User:Waahlis/IPA for my Swedish

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search
IPA Keys
Aelatha
Attian
Avendonian
Biscayan
Cet
Cha
Evonish
Favlona
Hantza
High Valyrian
Iaskyon
Jukpë
Kihā́mmic
Kunarek
Lôppic
Maryan Coptic
Mihousapeja
Owaex
Qafesona
Rangyayo
Trây
Umbrean
Consonants
IPA Examples Translation
p; pʰ para, grepp, apa to mate, grip, ape
b bara, brôta, stubbe just, to rumble, stump
t̪ ~ t; tʰ tyken, hatt, träd, rude, hat, tree
d̪ ~ d dansa, dôna, stod dance, to thunder, statue
ʈ; ʈʰ hjärta, bort, artist 1 hart, away, artist
ɖ jord, hård 1 earth, hard
k; kʰ ko, skôj, k cow, fun, to hustle
g gôr, gata, mage gore2, street, stomach
m mat, hamn, stum food, harbour, mute
ɱ amfibie, använda, amfora amphibian, use, amphora
n nätt, änna neat, right3
ɳ örn, hjärna eagle, brain
ŋ äng, sting, ägna meadow, sting, devote
f fippla, havs, gaffel fumble, sea (genitive), fork
v vad, vesen what, depressed
s sak, säga, ask, skångra thing, to say, box, tremble
ʂ syrsa, hasch, kurs1 cricket, hashish,course
ʃ ~ ɕ tjôta, käck, hasch, chips nag, jaunty
j ~ ʝ ja, hjärna, göra, ljud, djur yes, brain, to do, sound, animal
ɧ sju, stjärna, dusch, garage, station seven, star, shower, garage, station
h ha, himla to have, bloody4
r ~ ɾ råtta, kärra, rundstycke rat, cart, type of bread
l la, hallå, kall surely3
ɭ1 sorl, porla murmur, purl
ʔ Initially prevocalically. uh (-) oh
Vowels
IPA short IPA long IPA Dialectal Translation
a stanna ɑː gapa ɒː gâpa stop, shout/open your mouth
ɛ hem gles e̝ː glês home, sparse
ɪ fisk grina ɛ̝ fisk fish, smile, fish (dialectal pron.)
ʏ mycket yʷː myra y̹ʷː mŷra much, ant
ɵ stum ʉ͍ː kul ә stum mute, fun, mute (dialectal pron.)
ʊ tom coolt empty, cool (interjection)
ɔ stång mål ɤ̜ː mål pole, goal
œ nött øː nöt ø̹(ː) nôt worn, nut/idiot
ɛ sätt æː är (only before /r/) manner, is
  1. All the retroflex consonants may be pronounced like their non-retroflex equivalents.
  2. Interestingly, the quite dialectal word gôr is possibly derived from the English word gore, meaning crap. Might have come woth Scottish immigrants.
  3. The very dialectal words la and änna are difficult to translate into Swedish, and even more so into English. Usage is similar to the word surely and tag-questions. Combines with each other and the sentence negation inte to make the words "l'änna", "la'tte" and "änna'tte".
  4. Himla is a reinforcing interjection, adjective and adverb, from the Swedish word for "sky" - himmel.
Stress and tone
IPA Example Details
My tonal signature
ˈa [ˈandɛn]
"the duck"
Tone 1 / acute accent:
• Single stress with single falling and then a high tone on the unstressed syllable: [ˈândɛ́n]
ˈa.ˈa [ˈanˈdɛn]
"the spirit"
Tone 2 / grave accent:
• Double stress with falling tone and then rising tone: [ˈânˈdɛ̌n]