions are formed by adding ke at the end of a statement, e.g. To showxa lang belta(You speak Belter) and To showxa lang belta, ke?(Do you speak Belter?). Additionally, keyá means "isn't it", so if one wanted to say "You speak Belter, right?" it would be To showxa lang belta, keyá?

Belter also uses the zero copula feature, e.g. mi nadzhush means "I am tired", although a literal translation would simply be "I tired".

Constituent order

Belter uses a SVO(subject-verb-object) sentence structure, e.g. To showxa lang belta(You speak Belter). In that sentence, To is the subject, showxa is the verb, and lang belta is the object.

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Article 1 of the UDHR in Belter Creole:

Kowl mang fong beref im im ferí unte eka [...]. Imalowda pensa unte sensa we gut unte we mal. Unte im mogut fo manting du wit sif asilik beratna unte sésata.

English translation:

All human beings are born free and equal [...]. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Other resources

  1. ^ From Arabic لا(laa)
  2. ^ From English nah
  3. ^ From Serbo-Croatian не(ne)
  4. ^ From Japanese ありがとう(arigatou).
  5. ^ From Estonian aitäh