# Contionary:ⲓ

## Maryan Coptic

Letter:

Verb:

### Letter

(i) (minuscule, majuscule )

1. the minuscule letter iota, the 10th letter of the Maryan Coptic alphabet

(i) m.

### Numeral

ⲓ̅

1. the number 10 in Coptic numerals

ⲓ͵

1. the number 10,000 in Coptic numerals

### Verb

(i) int. (qualitative ⲛⲏⲩ) (imperative ⲁⲙⲩ)

1. to come, to arrive
2. (+ ⲉϧⲩⲛ) to enter

#### Conjugation

Conjugation of
infinitive ⲉ̀ⲓ negative infinitive ⲉ̀ϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ
imperative negative imperative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲣⲓ
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
masculine feminine masculine feminine
Durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
present simple present ϯⲓ ⲉⲕⲓ ⲧⲉⲓ̀ ⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲥⲓ ⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲥⲉⲓ̀
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲕⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲕⲓ ⲉⳕⲥⲓ ⲉⳕⲛⲓ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲩⲓ
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲕⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲛⲁϥⲓ ⲛⲁⲥⲓ ⲛⲁⲛⲓ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲛⲁⲩⲓ
relative ⲉϯⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲧⲩⲓ̀
future simple future ϯⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲭⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲧⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉϥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲥⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀
circumstantial ⲉⲓⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲭⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲕⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⳕⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲩⲛⲁⲓ̀
preterite ⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁϥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁⲓ̀
conditional ⲉⲛⲁⲓⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲭⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁϥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲁⲩⲛⲁⲓ̀
relative ⲉϯⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉⲭⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉϥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉⲥⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲩⲛⲁⲓ̀
Non-durative sentences
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
past affirmative ⲁⲓⲓ̀ ⲁⲕⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲁϥⲓ ⲁⲥⲓ ⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲁⲩⲓ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲓⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲩⲓ̀
affirmative preterite ⲛⲉⲁⲓⲓ̀ ⲛⲉⲁⲕⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲛⲉⲁϥⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲥⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲛⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲛⲉⲁⲩⲓ
negative preterite ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓⲓ̀ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲕⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲓ̀ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉϥⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲥⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲩⲓ̀
relative ⲉⲧⲁⲓⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲁⲕⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲧⲁϥⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲥⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲛⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲧⲁⲩⲓ
aorist affirmative ϣⲁⲓⲓ̀ ϣⲁⲕⲓ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ϣⲁϥⲓ ϣⲁⲥⲓ ϣⲁⲛⲓ ϣⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ϣⲁⲩⲓ
negative ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲓⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲕⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲁϥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲩⲓ
optative affirmative ⲉⲓⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲕⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲉϥⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲥⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲩⲉⲓ̀
negative ⲉⲛⲛⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲛⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲛⲛⲩⲓ̀
jussive,
causative
jussive ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲓ̀ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲕⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲙⲁⲣⲉϥⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲥⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲛⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲙⲁⲣⲩⲓ̀
affirmative causative ⲑⲣⲓⲓ̀ ⲑⲣⲉⲕⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲑⲣⲉϥⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲥⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⲛⲓ ⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲑⲣⲩⲓ̀
negative causative ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲓⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲉⲛⲑⲣⲩⲓ̀
Subordinate clause
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲕ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲑⲟⲥ ⲁⲛⲟⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲧⲉⲛ ⲛ̀ⲑⲱⲩ
conditional affirmative ⲁⲓϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲕϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁϥϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲥϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲛϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲁⲛⲓ ⲁⲩϣⲁⲛⲓ
negative ⲁⲓϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲕϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲣⲉϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁϥϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲥϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲣⲉⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲁⲩϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ
conjunctive affirmative ⲉⲛⲧⲁⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲩⲓ̀
negative ⲉⲛⲧⲁϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲕϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉϥϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ ⲉⲛⲧⲩϣⲧⲉⲙⲓ
limitative,
expectative
limitative ϣⲁϯⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲕⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲓ̀ ϣⲁⲧⲉϥⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲥⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ϣⲁⲧⲩⲓ̀
expectative ⲉⲙⲡⲁϯⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲕⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲓ̀ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉϥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲥⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲉⳕⲧⲉⲛⲓ ⲉⲙⲡⲁⲧⲩⲓ̀