Dodellian

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Dodellian/Lexicon

Dodellian/Swadesh list

Dodellian (Dadäĺid lukśädın /dɒdæʎid lukɕædən/, Clofabosin: dodelloluxedan, dodelloserotin or dodellosin) is the official language of Verse:Tricin/Dodellia; it is the main source of loans in Clofabosin.

Todo

  • pirındätam ("pirandetam")
  • santın = pain
  • ıpiźam = to span
  • gıtrın = thanks (Clofabosin -gatran 'thanks to')
  • grälın = trail (Clofabosin -grel, -grelor "according to")
  • däśmärpın = agreement (däś-: 'co-, con-' + märpın 'mind')
  • märpäntın = probability
  • ısnuźam = to learn
  • nińt́äźam = to observe (a rule), to celebrate (a holiday), to customarily do something
  • nusmam = to lead
  • distuźam = to move (intransitive)
  • tükśätın = debt, duty
  • kitukśätın = prudence
  • -äntın = -liness, -ability
  • -sibın = agentive
  • -ıtä? (for Clofab suffixes ending in -ate)
  • bänam = to do
  • -bänam (-bändın > Clofab -bendan) = causative?
    • ad́ın, märin, pimaźam? > ad́ıbänam, märibänam, pimabänam > Clofab adibendan, meribendan, pimobendan
  • -aźam (-azam)
  • -kśätın = abstract noun suffix? (tiuxetan, cituxetan, tetraxetan)
  • atätın (cefotetan)
  • ätın? (-etanide)
  • -idä? (or should -ide be clofabic)
  • tiʔazäm (-tiazem)
    • clentiazem (61), diltiazem (30), iprotiazem (56), nictiazem (54), siratiazem (68)
  • bägran? (-begron)
  • asunaprevir, paritaprevir
  • briʔam = be slow
  • väźam = to call
  • vädın = name

Phonology

Orthography

Consonants

Dodellian consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ń /nʲ~ɲ/ [ŋ]
Plosive voiceless p /p/ t /t/ /tʲ~tɕ/ k /k/ ʔ /ʔ/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ /dʲ~dʑ/ g /g/
Fricative voiceless f /f/ s /s/ ś /sʲ~ɕ/
voiced v /v~ʋ/ z /z/ ź /zʲ~ʑ~j/
Lateral l /l/ ĺ /lʲ~ʎ/
Flap r /ɾ/

The palatal consonants cannot appear in initial position; palatal C + r is also disallowed.

Vowels

Front Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
Close i /i/ ü /y/ ı /ɨ~ə/ u /u/
Open ä /æ/ a /ɑ/

Old Dodellian also had the vowels ė, e, o, ö pronounced /e, ə, o, ø/ but these merged with i, ı, u, ü in the modern language.

Unlike the western dialects, Standard Dodellian lacks vowel harmony.

Prosody

Stress

Intonation

Phonotactics

Morphophonology

Morphology

Nouns

Plural suffix = -fın, but it's optional and only common for animates

"and" = -üm (the source of Clofabosin -ium)

sirın - city
Nominative sirın
Accusative sir
Genitive sirid
Dative sirar
Locative sirınt
Instrumental siraśvir

äfän - way, road, path
Nominative äfän
Accusative äfä
Genitive äfäźid
Dative äfäźar
Locative äfänt
Instrumental äfäźaśvir


Verbs

declarative -am

interrogative -ıkś

conjunctive -äl

relative

negative ır-

Numerals

Numbers: 0: vüzın 1: sumın 2: laśın 3: tüvın 4: prülın 5: aruzın 6: räśvın 7: faʔizın 8: amśın 9: üravın 10: nävdın 11: makśın 12: pranın

Syntax

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Examples

Büzın uĺiädüm bükśadid fańar ıkśaram. = 'I speak about love and hate'

Äsnın büzinir bätıkś? (-ıkś = question marker)

sirın 'settlement'

Aśvın (a name)

Fitun (a name)

Patin (a name)

Other resources