Difference between revisions of "Æ"

From Linguifex
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Consonants)
m (Consonants)
(30 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''{{PAGENAME}}''' ̄/ is a tonal Wiobic language.
+
{{Infobox language
 +
|image =
 +
|imagesize =
 +
|creator = [[User:IlL|IlL]], [[User:Praimhín|Praimhín]]
 +
|name = {{PAGENAME}}
 +
|nativename = jarv-jarv Æ
 +
|pronunciation= /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/
 +
|setting = [[Verse:Tricin]]
 +
|region = Talma
 +
|familycolor=lakovic
 +
|fam1=[[Lakovic]]
 +
|script=Windermere script
 +
|iso3=
 +
|notice=IPA
 +
}}
  
==Introduction==
+
'''{{PAGENAME}}''' /ɛ/ ''eh'' (native: ''jarv-jarv Æ'' /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/ 'Æ words') is a minority [[Lakovic languages|Lakovic language]] spoken in Bjeheond. It's inspired by Danish.
Æ is the tonal language which I always wanted in Tricin - one evolved from a nontonal, vaguely Germanic language. It has several obvious nods to Danish, such as the spelling, stød as part of a register tone system, and pharyngealized vowels.
 
  
 
==Phonology==
 
==Phonology==
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
'''p t tj k f s h m n nj ng l zj r v j''' /p t c k f s x m n ɲ ŋ l ɹ ʀ v j/
+
'''p t tj k f s h m n ng l zj r v j''' /p t c k f s x m n ŋ l ɹ ʀ v j/
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
Vowels: '''a e i o u ø æ å æ̊ ů''' /a e i o ɨ ø ɛ ɔ œ~ɶ u/ + pharyngealized versions, written '''ar er ir or ur ør ær år æ̊r ůr''' /aˤ eˤ iˤ oˤ ɨˤ øˤ ɛˤ ɔˤ œˤ~ɶˤ uˤ/
 
  
Use Tíogall-ish aesthetic with pharyngealized vowels
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
 +
|+ '''{{PAGENAME}} vowels'''
 +
|-
 +
! rowspan="3" |
 +
! colspan="4" |Front
 +
! rowspan="2" colspan="2" |Central
 +
! rowspan="2" colspan="2" |Back
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" style="" |<small>unrounded</small>
 +
! colspan="2" style="" |<small>rounded</small>
 +
|-
 +
!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
 +
!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Close
 +
| '''i''' /i/
 +
| '''ir''' /iˤ/
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| '''u''' /ɨ/
 +
| '''ur''' /ɨˤ/
 +
| '''ů''' /u/
 +
| '''ůr''' /uˤ/
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Close-mid
 +
| '''e''' /e/
 +
| '''er''' /eˤ/
 +
| '''ø''' /øˤ/
 +
| '''ør''' /øˤ/
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| '''o''' /o/
 +
| '''or''' /oˤ/
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Open
 +
| '''æ''' /ɛ/
 +
| '''ær''' /ɛˤ/
 +
| '''æ̊''' /œ/
 +
| '''æ̊r''' /œˤ/
 +
| '''a''' /a/
 +
| '''ar''' /aˤ/
 +
| '''å''' /ɔ/
 +
| '''år''' /ɔˤ/
 +
|}
 +
 
 
===Tones===
 
===Tones===
 
Æ has four register phonations or tones:
 
Æ has four register phonations or tones:
*Unmarked = modal, mid
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
*ƨ = '''s'''tød
+
|+ '''{{PAGENAME}} tones'''
*з = '''B'''reathy
+
|-
*ч = '''ch'''ecked
+
! Spelling
 +
! Tone
 +
! Example
 +
! IPA
 +
! Meaning
 +
|-
 +
| unmarked
 +
| modal
 +
| ''hæ̊''  
 +
| /hœ/
 +
| echo
 +
|-
 +
| s
 +
| stød (weak glottalization)
 +
| ''hæ̊s''
 +
| /hœˀ/
 +
| steep
 +
|-
 +
| v
 +
| breathy
 +
| ''hæ̊v''
 +
| /hœʱ/
 +
| to stretch
 +
|-
 +
| g
 +
| checked (strong glottalization)
 +
| ''hæ̊g''
 +
| /hœʔ/
 +
| to make a mistake
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Morphology==
 +
get "erhua" (pharyngealization) from somewhere

Revision as of 02:27, 8 February 2019

Æ
jarv-jarv Æ
Pronunciation /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/
Created by IlL, Praimhín
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Talma
Language family
Writing system Windermere script
ISO 639-3

Æ /ɛ/ eh (native: jarv-jarv Æ /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/ 'Æ words') is a minority Lakovic language spoken in Bjeheond. It's inspired by Danish.

Phonology

Consonants

p t tj k f s h m n ng l zj r v j /p t c k f s x m n ŋ l ɹ ʀ v j/

Vowels

Æ vowels
Front Central Back
unrounded rounded
plain phar. plain phar. plain phar. plain phar.
Close i /i/ ir /iˤ/ u /ɨ/ ur /ɨˤ/ ů /u/ ůr /uˤ/
Close-mid e /e/ er /eˤ/ ø /øˤ/ ør /øˤ/ o /o/ or /oˤ/
Open æ /ɛ/ ær /ɛˤ/ æ̊ /œ/ æ̊r /œˤ/ a /a/ ar /aˤ/ å /ɔ/ år /ɔˤ/

Tones

Æ has four register phonations or tones:

Æ tones
Spelling Tone Example IPA Meaning
unmarked modal hæ̊ /hœ/ echo
s stød (weak glottalization) hæ̊s /hœˀ/ steep
v breathy hæ̊v /hœʱ/ to stretch
g checked (strong glottalization) hæ̊g /hœʔ/ to make a mistake

Morphology

get "erhua" (pharyngealization) from somewhere