Lakovic languages/Lexicon

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  • √bsang: kin, family
  • √nes: to hide
  • √kur: young
  • √klan: time, eon
  • √Xwir: good
    • Wdm. wier 'beautiful'
  • √śnuX: near
  • √xtər: swim
  • √pal: companion, together
  • √nməy: to fall
  • √cŋet: green, grow
  • √tpik: know
  • √yref: to roll
  • √fcam: to call
  • √wtaf: to die
  • √tak: to sit on
  • √lun: come
  • √cag: value, important, salient
  • √ħnob: use, tool
  • √sbad: form, become
  • √rkam: to dwell
  • √rŋəb: dear, beloved
  • √fur: drink
  • √srob: true, firm
  • √das: strong
  • √ćHog: cold
  • √nsid: acquire, get
  • √śap: poke
  • päm: this; that
  • sey: here
  • piy: there
  • √bric: speak
  • √Qoŋ: good
  • √daQ: to get together
    • Wdm to 'good'
  • √blek: shine, radiate
    • Wdm pleach
  • √Qked: soft
  • √snak: 'to separate'
    • Tseer: taake 'thought'
    • Wdm snoach: 'to learn'
  • √snek: 'to bite'
  • √ŋac: 'in front'
  • √ŋic: 'empty'
  • √yriš 'hear'
    • Wdm. riș 'hear ye!'
  • √Qpor 'high'
    • Wdm. ăfur 'noble'
    • Tseer ofør 'high'
  • √mnot 'to produce, to grow, to give birth'
    • *mont-is
      • Wdm muad
  • √ptek 'to inhabit, to occupy, to be at'
    • *paHtek
      • Wdm fteach 'body'
  • √dmäy 'to drop, to grant'
    • PAsh dàrmày 'rain'
      • Wdm. trămäy
  • *√ptsun 'to live'
  • *ləkof = human, person
  • √mdəŋ 'to struggle, to fight'
    • Wdm. mătäng 'war'
  • *ṛ-: nonvolitional
    • Wdm -ră-, -năr-
  • √tkä' 'to go'
    • *ṛ-tkä
      • Windermere răchta 'to die'
      • Tseer adhka 'to go'
      • Tsjoen tjo
  • ksìH
    • Wdm. csie 'star'
  • śkey
    • Wdm. scey 'bark'
  • məmə 'mother'
    • Wdm. ăma
  • Qeb 'father'
    • Wdm. ep
  • lban 'water'
    • PAsh àlbon
      • Wdm. blon
      • Tseer olban, Modern nban
    • Häskä əlfon
  • √žän 'to say'
    • PAsh šan 'to utter, to say'; šàn 'word'
      • Proto-Tumhanic hjàn 'word'
        • Schong jahn
        • Æ jov?
      • Wdm. șän
  • √lgän 'straight, upright'
    • PAsh àlgan
      • Wdm. glan 'straight'
      • Tseer ookhan
  • mi 'general oblique marker'; became 'in, at' in many daughter languages.
  • √kQed 'to disconnect' (some relate this to Clofabosin cedovir 'to think')
  • √śel 'split'
    • śel-s
      • Wdm. łeal 'half'
  • √bəd 'round'
    • Wdm. pat
  • √ʔbəl 'to think, mind'
  • √kap: 'to reason'
  • √ŋsaʔ 'bright, clean'

Numbers

1-6: aHdan, aHrət, atsiw, amsHək, amsHut, dək

Honorific forms for 1-5: Hadna, Hərta, tsiwa, msəHka, msuHta

TODO: Roots from Netagin

  • z-ħ-m: praise, honor
  • f-ś-r: agree, blend
  • n-b-ś: courage
  • f-s-t: step, stage
  • þ-ŋ-b: measure
  • s-w-ħ: king, rule
  • ʔ-t-r: punish
  • g-b-n: say
  • k-l-k-l: tile
  • b-s-ŋ: clan, family
  • b-c-3: force, coerce
  • r-ʔ-b: criticize
  • f-s-k: beast
  • k-l-d: agree
  • z-l-n: comfort, solace
  • y-d-ś: compare, similar, metaphor
  • w-d-r: equal, same
  • ħ-g-r: different
  • m-g-þ: assign
  • k-b-ć: shield, fortress
  • k-z-r: hand over
  • c-b-s: show, exhibit
  • ħ-r-x: open
  • þ-k-s: good, great
  • s-n-l: help
  • f-þ-ʔ: proud
  • s-f-n: bold
  • l-r-y: wait
  • k-š-n: stop, settle
  • ś-r-g: develop, evolve
  • d-ŋ-n: lowly, debased, humiliate
  • ŋ-þ-ħ: stretch, deform