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Alternative forms

ugni - in Western and most Central dialects


From Old Pomorian ugnis/ungnis, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ugnis (earlier *ungnis, which blocked Winter's law in the word, but later the first -n- has been lost due to dissimilation). Compare to Lithuanian ugnis, Latvian uguns (from earlier *ugunis) Proto-Slavic *ognjь, Sudovian wungnis (“blacksmith's fire”). From Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis, compare to Latin ignis, Sanskrit अग्नि (agní).

A form with Winter's law applied is also present in Pomorian (ūgne, which means hearth, fireplace) and Proto-Slavic (*vygъnjь - forge, hearth). This means that -n- drop happened very early in Proto-Balto-Slavic and was restored in some dialects of Old Pomorian afterwards.


/ʊ̃g.ˈnɪ̀/ File:Ųgni.ogv


ųgnì f 2nd declension

  1. fire, group of flames
    arzdegti ųgnį - to start fire
    ųgni svyťe - fire glows
    uztepti ųgniją - to warm up by fire
    lėni ųgni - slow fire (small flame)
    ųgni vėkoja - eternal fire
    ųgni olimpiskoja - Olympic fire
  2. (figuratively) passion, strong enthusiasm
    ųgniakrūje - passionate (fire blooded)
    įti dauhųgni - to have an enthusiasm
    revolucijo ųgni - spirit of revolution
  3. shooting with firearms
    uptverti ųgni - to start shooting (to open fire)