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Maryan Coptic


  • IPA: /ˈʃiːɾə/


ϣⲓⲣⲉ (šire) m.

  1. wrapping, tie, knot


ϣⲓⲣⲉ (šire) t4. (construct ϣⲉⲣ, pronominal ϣⲁⲣ-, qualitative ϣⲉⲣⲓⲧ)

  1. (transitive) to wrap, to tie, to know


Conjugation of ϣⲓⲣⲉ 
infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲓⲣⲉ negative infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ
imperative ϣⲓⲣⲉ negative imperative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲣϣⲓⲣⲉ
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
masculine feminine masculine feminine
Durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
present simple present ϯϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲥⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ
circumstantial ⲉⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
relative ⲉϯϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
future simple future ϯⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲭⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉϥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲥⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲭⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲕⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲩⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
conditional ⲉⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁϥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
relative ⲉϯⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲭⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲩⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
Non-durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
past affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
affirmative preterite ⲛⲉⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲁⲩⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative preterite ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
relative ⲉⲧⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
aorist affirmative ϣⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
optative affirmative ⲉⲓⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲕⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉϥⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲥⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲩⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative ⲉⲛⲛⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲛⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
jussive ⲙⲁⲣⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲙⲁⲣⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
affirmative causative ⲑⲣⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲑⲣⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative causative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲓϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
Subordinate clause
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
conditional affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲕϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁϥϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲛϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲩϣⲁⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative ⲁⲓϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁϥϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲁⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ
conjunctive affirmative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
negative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲧⲉⲙϣⲓⲣⲉ
limitative ϣⲁϯϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ
expectative ⲉⲙⲡⲁϯϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲥϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲓⲣⲉ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲩϣⲓⲣⲉ