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igyro Arnah
Pronunciation[igʲʏro aɾn̯ɐh]
Created byJukethatbox
Native toArnah, Northern Gibidum
Early forms
  • Central Inarduizan
  • Ya-Ranah
  • Kodi Chir
Arnic abugida
Arnic alphabet
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Moshurian Empire
Regulated byArnah Bureau of Linguistics(ABL)
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Arnic(igyro Arnah, Arnic: [igʲʏro aɾn̯ɐh]), also called Arakite, is a Gadaïc language and the official language of the Moshurian vassal of Arnah. It is one of six majority languages in Gadah, and is the second most spoken there after Ösrish.

Arnic is a Proto-Gadaïc-derivative, meaning it primarily derives from the Paleogadaic derivative, Proto-Gadaïc. This differs from Psér, which is a direct derivative from Paleogadaic.



The Arnic alphabet/abugida.

Arnic uses its own left-right top-down alphabet/abugida, which is derived from the Psér alphabet. One clear difference is that the Arnic alphabet can be written as an abugida, with each vowel having its own diacritic form.


Though most text is written phonetically as described in the diagram to the left, there are some non-phonetic rules regarding Arnic orthography.

  1. Suffixes(mostly case suffixes) can not begin with the diacritic form of a vowel
  2. No word can start with a diacritic vowel; this is the most common use of the non-diacritic vowels.


Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Palatal Uvular Glottal
Plosive p b t d k g q[1]
Nasal m (ɱ) n ŋ ɲ ɴ[2]
Tap or flap/Trill ɾ/r
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ[3] ç ʁ h
(Lateral) Approximant w l ɫ

Palatalisation & labialisation

When a plosive is followed by a front close or near-front near-close vowel, the plosive palatalises, as so:

/g/ + /i/ → [gʲi]

When a plosive is followed by a back vowel like /u/, the plosive labialises instead, as so:

/g/ + /u/ → [gʷu]


Front Near-front Back
Close i u
Near-close (ɪ) ʏ
Close-mid e ø o
Near-open ɐ
Open a (œ)



Arnic, unlike other Gadaïc languages, does not have a strict stress order across all words, though some groups of words have certain stress pattern. For example, many words from Psér preserve their original stress pattern, that being prototonic stress, such as keri, from Psér kri, "self".


Arnic uses a (C)(V)V(V)(C) syllable structure.





Arnic personal pronouns are denoted by animacy, person and number. Only the first person pronoun(s) are not denoted by animacy.

First person Second person Third person
inanimate animate inanimate animate
Singular kir hish ahim ish shova
Dual kire hesh ahme ishe shoev
Plural kiir hishi ahimi ishi shovi


Near Far
inanimate animate inanimate animate
Singular reh yach vah kech
Plural rehi yachi vahi kesh


Arnic nouns are inflected by number, animacy and case.


Nouns are inflected by whether they are singular, dual or plural. Singular nouns are inflected by nothing(-∅), while dual nouns are inflected by a -e, and plural nouns are inflected by an -i. The dual noun suffix is also used as an equivalent of the English particle "both".


Cases in Arnic are already inflected, but are further inflected to denote animacy.

Nominative Accusative Dative Instrumentative
Inanimate - -arhin -akach -egom
Animate -elin -ilai -ayam


All nouns are categorised by animacy: either animate or inanimate. Case markings for nouns and pronouns change based on the animacy of a noun. As an example, take the noun meshal("man"). Meshal is animate, so the surrounding case markings change as so:

Yach meshal damochelin madai.
This man eats food.

If sadach("plant"), an inanimate noun(though one could argue plants are alive) were used, the noun case would be as so:

Reh sadach damocharhin madai.
This plant eats food.


Constituent order

Arnic uses the Gadaïc standard of SOV(subject-object-verb) in all sentences with no exceptions.

Noun-adjective order

Arnic dropped the Proto- and Paleogadaic genitive case in favour of a noun-adjective order to denote possession of an object. Some linguists believe this feature was borrowed from Psér, but others point out that Psér implements both a functional noun-adjective order and a genitive case in different contexts, so the argument may be redundant. Nevertheless, the jury is still out.

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources

  1. ^ Variation of /k/ found in some Western dialects.
  2. ^ Variation of /ŋ/ in final position found in some Yav-Yanach dialects.
  3. ^ Eastern pronunciation of /x/.