Haoli

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Haoli
Haoli
Pronunciation [ha.ɔ.li]
Created by iancgil
Language family
Proto-Xawlih
  • Xawlih
    • Haoli
Writing system Haoað Ghoaþ Alpha-syllabary
ISO 639-3

Introduction

Haoli is the language spoken by the Haonai.

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive Normal voiceless p /p/ t /t/ k /k/
voiced d /d/ g /g/
Ejective voiceless pp /pʼ/ tt /tʼ/ kk /kʼ/
voiced dd /dʼ/ gg /gʼ/
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ nj /ɲ/ nh /ŋ/
Trill Normal r /r/
Aspirated rh /rʰ/
Fricative Normal voiceless f /f/ þ /θ/ s /s/ c /ʃ/ h /h/
voiced mh /β/ ð /ð/ gh /ɣ/
Lengthened voiceless ff /fː/ ss /sː/
voiced vv /vː/
Aspirated vh /vʰ/
Lateral Fricative lh /ɬ/
Approximant j /j/
Lateral Approximant l /l/

Vowels

Front Back
Close short i /i/
long ii/ī /iː/
Open-Mid short e /ɛ/ u /œ/ o /ɔ/
long ee/ē /ɛː/ uu/ū /œː/ oo/ō /ɔː/
Open short a /a/
long aa/ā /aː/

Phonotactics

Orthography

Native Orthography

Morphology

Nouns

Haoli Nouns decline for case, gender, and number.

Gender

Gender in Haoli pertains to how the plural is formed as well as how it is declined. Haoli articles do have gender agreement with the constituent noun. Haoli has three genders: neuter, feminine, and masculine.

Plurals

Haoli plurals are formed by suffixes or ablaut.

Pronouns

Pronouns
Person Neuter Feminine Masculine
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
First Person iani ianifen iane ianefen iana ianafen
Second Person kasi kasifen kase kasefen kasa kasafen
Third Person edi edifen ede edefen eda edafen

Declension

Basic Cases

  • Nominative
  • Accusative
  • Dative
  • Malefactive
  • Adverbial
  • Vocative
  • Contrastive
  • Genitive

Oblique Cases

  • Translative
  • Exessive
  • Essive
  • Instrumental
  • Prolative

Locative Cases

Internal

  • Innesive
  • Hyperessive
  • Illative
  • Hyperlative
  • Elative
  • Hyper-elative
  • Supraperlative
  • Hyperlative
  • Perlative

Traversal

  • Lative
  • Superlative
  • Prosecutive
  • Terminative

Exodal

  • Ablative
  • Antessive
  • Delative
  • Eblative

Relational

  • Superessive
  • Supraessive
  • Comitative
  • Pertingent
  • Apudessive
  • Enclosive
  • Forbative
  • Locative
  • Bative
  • Transversive
  • Circumfrentive
  • Situative
  • Abessive
  • Intrative
  • Subessive

Temporal Cases

  • Temporal
  • Temporal-lative
  • Temporal-hyper-transversive
  • Temporal-terminative
  • Temporal-hyperbative

Articles

Articles
Gender Article Singular Plural
Neuter Definite von vono
Indefinite lhon lhono
Feminine Definite ven vene
Indefinite lhen lhene
Masculine Definite vun vunu
Indefinite lhun lhunu

Verbs

Haoli Verbs conjugate for tense and mood.

Negation

Haoli uses the circumposition ro VERB an.

Example:
The flower is not black.
Ro eiþi an asti veti.

Tense

  • Present
  • Imperfect
  • Future
  • Pluperfect

Mood

  • Indicative
  • Interrogative
  • Subjunctive
  • Conditional
  • Imperative
  • Jussive
  • Opative
  • Quotative

Pre-Affixal Clitic Conjunctions

  • aja – or
  • isjo - so
  • je – and
  • jia – for
  • jue – but
  • laja – nor
  • ajsi – than
  • nho - that
  • mho - yet

Examples:
He listened and pondered.
Kroai je'ajatoe kasa.

Syntax

Word Order Taturuc

Modifier Order

The Basic Forms
Tatur English Translation Word Order
Vun Pituð Tatur The Elegant Form Preceding Modifier
Vun Rasuð Tatur The Common Form Proceeding Modifier

Examples:

Vun Pituð Tatur

Vun Rasuð Tatur

Sentence Order

Tatur English Translation Word Order
Vun Hauluð Tatur The Symmetric Form V-O-S-CONJ-S-O-V
Vun Isatuð Tatur The Egocentric/Dominant/Impolite Form S-V-O
Vun Roisatuð Tatur The Non-Egocentric/Submissive/Polite Form O-V-S
Vun Aramuð Tatur The Lovely/Romantic Form V-O-S
Vun Usonuð Tatur The Structured/School/Instructive Form V-S-O

Examples:

Vun Hauluð Tatur

Vun Isatuð Tatur

Vun Roisatuð Tatur

Vun Aramuð Tatur

Vun Usonuð Tatur

The Complex Forms

Vun Jamuð Mūtauð Tatur
Simple Alternating Form
(V-Adv) (Adj-N) (N-Adj)

  • Can start with either Elegant or Common Form
  • Modifying constituents always follow Elegant or Common Form exclusively

Vun Aramuð Mūtauð Tatur
The Romantic Alternating Form
(V-Adv) (Adj-S) (O-Adj)

  • Always begins with Common Form
  • Modifying constituents follow their main constituent’s Form

Vun Tistauð Mūtauð Tatur
The Pure Alternating Form
This form can start with either form and proceeding constituent always alternates form.

Vun Jamuð Mūtauð Hauluð Tatur
The Simple Alternating Symmetric Form
The first half sets the order for both halves.

Vun Tistauð Hauluð Tatur
The Pure Symmetric Form
The first half's order is the opposite of second half.

Vun Rotaturuð Tatur
The Unordered Form
This form has no set order.

Form Declaration Phrases

Sometimes a sentence may not be long enough for more of the complex forms to be used, but a speaker still wants to apply the connotation of a the form. Another case would be where a speaker will be speaking for a longer period of time, but doesn't care to take the effort of applying the form to their speech. In both cases speakers may use a Form declaration phrase, which is a nonsense phrase that is just long enough to declare the form that the speaker wants to apply to their speech.

Examples:

Green flowers and red trees always savor fertile land and cold water.
Usonuð Tatur: Kokok kele apōð vetic je'ina fi dosadoð haōr je'gulamuð vatasar.
Isatuð Tatur: Apōð vetic je'ina fi kokok kele dosadoð haōr je'gulamuð vatasar.
Roisatuð Tatur: Dosadoð haōr je'gulamuð vatasar kokok kele apōð vetic je'ina fi.
Aramuð Tatur: Kokok kele dosadoð haōr je'gulamuð vatasar apōð vetic je'ina fi.


The usage of form declaration phrases are largely considered to be close to archaic in some geographical areas and so the alternative to this convention is to begin your speech explicitly declaring what form you will be using by asking the listener to listen in respect to the indicated form.

Examples:

Usonuð Tatur: Korpiji kase van usonuð taturhu vana kerho. May you listen with the ears of the ordered form
Isatuð Tatur: Korpiji kase van isatuð taturhu vana kerho. May you listen with the ears of the dominant form
Roisatuð Tatur: Korpiji kase van roisatuð taturhu vana kerho. May you listen with the ears of the submissive form
Aramuð Tatur: Korpiji kase van aramuð taturhu vana kerho. May you listen with the ears of the lovely form

Vana Runuð Taturuc je'Usonu

The Poetic/Artistic/Passionate Forms and Structures

Vana Uniuð Taturuc
The Rhyme/Repetetive/Metered Forms
Vun Jamuð Tatur The Simple Form AABB
Vun Hauluð Tatur The Symmetric Form ABBA
Vun Mūtauð Tatur The Alternating Form ABAB
Vun Rohauluð Tautur The Assymetric Forms ABCB, ABBB, ABBC, ABAC, ABCD, ...


Vono Runuð Usonoc
The Poetic Structures
Haoli Term English Translation Forms Used in Structure
Von Pituð je’Rasuð Uson The Modifier Structure Pituð, Rasuð
Von Iatuð je’Roiatuð Uson The Register/Tone/Politeness Structure Iatuð, Roiatuð
Von Mūtauð je’Hauluð Uson The Symmetry and Alternation Structure Mūtauð, Hauluð

Numbers

Each digit 1-11 are written as the first consonant that appears in the word, zero is represented by the symbol used for terminating sentences and the decimal is represented by the symbol used to divide text into sections. The mathematical operators: +, *, ^, -, / are represented by the vowels: a, e, i, o, u respectively.

Haoliadh Maur (Haoli Numbers)
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
mitat edu ket har neg otte vat jet njol reso poi ofu
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
eduv eduedu eduket eduhar eduneg eduotte eduvat edujet edunjol edureso edupoi eduofu
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35
ketev ketedu ketket kethar ketneg ketotte ketvat ketjet ketnjol ketreso ketpoi ketofu
12 24 36 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144
eduv ketev harav negev ottev vatav jetev njolov resov poiv ofuv educ
1*12^12 2*12^12 3*12^12 4*12^12 5*12^12 6*12^12 7*12^12 8*12^12 9*12^12 10*12^12 11*12^12 12*12^12
educ ketec harac negec ottec vatac jetec njoloc resoc poic ofuc edumh

Sample Texts

Vono Ðuleað Gheþ

The Submission Scriptures

Vono Ðuleoð Gheþ are the sacred holy scriptures of the Haonai believed to be the verbatim words of their divine creator, Aðhi, given to their prophets over time via supernatural messengers known as Vene Idefþenec.

Text
Elmunþenað kasia eiþi AÐHI: Farar jue’lipir an: Ven Sarlejþenere je’Von Mūtasikroere je’Ven Kokere je’Ven Kokkukere je’Von Resroere je’Ven Pitrhetere je’Von Kujsikroere je’Von Elmunroere je’Von Firinere eiþi ian:

Van elmunul kujge van arinhoaere eiþi eduka nagfuge je’risese eduere eless: Kasia van arinhoaese kasake eiþ eless AÐHI: Van arinhoaese eiþ eless eiþi ðule je’eiþi firin je’eiþi eiþ AÐHI-að laþul je’eiþi harge firinað sarere: AÐHI-ere eduka ðulēsse jia’Von Resroere eiþi ian: Ianroere ðulēg nho’taturhias AÐHI-ere ðulē eiþi eiþ arinhoaroul: Ðuleroul eduese ro laþi an AÐHI: Arinhoaroere ðuleroi arinhoa isjo’ðualeroþenere ðuleroi AÐHI: Ianað elmunul AÐHI-ere ro nagfuamen an kasi:

Translation
AÐHI is your creator. Quake, but do not fear due to untrust. We are The Giver of Refuge, The Unchanging, The Always, The Everywhere, The Undivided, The Longlasting, The Unformable, The Uncreated, The Truth.

To create in the creation is only to see the light and, by it, be moved. AÐHI commands you to be moved by the light. To be moved by the light is ðule and is truth and is to be in the presesnce of AÐHI and is to have real refuge. Submit only to AÐHI for We are The Undivided. To submit to other than We, with the same form as you submit to AÐHI, is to be in the darkness. For one in rejection, AÐHI is not present. light rejects darkness, so AÐHI rejects rejectors. You see not AÐHI in Our creation?

Vun Fiuð Puf

Song of the Trees

Text
Vun fiuð puf
Enþerouð
Elmunrotoso
Mūtaga
Ðuleoð, aramoð
Eiþe tultussu
Eiþ vehkāssa
Eiþe puftussu

Translation
Song of the trees
Not of stillness
From the creator
Alternating
In submission, in love
Being like the wind
To be a saint
Being like the song