Difference between revisions of "Æ"

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'''Frjeongeor''' is a Pfiunic language inspired by Sino-Korean and Swedish.
+
{{Infobox language
 +
|image =
 +
|imagesize =
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|creator = [[User:IlL|IlL]], [[User:Praimhín|Praimhín]]
 +
|name = {{PAGENAME}}
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|nativename = jarv-jarv Æ
 +
|pronunciation= /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/
 +
|setting = [[Verse:Tricin]]
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|region = Talma
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|familycolor=lakovic
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|fam1=[[Lakovic]]
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|script=Windermere script
 +
|iso3=
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|notice=IPA
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
'''{{PAGENAME}}''' /ɛ/ ''eh'' (native: ''jarv-jarv Æ'' /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/ 'Æ words'; [[Windermere]]: ''cduay Ä'') is a minority [[Lakovic languages|Lakovic language]] spoken in Bjeheond. It's inspired by Danish.
 +
 
 +
==Phonology==
 +
===Consonants===
 +
'''p t tj k f s h m n ng l zj r v j''' /p t c k f s x m n ŋ l ɹ ʀ v j/
 +
 
 +
===Vowels===
  
==Todo==
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{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
-ý > -a (e.g. Germanic Frjeongeor: vý > wa 'woe', ''sný'' > ''sna'' 'snow', ''tvý'' > twa 'two')
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|+ '''{{PAGENAME}} vowels'''
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|-
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! rowspan="3" |
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! colspan="4" |Front
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! rowspan="2" colspan="2" |Central
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! rowspan="2" colspan="2" |Back
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|-
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! colspan="2" style="" |<small>unrounded</small>
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! colspan="2" style="" |<small>rounded</small>
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|-
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!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
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!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
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!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
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!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
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!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
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!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
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!style=" "|<small>plain</small>
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!style=" "|<small>phar.</small>
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|-
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! style="" |Close
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| '''i''' /i/
 +
| '''ir''' /iˤ/
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|
 +
|
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| '''u''' /ɨ/
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| '''ur''' /ɨˤ/
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| '''ů''' /u/
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| '''ůr''' /uˤ/
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|-
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! style="" |Close-mid
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| '''e''' /e/
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| '''er''' /eˤ/
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| '''ø''' /øˤ/
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| '''ør''' /øˤ/
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|
 +
|
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| '''o''' /o/
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| '''or''' /oˤ/
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|-
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! style="" |Open
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| '''æ''' /ɛ/
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| '''ær''' /ɛˤ/
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| '''æ̊''' /œ/
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| '''æ̊r''' /œˤ/
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| '''a''' /a/
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| '''ar''' /aˤ/
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| '''å''' /ɔ/
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| '''år''' /ɔˤ/
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|}
  
==Frjeongeormin==
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===Tones===
*Capital = Homan
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Æ has four register phonations or tones:
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="text-align:center;"
 +
|+ '''{{PAGENAME}} tones'''
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|-
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! Spelling
 +
! Tone
 +
! Example
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! IPA
 +
! Meaning
 +
|-
 +
| unmarked
 +
| modal
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| ''hæ̊''
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| /hœ/
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| echo
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|-
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| s
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| stød (weak glottalization)
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| ''hæ̊s''
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| /hœˀ/
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| steep
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|-
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| v
 +
| breathy
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| ''hæ̊v''
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| /hœʱ/
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| to stretch
 +
|-
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| g
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| checked (strong glottalization)
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| ''hæ̊g''
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| /hœʔ/
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| to make a mistake
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|}
  
==Swadesh==
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==Morphology==
{{User:Ceige/Template:Swadesh_list_207_plain|language = [[Nail Polish]]
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get "erhua" (pharyngealization) from somewhere
|wrd001=''hál'' (informal)
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|wrd002=''azj'' (informal)
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[[Category:Languages]]
|wrd003=''bbil'' (animate), ''bbifus'' (inanimate)
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[[Category:Lakovic languages]]
|wrd004=''háliŋ'' (informal)
 
|wrd005=''azjiŋ'' (informal)
 
|wrd006=''bbilúrr'' (animate), ''bbifusúrr'' (inanimate)
 
|wrd007=''a-'', ''al'' (animate), ''afus'' (inanimate)
 
|wrd008=near 2: ''bbi-'', ''bbil'' (animate), ''bbifus'' (inanimate); distal: ''ra-'', ''ral'' (animate), ''rafus'' (inanimate)
 
|wrd009=''ató''
 
|wrd010=near 2: ''bbitó'', distal: ''rató''
 
|wrd011=''ssal''
 
|wrd012=which/what kind of X: ''tjivérr'', which of two: ''hékumm''
 
|wrd013=''tjitó''
 
|wrd014=''tjihni''
 
|wrd015=''tjivérraff''
 
|wrd016=''rí-''
 
|wrd017=''kkúff''
 
|wrd018=''énvah''
 
|wrd019=''nnahah''
 
|wrd020=''ussíyah''
 
|wrd021=''mudu''
 
|wrd022=''adj''
 
|wrd023=''físj''
 
|wrd024=''iyav''
 
|wrd025=''ŋŋuzzan''
 
|wrd026=''túl''
 
|wrd027=
 
|wrd028=''vi'' < ''ví''
 
|wrd029=''lam'' < ''lám'' < ''laþm-''
 
|wrd030=''hjeost'' < ''hist' '' < ''histją''
 
|wrd031=''njav'' < ''niáv'' < ''nēb-''
 
|wrd032=''zjuwah''
 
|wrd033=''bjarþ''
 
|wrd034=
 
|wrd035=''hŋéyah''
 
|wrd036=''djuŋŋ''
 
|wrd037=''zzít''
 
|wrd038=''llósj''
 
|wrd039=''rakku''
 
|wrd040=''vvúlltja''
 
|wrd041=''yalí''
 
|wrd042=''sjumma''
 
|wrd043=''sjudda''
 
|wrd044=''kalt''
 
|wrd045=''óra''
 
|wrd046=''híŋ''
 
|wrd047=''nuhl''
 
|wrd048=''haré''
 
|wrd049=''ddúf''
 
|wrd050=''éwsa''
 
|wrd051=''sjayf''
 
|wrd052=''usskk''
 
|wrd053=''ŋadji''
 
|wrd054=''fédd''
 
|wrd055=''yaxxá''
 
|wrd056=''dawrr''
 
|wrd057=''rróŋgi''
 
|wrd058=''hllandj''
 
|wrd059=''áll''
 
|wrd060=''hédj''
 
|wrd061=''ggarru''
 
|wrd062=''allab''
 
|wrd063=''raŋŋa''
 
|wrd064=''vésji''
 
|wrd065=''tjín''
 
|wrd066=''hunvi''
 
|wrd067=''kké''
 
|wrd068=''aki''
 
|wrd069=''ffúra''
 
|wrd070=''llayind''
 
|wrd071=''yósj''
 
|wrd072=''ssttána''
 
|wrd073=''hóy''
 
|wrd074=''nill''
 
|wrd075=''téha''
 
|wrd076=''istu''
 
|wrd077=''sawdj''
 
|wrd078=''bbúda''
 
|wrd079=''haski''
 
|wrd080=''annddal''
 
|wrd081=''lénd''
 
|wrd082=''rraxtj''
 
|wrd083=''bbár''
 
|wrd084=''tallss''
 
|wrd085=''bré''
 
|wrd086=''ŋŋúli''
 
|wrd087=''zzán''
 
|wrd088=''mazar''
 
|wrd089=''ŋihni''
 
|wrd090=''hallan''
 
|wrd091=''rruhar''
 
|wrd092=''slayah''
 
|wrd093=''kanah''
 
|wrd094=''ŋíffah''
 
|wrd095=''yakkah''
 
|wrd096=''ttéyah''
 
|wrd097=''axxttah''
 
|wrd098=''hrrágah''
 
|wrd099=''yiŋufah''
 
|wrd100=''hizrah''
 
|wrd101=''ímah''
 
|wrd102=''fissttah''
 
|wrd103=''vvandah''
 
|wrd104=''hmáyah''
 
|wrd105=''ussíyah''
 
|wrd106=X-TOPIC Y-NOM ''kkammayah'' ( = X fears Y)
 
|wrd107=''kkúyah''
 
|wrd108=''lawrah''
 
|wrd109=''sjtjíŋah''
 
|wrd110=''hnéddah''
 
|wrd111=''nóŋah''
 
|wrd112=''sjagrah''
 
|wrd113=''zjikkah''
 
|wrd114=''xxúsjah''
 
|wrd115=''ssŋŋóhah''
 
|wrd116=''rráxxah''
 
|wrd117=''xxózjah''
 
|wrd118=''dabbah''
 
|wrd119=''bbllaxah''
 
|wrd120=''brin''? ''rin''? < ''vrín-'' < ''wrīn-''
 
|wrd121=''huvvah''
 
|wrd122=''hribah''
 
|wrd123=''ggíyah'' (lie down)
 
|wrd124=''ihnah'' (sit down)
 
|wrd125=''ŋúlah'' (stand up)
 
|wrd126=''ayfah''
 
|wrd127=''zjúzjah''
 
|wrd128=''ttuggah''
 
|wrd129=''gníffah''
 
|wrd130=''ssrruwah''
 
|wrd131=''spówah''
 
|wrd132=''nihrah''
 
|wrd133=''sséyah''
 
|wrd134=''xrahah''
 
|wrd135=''véllah''
 
|wrd136=''ttnnáyah''
 
|wrd137=''ffrrítjah''
 
|wrd138=''mallggah''
 
|wrd139=''nnówah''
 
|wrd140=''sjixxah''
 
|wrd141=''xxunnddaffah''
 
|wrd142=''dahllah''
 
|wrd143=''zjínayah''
 
|wrd144=''ssaŋŋah''
 
|wrd145=''yuŋkah''
 
|wrd146=''palah''
 
|wrd147=''und''
 
|wrd148=''kjeold''
 
|wrd149=''wihnu''
 
|wrd150=''ing''
 
|wrd151=''zérr''
 
|wrd152=''briyaŋ''
 
|wrd153=''hédja''
 
|wrd154=''laxxatt''
 
|wrd155=''yawkk''
 
|wrd156=''hŋŋáy''
 
|wrd157=''ŋlimé''
 
|wrd158=''djanu''
 
|wrd159=''vvóll''
 
|wrd160=''skúdj''
 
|wrd161=''hullál''
 
|wrd162=''lóppu''
 
|wrd163=''djukkarr''
 
|wrd164=''zaŋŋkk''
 
|wrd165=''ddól''
 
|wrd166=''tlór''
 
|wrd167=''nnay''
 
|wrd168=''ttága''
 
|wrd169=''léssah''
 
|wrd170=''zuhl''
 
|wrd171=''umm''
 
|wrd172=''ppawah''
 
|wrd173=''waygah''
 
|wrd174=''vvrrúwah''
 
|wrd175=''éttayah''
 
|wrd176=''yuŋgah''
 
|wrd177=''ssrrí''
 
|wrd178=''zjóll''
 
|wrd179=''lahi''
 
|wrd180=''iriyah''
 
|wrd181=''hunnah''
 
|wrd182=''zzrrukkuwah''
 
|wrd183=''wópiyah''
 
|wrd184=''sskkúhah''
 
|wrd185=''ŋŋussah''
 
|wrd186=''óffah''
 
|wrd187=''ttúkuwah''
 
|wrd188=''hrruzzuwah''
 
|wrd189=''ambéyah''
 
|wrd190=''ddabiyah''
 
|wrd191=''wésjah''
 
|wrd192=''yuffrrah''
 
|wrd193=''vvílsjah''
 
|wrd194=''lákkah''
 
|wrd195=''bálah''
 
|wrd196=''waluwah''
 
|wrd197=''émmah''
 
|wrd198=''ddussnnah''
 
|wrd199=''zammu''
 
|wrd200=''óttu'' (''óttur'' = 'wrongly, badly')
 
|wrd201=''-(i)ha'', ''-ih''
 
|wrd202=''-arr ffáyih(a)''
 
|wrd203=''-tju'' (nouns), ''-ínih'' (clauses)
 
|wrd204=''-tju'', ''-tju tnáxa''
 
|wrd205=''-uxxí''
 
|wrd206=''-ázz''
 
|wrd207=''husj''
 
}}
 

Latest revision as of 14:13, 6 December 2019

Æ
jarv-jarv Æ
Pronunciation /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/
Created by IlL, Praimhín
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Talma
Language family
Writing system Windermere script
ISO 639-3

Æ /ɛ/ eh (native: jarv-jarv Æ /jaˁʱjaˁʱ ɛ/ 'Æ words'; Windermere: cduay Ä) is a minority Lakovic language spoken in Bjeheond. It's inspired by Danish.

Phonology

Consonants

p t tj k f s h m n ng l zj r v j /p t c k f s x m n ŋ l ɹ ʀ v j/

Vowels

Æ vowels
Front Central Back
unrounded rounded
plain phar. plain phar. plain phar. plain phar.
Close i /i/ ir /iˤ/ u /ɨ/ ur /ɨˤ/ ů /u/ ůr /uˤ/
Close-mid e /e/ er /eˤ/ ø /øˤ/ ør /øˤ/ o /o/ or /oˤ/
Open æ /ɛ/ ær /ɛˤ/ æ̊ /œ/ æ̊r /œˤ/ a /a/ ar /aˤ/ å /ɔ/ år /ɔˤ/

Tones

Æ has four register phonations or tones:

Æ tones
Spelling Tone Example IPA Meaning
unmarked modal hæ̊ /hœ/ echo
s stød (weak glottalization) hæ̊s /hœˀ/ steep
v breathy hæ̊v /hœʱ/ to stretch
g checked (strong glottalization) hæ̊g /hœʔ/ to make a mistake

Morphology

get "erhua" (pharyngealization) from somewhere