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šérošu čérí
[ˈʃeːroʃu tʃeːˈriː]]
Created byLili21
DateMar 2017
(originally Calémere)
Native speakers450,000,000 (2312)
Seraltonian languages
  • Central Seraltonian
    • Íscégon
      • Cerian
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Cerian — natively Čérízon ([tʃeːˈriːzon] (SEC); [tʃeɪ̯ˈʁiːzon] (L. Bénáteno); [tɕʰeˈriːzɔn] (Pásuone)) or šérošu čérí [ˈʃeːroʃu tʃeːˈriː] (SEC) — is one of the main lingue franche on the planet Eventoa, particularly in Seralton and among former colonies, and its second-most spoken language by number of native speakers (after Dundulanyä). It is a Seraltonian language belonging to the Central Seraltonian branch, and one of the direct descendants of one of the two most important Classical language of the Eventoan Western civilization, namely Íscégon.

Native to the country of Ceria (Cer.: Čéría; Isc.: Ciairegiion) in the western part of Seralton, Cerian is the official language of ten countries in that continent - Ceria, Šáritun, Vétaní, Čaha, Rocoma, Corevía, Ótéa, Úrofa, Noméde Ínéma, and Sternia (Cer. Seténía - co-official with Majo-Bankrávian) - and 37 other countries around the planet.

External History

The name Ceria (and therefore Cerian), as with many major peoples and places of both Calémere and Eventoa, dates back to my first proto-conworlding projects, and I simply imported it into Calémere - something that meant justifying the very-IE-looking -ia ending in a Calémerian linguistic perspective.
Cerian itself is the main lingua franca of Calémere, a role equivalent to that English has on Earth, and to some extent English is one of my inspiration, although only as far as Cerian, just like English, has a large number of dialects spoken in many countries across the world. Aesthetically, my main inspirations behind Cerian are Latin, Japanese (mostly in the syllable structure), and to a lesser extent also Norwegian and Swedish. Grammatically I wanted a mostly analytic language, even though in the end it is not as analytic as other Evandorian languages (such as Nordulaki, to name one) and with some SAE traits, most notably phonology (even though that lack of a distinction between /r/ and /l/ is not SAE at all), mixed in with a few non-European traits (such as the tense system).

In 2022, while shifting my conworlding focus from Calémere to Eventoa, I decided to "import" Cerian (and, consequently, Proto-Evandorian, renamed Proto-Seraltonian together with the corresponding continent, and Íscégon) into the new conworld.



The consonant inventory among different Cerian dialects is fairly similar, with the most noticeable exception being Hilly Southeastern Cerian (the predominant variant in the country of Úrofa) which are the only ones that didn't merge Íscégon /l/ into /r/ (the distinction is still kept everywhere in the spelling - e.g. áleron "road" /ˈaːreron/ even if 95% of speakers merge them). Many Southern Cerian dialects (incl. e.g. Šáritunen Cerian) also have /dʒ/ instead of /ʒ/, as Old Cerian did.

→ PoA
↓ Manner
Labial Labiodental Alveolar Alveolopalatal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasals m m n n
Plosives Voiceless p p t t c k
Voiced b b d d g ɡ
Affricates č
Fricatives Voiceless f f s s š ʃ h h
Voiced v v z z j ʒ
Trill r-l r
Approximants u w i j

All consonants except voiced fricatives, approximants, /ʃ/, /tʃ/ and /h/ can be geminated.

/h/ is lost in about half of all Seraltonian dialects (including all of the most spoken ones, but notably it is preserved in formal Standard Seraltonian Cerian) and in virtually all Púrítonen ones; it is generally still found in dialects spoken on other continents.


Front Central Back
High i í i iː u ú u uː
Mid e é e eː o ó o oː
Low a á a aː

Vowels are extremely varied in different Cerian dialects, with the long-short contrast being actually realized depending on dialect as a pure quantity one, a quality one, a hybrid quality-quantity, by having monophthongs vs. diphthongs, and with some possible mergers or (more rarely) splits. The phonemic representation given above is conventional and reflects the spelling as well as the underlying phoneme in most (not necessary all) Cerian dialects. For example, élógen "lamp" - phonemically represented as /eːˈroːgen/ is pronounced in different ways, including:

  • Seraltonian dialects: [e(ː)ˈroːgɐn] (Mánébodin Cerian or Standard Seraltonian Cerian), [ɪːˈroːgɪn] (Čagan Cerian), [eə̯ˈʁɔːgən] (Central Coastal), [eˈlogɛn] (Hilly Southeastern - note the conservation of /l/), [(j)eːˈruːgʲən] (Šáritunen)





Cerian phonotactics are very simple, with most syllables – and all syllables outside of learned reborrowings from Íscégon or Ancient Nivarese – being of the structure (C)(L)V(C). The coda consonant may only be one of /n j w/, or gemination of the following consonant.

L in native and nativized words can only be one of /j w/ (not all CL combinations are possible). In certain learned borrowings, the combinations stop + /r/ as well as the sequence /fr/ are possible initial sequences.




Cerian (and its sister languages) lost the case system of Íscégon, maintaining only a plural inflection that is formed with the same suffix for all nouns, regardless of gender; the plural suffix actually derives from the Íscégon accusative, not nominative, plural. There are, however, quite a few irregular plurals, of Íscégon origin: as Cerian lost virtually all word-final consonants (save -n), their plural forms didn't have those consonants at the end, so they resurface again in the plural form.

The pluralizing suffix is -uó [woː], with a short vowel if the preceding one is long, and removing the final vowel of the word if it is anything but -o.

  • reišan "daughter" → reišanuó "daughters";
  • reide "son" → reiduó "sons";
  • míe "noun, name" → míuo "nouns, names"
  • jóbo "finger" → jóbo "fingers" (invariable)
  • tasú "foot" → tasuó "feet"

Regular nouns ending in -ti, -di, -si have their plural forms in -čuo, -juo, -šuo:

  • jéti "house" → jéčuo "houses"

Íscégon word-final -t and -s resurface and assimilate the consonant of the suffix:

  • dúšo "axe" (Ísc. duxios) → dúšossó "axes"
  • šeti "river" (Ísc. sítis) → šetissó "rivers"
  • cómé "chair" (Ísc. cármet) → cómettó "chairs"

Íscégon word-final -r also resurfaces, but does not assimilate the consonant:

  • "wall" (Ísc. dír) → deruó "walls"

Finally, nouns that ended in -x in Íscégon typically end in -ːso in Cerian; in the plural, they have no consonant but a long vowel (even with the previous one being long) – the [w] in the plural wasn't there to begin with in Íscégon.

  • haréso "Calémerian avocado" (Ísc. harex) → harésó "avocadoes" (cf. Ísc. harexát).

Some nouns have completely irregular plurals:

  • účen "fish" → ússó "fish (plur.)" (here, the singular actually derives from the diminutive uóscien, while the plural derives from the plural of the unmodified noun uós)
  • ési "person" → iúressó "people" (completely different roots)

Archaic genitive

Mostly in poetry and some set usages, words not ending in -n, -ó, and maintain a distinct genitive form, used for the singular. It is formed by adding -u [u̯] at the end (lengthening u o instead), except for words in -ía which lose the -a instead.

In contemporary Cerian, it is mostly found in some set usages and locutions, such as šérošu čérí "Cerian language" (with the genitive of Čéría), ronuo dútú "blade of the sword" (dútu "blade"), requíbača Ašeirau "orbit of Ašeira", šóben lerió "pomegranate juice" (lerio "pomegranate").

Gender and articles

Cerian has grammatical gender and two definite articles, one for each gender, used in the singular only (plural vs. plural indefinite inflection does the same effect in the plural). As in most Evandorian languages, -n is a marker of feminine gender, so that most nouns (not all) ending with that letter are feminine; those which end in vowels are usually masculine. Note that natural gender is prevalent, as shown e.g. by couplets such as "brother" and "sister" where the nouns have the "wrong" ending. As many consonant-final nouns were feminine in Íscégon (although the common -s finals could be of both genders), there are more feminine exceptions than masculine ones.
Also note that demonyms generally always end in -n, but may be invariably used in the masculine or feminine as needed.

The masculine article is šo; the feminine one is šen.

Masculine nouns:

  • šo quíto "the foreigner"; šo jóbo "the finger"; šo lerio "the pomegranate"; šo ínéma "the city"; šo ronuo "the sword".
  • BUT: šo císenen "the brother"; šo ín "the water", šo tieibin "the money".

Feminine nouns:

  • šen ruban "the wine"; šen niún "the wolf"; šen účen "the fish"; šen reišan "the daughter"; šen lun "the mouth".
  • BUT: šen ránéco "the sister"; šen dé "the wall", šen tení "the sun".


Like other descendants of Íscégon, Cerian radically restructured the Íscégon verbal system. While Íscégon had a system of mostly prefixing inflections that mainly changed aspect or valency, these inflections have with time transformed into self-standing verbs, becoming a derivational process rather than an inflectional one (cf. Ísc. táso "I walk", máentáso "I start walking" → Cer. tóson "to go, walk", méntón, earlier méntóson "to depart"). These aspectual inflections and valency changes are now marked by auxiliary verbs or adverbs (with few exceptions); meanwhile, Cerian (and other descendants of Íscégon, as well as some languages influenced by it in a sprachbund covering various parts of central Seralton) started cliticizing at the end of the verb various adverbs that served to indicate tense; later on, in Cerian (excluding some Southern dialects) and Péigu only, final -n in some of those adverbs started being analyzed as a feminine marker, which led to it being added to those verbs that did not have it, resulting in the present system that morphologically marks tense and gender.

Morphologically, Cerian verbs are simple and agglutinative, however they are used in various auxiliary constructions in order to mark aspect, mood, and valency.

Tense Suffix čeléton "to read"
Masculine Feminine
Remote past -re(n), -e(n) čelétore čelétoren
Hesternal past -(m)óni(n) čelétóni čelétónin
Hodiernal past -aše(n) čelétuaše čelétuašen
Present -∅ čeléto
Near future -útei(n) čelétútei čelétútein
Distant future
Speculative future
-tuéle(n) čeléttuéle čeléttuélen

Aspectual distinctions are made with forms of the copulae úši (habitual "to be"; ← Ísc. ód-sir) and reuši (continuative "to be"; ← Ísc. riqued-sir), plus the present participle, as in the following examples (note that all these examples may be translated with any subject):

  • reuši čelétofú "I (m) am reading", reuši čelétofún "I (f) am reading";
  • úšire čelétofú "I (m) used to read", úširen čelétofún "I (f) used to read";
  • reušire čelétofú "I (m) was reading [in the past]", reuširen čelétofún "I (f) was reading [in the past]";
  • reušimóni čelétofú "I (m) was reading [yesterday]", reušimónin čelétofún "I (f) was reading [yesterday]";
  • reušiaše čelétofú "I (m) was reading [earlier today]", reušiašen čelétofún "I (f) was reading [earlier today]";
  • reušiútei čelétofú "I (m) will be reading", reušiútein čelétofún "I (f) will be reading";
  • úšituéle čelétofú "I (m) may get used to read, will be used to read", úšituélen čelétofún "I (f) may get used to read, will be used to read".

The past participle is used to form passive forms of transitive verbs. In this case, the copula used to build perfective forms is the otherwise causative tíuši:

  • tíušimóni čelétti "it (m) was read [earlier today]", tíušimónin čeléttín "it (f) was read [earlier today]";
  • úšire čelétti "it (m) used to be read", úširen čeléttín "it (f) used to be read".


Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses


Example texts

Other resources