Häskä

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Häskä/Wordlist

Häskä
Created by IlL
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Bjeheond
Language family
Lakovic
  • Häskä
Writing system Windermere script?
ISO 639-3

Häskä (dəluto Häskäs /dəluto hæskæs/) is a Lakovic language with an Amharic- and Uralic-inspired aesthetic.

Gibberish

Ha bärtətəlič žə-sgəδo i ftero mi-sumätäk!
ah PRES-FREQ-fall like-gold-F DIR foliage-F in wind-PL
Ah! How leaves fall like gold in the wind!

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ŋ/
Stop plain t /t/ k /k/ ' /ʔ/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /g/
Fricative plain f /f/ s /s/ š h /h/
voiced δ /ð/ ž
Affricate c /ts/ č
Approximant w /w/ r /r/, l /l/ y /j/

In addition, p /p/ is used in loanwords.

Vowels

a e i o u ä ə /ɑ e i o u æ ə/

Stress

Stress is usually penultimate.

Phonotactics

Häskä allows initial clusters, like Windermere and Tsrovesh.

Morphology

Häskä morphology is roughly equally prefixing and suffixing.

Nouns

Häskä nouns have a natural gender system. Nouns denoting females or that end in the feminine suffix -o (after C) or -s (after V) are feminine. Inanimate nouns, and animals that are not dedicated words for males and females, can be used in both genders interchangeably.

Plurals

Unusually for a Lakovic language, plurals are formed with a suffix -k or -äk:

  • sumät /sumæt/ = wind
    • sumätäk /sumætæk/ = winds

If the word is treated as feminine:

  • sumäto /sumæto/ = wind
    • sumätok /sumætok/ = winds

Case markers

Here are the basic case markers:

  • id, i = nominative
  • u = accusative
  • = genitive
  • mi = locative
  • žə = "like"

Pronouns

  • ri = I
  • šen = thou (m)
  • šes = thou (f)
  • fin = he
  • fis = she
  • bäñ = we two (inc.)
  • nə-ri etc. = plural pronouns

Verbs

Häskä verbs are highly inflected; they inflect for tense, aspect, voice, mood, and gender agreement.

Verb template: negative-gender/mood-tense/aspect-voiceROOT-pluractional

Verbs are negated with di-.

Derivational morphology

  • yə- = adjectivizer