Sinos-Koelic languages

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The Sinos-Koelic languages comprise one of the world's primary language families. There are two generally accepted branches, the Coelo-Caric languages and the Sinushyeinametiniq language. The Coelo-Caric languages include Silōs and Carichendan. Two other languages, Imnura and Acranasian, may be Sinos-Koelic or Para-Sinos-Koelic languages.


Sinos-Koelic
Setting
Geographic
distribution:
North America
Linguistic classification:One of the world's primary language families
  • Sinos-Koelic
Proto-language:Proto-Sinos-Koelic
Subdivisions:
Sinushyeinametiniq
Coelo-Caric
ISO 639-2 and 639-5:snk

Language tree

?
Sinos-Koelic
Coelo-Caric
Old Silōs (†)

Standard Modern Silōs



Old Carichendan (†)

Carichendan




Sinushyeinametiniq

Sinushyeinametiniq



Imnura?

Imnura




Acranasian?

Acranasian




Sound reflexes

Vowels

PSK Sinushyeinametiniq PCC Silōs Carichendan
*a a *a a a
a ō a
*o o ō a

Consonants

PSK Sinushyeinametiniq PCC Old Silōs Modern Silōs Carichendan
*m m? *m *w v m
*p p *b *m m m
*b b *b *m m m
f? *p p Ø
*n̪ n *n̪ *v-, *-w-, *-w f-, -v-, -v d-, -nd-, -m
*z ? *z *t t z
t *t t Ø
*y r *y Ø, l- ,-i- l
*r ? *r *r r r
s *g z l
z *g z l
*n n *n *n n n
*t t? *t *t t t
*d d *t *t t t
*s h? *s *s s s
? Ø ŋ
*k ? *k *x ~ *χ Ø k
*x ? *x z, Ø x, Ø
*ŋʷ ? *m *w v m
*kʷ ? *b *m m m
*xʷ xʷ? *p p Ø