Fargulyn languages

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Fargulyn
SettingCalémere
Geographic
distribution:
Northeastern Márusúturon
Linguistic classification:One of Calémere's primary language families
Proto-language:Proto-Fargulyn
Subdivisions:
Karaskyr
Hålvarami
Balmudic
Zilmabic
Polinic
Narolic

The Fargulyn languages (Sky.: Fargulyn gjalyn, literally "[our] family['s] languages"; Chl.: pargulenyumi dhāḍai; Cer. sérošu Fárogurino) are a Calémerian language family spoken mostly on the continent of Márusúturon.

The Fargulyn-speaking area includes most of the northeastern part of the continent, whose dominant language is by far the most spoken of the Fargulyn family, Skyrdagor. In Greater Skyrdagor, aside from Skyrdagor itself, various other Fargulyn languages (of branches not too distant from Skyrdagor) are spoken; the rest of the family is mostly spoken in the northeastern taiga - Aksalbor, Arkjatar, and parts of Askand in Greater Skyrdagor; the Chlouvānem diocese of Kēhamijāṇa; the Union of New Ézélonía; and the inhabited parts of the Lalla Pūrjayuñca. There are, furthermore, Fargulyn minorities across the northern Inquisition (the Hålvaram plateau) and a historical presence in its northeast, as well as in Qualdomailor (where the Fargulyn Urheimat is thought to have been) and in Brono. Finally, the geographical outlier is Rǣrumi, spoken by the formerly semi-nomadic Rǣrai people, historically moving through the Nīmbaṇḍhāra-Lāmberah plain, nowadays settled in the Chlouvānem diocese of Rǣrajāṇai.

There are six recognized sub-families of Fargulyn languages:

  • the Karaskyr branch, by far the largest in area covered, number of languages and speakers, including the Skyrdagorian languages as well as a few scattered languages in Qualdomailor (Keleb), Brono (Yumsur and moribund Kylhez), and the northern Inquisition (Kareyumi in southern Dahelijaiṭa, its close relative Tūpasyumi in the hills on the border between Dahelijaiṭa and Saṃhayolah, Vālkurumi in northwestern Kayūkānaki, Barājyumi and Šoltinumi in Saṃhayolah, and Lugrumi in Dūlāyirjaiṭa). It also includes the second most spoken Fargulyn language, Nağoi, which is spoken in multiple countries at the eastern border of Greater Skyrdagor, being a widespread language in Byrzsysztav and Ajversziv, as well as the main minority of the Čathísǫ̃́g-speaking areas and the second-most spoken vernacular of the Chlouvānem diocese of Taibigāša[1];
  • the Hålvarami languages, the modern descendants of Old Hålvarami, which are the main vernaculars in the Chlouvānem dioceses of the Hålvaram plateau (save for parts of Taibigāša).
  • the Balmudic branch, with Qorfur (language of Qorfurkweo, the diocese of Vaskuvānuh, and of the Qorfur diaspora) as its most notable member; the other languages are spoken mostly in eastern Greater Skyrdagor (notably in Cselsengeg, Byrzsysztav, and Ajversziv), and the branch also includes Rǣrumi;
  • the Zilmabic branch, nowadays only surviving in central-southwestern Kēhamijāṇa and in the Komzolyn/Kamurjāram mountains on the Chlouvānem-New Ézélonian border, but formerly spoken along the Embranas river (NE Inquisition) and in present-day southern New Ézélonía;
  • the Polinic branch, spoken on the coast and in the coastal ranges of New Ézélonía; the pre-Chlouvānem language of Aratāram island was also likely Polinic, but the only surviving fragments can't show more than a broader Fargulyn origin;
  • the Narolic branch, scattered across the northern taiga in Arkjatar, Aksalbor, Askand, Kēhamijāṇa, New Ézélonía, and the Lalla Pūrjayuñca. The Narolic-speaking Oldob people of the Oldobian Gulf at the northwestern end of the Lalla Pūrjayuñca are considered the northernmost native human people of Calémere[2].

Proto-Fargulyn speakers had various contacts with both Proto-Samaidulic and Proto-Lahob speakers, so that there are various common words – as common as "son" or "to sleep" – that have cognates in Samaidulic or Lahob languages.

Vocabulary

Proto-Fargulyn Karaskyr Hålvarami Balmudic
Skyrdagor Keleb Yumsur Kareyumi Nağoi
(Southern/Taibigāši)
Nağoi
(Northern)
Old Hålvarami modern Kayūkānakīyi Doyukitami Qorfur Rǣrumi
*muɣūri "house, home" mujgyr [muɪ̯ɣɯr] muɣur "building muwri "land, plot" mŭir "land, plot" moğŭr moğŭr muri mâř muyr hor "village" kvaur "village"
*ɬˤosa "water" lso [ɬo] shos ɬas łos "cool" lås lous šorha šoyra sorre cos cos
*qāraha "mountain" Ɂorah [Ɂorax] gorkho kara qoraḥ qåraha gourah qårha ħayra qarre qor ōra
*ñoβūrit "tree" nyjrt [nʊɪ̯˞t] nöyri ñowrid nyuert nourŭt nyouret njurit yurit ñurit neort ñēṭ
*fārūɣalu "family" fargylva [fɒ˞ɣɯɮvɑ]
"family, relative"
forɣowa "home" fargwa "home" forivar "home" fåğrŭb "home" fourgu "home" fårwal fâra forvau forur "home" prubl "home"
*tˤemoru "green" tamyr [tamɯr] tamor tamru tamor tamŭz tamŭz termur tyârum tsârrun t'emer "forest; growth" thær "forest"
*qaθˤī "red" Ɂajth [Ɂaɪ̯θ] gay "yellow" kawi qah qadi gadi qari ħař qair qaet' "blood" ǣth "blood"
*fūtaβu "sea" fydhov [fɯðoː] fidaw "sky" fidaw "sky" fŭtou "water" fŭtou "sky" fŭtou "sky" futå "lake" futa "lake" futa "lake" fotu "lake" putū
*Ɂanwaski "sun" navskj [nɔːʃc͡ç] nush anux anuški anušk anušk anåki anac anaki wask "sun; South" kvek
*qāximu "eye" Ɂojm [Ɂɔɪ̯m] gokhin kaymu qoḥm qåhŭm gouhem qåjm ħâym qoyn qosom ōšm
*dārxaqa "people" dogor [doːr] dogro daxara doḥra dåqah dougah tålwaq tauða tavoq duraq drabā
*ayn "one" oj [ɔɪ̯] ein ein ein ein en ân yân aen ēk
*sˤexa "two" szuj [suɪ̯] sükho šia šŭi'a sŭha sŭha sirja šâř sirs t'e thæ
*bawuk "three" buvk [buːk] buk bug buk buk buk poək pūk pok buq
*Ɂūraʃ "four" ryjes [rʊɪ̯ʃ] iresh irx ŭrš ŭrŭš ŭrŭš oəra ūr or horos borš

Notes

  1. ^ Taibigāša, on the Hålvaram Plateau, historically was a Hålvarami-speaking area and that is still true for the southernmost areas, but today it is mostly divided into Nağoi-speaking rural areas and the urban areas, including Hålša, the main metropolitan area and cultural centre of the Northern Inquisition, speaking a Chlouvānem-derived creole.
  2. ^ Some Lahob peoples originating from the Koitrûx peninsula had and have settlements further north on the other side of the Inner Sea, on the islands of Gurdugal, but none of the settlements that far north have ever been permanent.