Häskä

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Häskä/Wordlist

Häskä
Created by IlL
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Talma
Language family
Lakovic
  • Häskä
Writing system Windermere script?
ISO 639-3

Häskä (dülut(u) Häskä(su) /dylut(u) hæskæs(u)/) is a Lakovic language with an Amharic- and Proto-Uralic-inspired aesthetic.

Gibberish

Ha bärtətəlič žə-sgəδu id fteru mi-sumätäk!
ah <PRES>-FREQ-fall like-gold-F DIR foliage-F in wind-PL
Ah! How leaves fall like gold in the wind!

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ŋ/
Stop plain t /t/ k /k/ ' /ʔ/
voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /g/
Fricative plain f /f/ s /s/ š ś h /h/
voiced δ /ð/ ž ź
Affricate c /ts/ č ć
Approximant w /w/ r /r/, l /l/ y /j/

In addition, p /p/ is used in loanwords.

Vowels

a e i o u ä ü ə /ɑ e i o u æ y ə/

Stress

Stress is usually penultimate.

Phonotactics

Häskä allows initial clusters, like Windermere and Tsrovesh.

Morphology

Häskä morphology is roughly equally prefixing and suffixing.

Nouns

Häskä nouns have a natural gender system. Nouns denoting females or that end in the feminine suffix -u (after C) or -su (after V) (from Proto-Lakovic *-s and the feminine verb marker *wa-) are feminine. Inanimate nouns, and animals that are not dedicated words for males and females, can be used in both genders interchangeably.

Plurals

Unusually for a Lakovic language, plurals are formed with a suffix -k or -äk:

  • sumät /sumæt/ = wind
    • sumätäk /sumætæk/ = winds

If the word is treated as feminine:

  • sumätu /sumætu/ = wind
    • sumätäku /sumætæku/ = winds

Case markers

Häskä has Austronesian alignment, like Proto-Lakovic.

Here are the basic case markers:

  • id = direct
  • o = indirect
  • = genitive
  • mi = locative

Pronouns

  • ri = I
  • šen = thou (m)
  • šes = thou (f)
  • fin = he
  • fis = she

Verbs

Häskä verbs are highly inflected; they inflect for tense, aspect, voice, mood, and gender agreement.

Verb template: negative-gender/mood-tense/aspect-voiceROOT-pluractional

Verbs are negated with: di-

Gender

  • wə- = feminine

Mood

  • ku- = cohortative

Aspect

Aspect inflection uses a combination of prefixes and reduplication.

Reduplicant uses 1st consonant (F) or last consonant (L)

  • imperfective/stative = unmarked
  • perfective = unmarked for some verbs but marked with em- for others
  • prospective = hef- (closest equivalent of future tense)
  • momentane = bla-
  • progressive = ăL-
  • gnomic = FăL-
  • frequentative = eNFă-
  • inchoative/inceptive = oLă-
  • graduative = tăFa-

Intensive

  • twə- = intensive prefix

Voice affixes

Voice affixes are obsolete in Rhythoed.

  • ‹ăc› = Dynamic passive
  • ‹ră›, ‹wă› = Stative passive
  • ‹ăb› = Reflexive
  • ‹ăn/ăng› = Applicative trigger
  • ‹ith› = Locative trigger
  • ‹ăw› = Instrumental trigger
  • ‹ăfong› = Destination trigger
  • ‹ălis› = Comitative trigger
  • ‹ăm› = Source/cause trigger
  • ‹ăchem› = Benefactive/purpose trigger
  • ‹ărea› = Malefactive trigger

Derivational morphology

  • yə- = adjectivizer