Thensarian

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Thensarian-English lexicon
Swadesh list

Thensarian
θensārimae
Pronunciation /θensaːrimai/
Created by IlL
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Talma
Extinct 220 v.T.
Language family
Quihum
ISO 639-3 qth

Thensarian (gaθvae θensārimae) is an ancient Talmic language and the ancestor of most living Talmic languages, including Xjiaolan, Anbirese, Nurian and Qazhrian. It is inspired by Proto-Celtic, Latin and Welsh. Important texts in Thensarian include ancient Talmic prose myths and some early scientific texts.

Todo

  • Make Proto-Talmic > Thensarian vowel changes mirror Pre-Celtic > Proto-Celtic changes
  • Antraδēs = a place name
  • lugoboe 'land'
    • OEevo luġaḃ
      • Eevo luav
    • Nurian lugabui
  • What to do with PTal ou and ō?
  • nocterae = chain (got it by interpreting Noether as Welsh)
  • Andaegōr = 'sun's perch'
  • More u's - often gets umlauted in daughters
  • Fossilized aspect distinctions for stative verbs vs active verbs
    • hear vs. listen
    • see vs. look
    • seek vs. find - som for seek, ___ for find?

Background

See also: Talmic languages.

Phonology

Consonants

Thensarian used 17 consonants.

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Radical
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ [ŋ]
Plosive voiceless t /t/ c /k/ [ʡ]
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /g/
Fricative voiceless φ /φ~h/ θ /θ/ s /s/ ħ /ħ/
voiced δ /ð/ [z] ȝ /ʕ/
Trill r /r/
Approximant v /ʋ/ l /l/ j /j/
Notes
  • Voiceless plosives /p t k/ are lightly aspirated in syllable onsets but are unaspirated after /s/. They're always unaspirated in certain areas.
  • [ŋ] occurs as an allophone of /n/ before velars /k, g/.
  • /r/ is an alveolar trill [r] or tap [ɾ].
  • /l/ is dental [l̪].
  • [z] occurs as an allophone of /s/ in /sb, sd, sg/.
  • /ʕ/ is either a radical plosive [ʡ] or a radical approximant [ʕ]. The first realization is more common word-initially.

Vowels

Thensarian had the following monophthongs:

Front Central Back
short long short long short long
Close i /i/ ī /iː/ u /u/ ū /uː/
Mid e /ɛ/ ē /eː/ o /ɔ/ ō /oː/
Open a /a/ ā /aː/

The diphthongs are ae ao ei eo iu oe ui.

Stress

Stress is word-initial, ignoring some unstressed prefixes such as pronominal object prefixes.

Phonotactics

Some allowed clusters

  • R = resonant X = obstruent
  • Clusters allowed word-initially are in bold.
Geminates
  • mm nn ll rr φφ tt cc ss θθ
RR
  • mn mr nl nv lm ln lv rl rm rn rv vl vr
RX
  • mφ ms nt nθ ns nc nħ
  • mb nd nδ ng nȝ
  • lφ lb lt ld ls lc lg lȝ lħ
  • rφ rb rt rd rs rθ rδ rc rg rȝ rħ
XR
  • φn bn tn θn cn gn ȝn ħn
  • sm sn sl sr sv
  • φl bl tl dl cl gl ȝl ħl
  • φr br tr dr θr δr cr gr ȝr ħr
XX
  • sφ st sc sȝ sb sd sg
  • cs ct ħs ħt
XXR
  • sφl sφr str scl scr sȝl sȝr

Orthography

Alphabetical order: R D I A Ħ Φ L M G C B S V O J Ȝ Δ T N Θ E U

Morphology

Main article: Thensarian/Morphology

Syntax

Like many of its descendants, Thensarian is almost completely head-initial (except for compounds).

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Sequences of tenses are important in Thensarian grammar. The mood of a verb sometimes serves the same functions of subordinating conjunctions in English such as if. Sometimes it is erroneously said that Thensarian has no word for if; conjunctions meaning "if" exist (φīs, etc.) but they are not mandatory.

Example texts

Other resources