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Kawa (/kawa/) is an artlang created by Tariselan. Kawa takes some minor inspiration from Māori, English, Spanish, French, and Mandarin. The language itself is created with the intent to be spoken between the creator and their partner. It was started around 12th of July 2022.



Kawa uses the Latin script with 2 additional letters: ⟨Ŋŋ⟩, ⟨Ƿƿ⟩

Kawa Alphabet
Letter Aa Bb Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Mm Nn Ŋŋ Oo Pp Qq Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Ƿƿ Zz
IPA /a/ /b/ /tʷ/ /e/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /kʷ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /ʍ/ /sʷ/
Name /am/ /ba/ /tʷa/ /em/ /fa/ /ga/ /ha/ /im/ /ja/ /ka/ /ma/ /na/ /ŋa/ /om/ /pa/ /kʷa/ /sa/ /ta/ /um/ /va/ /wa/ /ʍa/ /sʷa/


Consonant phonemes
Labial Coronal Guttural
Nasal m n ŋ
Stops p b t tʷ k kʷ g
Fricatives f v s sʷ h
Approximants w j ʍ1


  1. During allophonic realisation, /w/ is affected by /ʍ/, however, in the writing system, it is seen and analysed as the soft version of /h/


Vowel Phonemes
Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a


Kawa follows a (C)2V(C) syllable structure.

Initial C

All consonants are allowed to be in initial position.

Initial C2

/kn/, /gn/, /st/, /stʷ/, /sk/, /skʷ/, /kʷʍ/, /tʷʍ/, /sʷʍ/, /Nw/, /Nʍ/1, /Nj/2, /mb/

  1. [+nasal] > [-voice] /_ʍ
  2. A speaker may realise /nj/ as /ɲ/ (nj > ɲ)


  • /a/ is allowed after and befor all consonants
  • /e/ is allowed after and befor all consonants
  • /i/ isn't allowed before or after /j/
  • /o/ is allowed after and befor all consonants
  • /u/ isn't allowed before or after /w/

Final C

/m/, /ŋ/, /b/, /g/, /t/, /f/, /v/, /s/



Nouns are inflected for case.

Noun Cases
Nominative/Accusative Genitive Dative
-C -o -i -a
-V -mo -mi -ma


Pronouns are inflected for Case, Person, and derogatress.

Personal Pronouns
Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
1st Person Plain imo imwa iŋi
1st Person Derogatory imwo imƿo ima iŋwi
2nd Person Plain teo ta da
2nd Person Derogatory dƿeo gweo dam diwi
3rd Person Plain sov sovia sovio
3rd Person Derogatory zof zov zia zio


Verbs are marked for tense and mood with a particle.

Verb Particles
Indicative Imperative Conditional
Present gaŋ qaŋ gagaŋ
Past goŋ gogoŋ
Future kam kakam

The Copula

The copula, ⟨qe⟩ /kʷ/ in Kawa functions both as the verb "to be" and the verb "to have". It is the only verb that conjugates differently, it conjugates as following:

The Copula
Indicative Imperative Conditional
Present gaŋqe qeqe gaqegaŋ
Past goŋqe goqegoŋ
Future kamqe kaqekam


Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources