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Japhethite is a Semitic-inspired, a priori, tri-consonantal, polysynthethic, deeply theological language. As always, I straddle the borderline between artlang, auxlang, and engelang. It's an artlang because it must be beautiful, interesting, and compelling. It's an auxlang because it is regular, learnable, and aimed at everyone. It's an engelange because it has a meta-linguistic axe to grind: you can learn more about theology by trying to put your thoughts about this language. It can be itself only at the center of all of these: the goal is to be interesting and compelling to the author.


The sounds of Japhethite are almost typical, but with interesting additions. The velar-nasal (ŋ) can be initial. There is a lateral fricative (ɬ), like Welsh. The consonantal-R is a tap (ɾ), as in Japanese. Also, the F-type sound is only made with the lips – never the teeth.


Letters of the Japhethite abjad
ø~ā b g d h~ē w~ū ʃ~ʒ χ~ʁ~ō t j~ī k l m n s~z ŋ p ɸ~β t͡ʃ q ɾ~r̅ ɬ θ̼
ܐ ܒ ܓ ܕ ܗ ܘ ܙ ܚ ܛ ܝ ܟ ܠ ܡ ܢ ܣ ܥ ܦ ܧ ܨ ܩ ܪ ܫ ܬ
ālef beþ gamal dalaþ heh waw šayn xeþ teþ yod kaf lamad mīm nun semkat  ŋeŋ peh fr̅ čade qōf reł łin þā

Japhethite is written with 23 letters of the Syriac abjad, RTL. Vowels are typically omitted, able to be inferred from context. When written, they are small ligatures above or below the consonants. Fully six letters are mater lectionis, which means it can be hard to tell whether they are indicating long vowels/diphthongs, or whether they are consonants. They are

  1. i=Y, e.g. MYM = mīm
  2. u=W, e.g. NWN = nūn
  3. e=H, e.g. PH = pē
  4. o=Ħ~X, e.g. QXF = qōf
  5. r=R, e.g. FR = fr̅
  6. a=ʔ, e.g. ÞA = þā


Labial Alveolar PA/Dorsal Uvular Glottal
Nasals M /m ܡ / N /n/ ܢ Ŋ /ŋ~ɴ/ ܥ
Stops P /p/ ܦ B /b ܒ / T /t/ ܛ D d ܖ K /k/ ܟ G /g/ ܓ Q /q/ ܩ ' (ʔ) ܐ
Fricatives F~V /ɸ~β/ ܧ S~Z /s~z/ ܣ Š~Ž /ʃ~ʒ/ ܙ X~Ħ /χ~ʁ/ ܚ
More Fricative þ /θ̼/ ܬ Ł /ɬ/ ܫ Č /t͡ʃ/ ܨ H /h/ ܗ
Rhotic R /ɾ/ ݍ
Liquids W /w/ ܘ L /l/ ܠ Y /j/ ܝ


The diphthongs are ey, ai, ow, aw plus all long vowels.

Front Mid Back
High i ܐܺ or ܐܻ u ܐܽ or ܐܾ
Mid e ܐܶ or ܐܷ r ܐ݅ or ܐ݆ o ܐܳorܐܴ
Low a ܐܰorܐܱ



Stress comes on the third-to-last mora, which is also the third-to-last letter in the writing system.


Syllables are either V, VC, CVC, or CVVC. Vowels or consonants can be geminated, which is written in the orthography.


  • The following letters reject gemination: R, X, H, L, N, and Ŋ – the so-called Gutturals. ʔ isn't really any sound, so geminating it actually just makes the vowel long (which looks strange because the mater suddenly shows up).

Triconsonantal Roots

Nearly every single word is derived from a three-consonant root, such as ČGM, or WPT. Some words look like they come from something smaller, but are actually from roots where the second consonant is repeated in the third, such as DFF or þQQ. These are called geminate roots. Another common occurrence is when the middle letter is a mater, meaning it can turn into a vowel, and make a much smaller word. These are called Hollow Roots. When one of the three root-consonants is a guttural, we call it a Weak Verb. If there are two, we call it a Doubly Weak Verb.


The parts of speech in Japhethite basically break down into just nouns, verbs, and postpositions. Adjectives are verbs and adverbs are verbs, so there's not much left.


Nouns comes in seven "genders" (or classes)

  1. Eternal: these are all (attributes of) God
  2. Formal: these are the Forms as they existed embodied before the Fall
  3. Natural: these are all here and now, after the Fall, maybe sinful, maybe not
    1. People - man, woman, spiritual beings
    2. Animals - domestic animals, occupations, highly-complex tools, faces, hands, families, cities
    3. Beasts - non-domestic animals, moving things (water, fire), medium tools, body part*
    4. Seeds - technically alive, inert tools, homes, regions/places,
    5. Rocks - not alive, verbal nouns, mass nouns

, three numbers,

  1. Singulative - takes the place of definiteness, "THE ONE"
  2. Paucal - a few, some, a couple
  3. Collective - unmarked, quasi-plural

and three cases.

  1. Nominative - doubles as vocative. Unmarked
  2. Accusative - (i)Y-ending
  3. Oblique - dative, genitive, ablative - (u)W-ending
Eternal Form Person Animal Beast Seed Rock
S Šá12a3 ʔo12ŕ3iM QeÞ1e2ú3oR 1iČ2o3oR Sa12ú3eS 1ŕ22o3 1éM2i3
P ʔó12r3 QeÞ1e2ú3iŊ 1i2ČóŊr3 Sa12ú3eŁ 1á22i3
C Qé12u3 1íČ2r3 Sá12a3


  1. first exclusive
  2. first inclusive
  3. second
  4. third in the seven genders
  5. fourth


Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources

Small lexicon