|Writing system||Windermere script?|
Häskä (dülut(u) Häskä(su) /dylut(u) hæskæs(u)/) is a Lakovic language with an Amharic- and Proto-Uralic-inspired aesthetic.
- Ha bärtətəlič žə-sgəδu id fteru mi-sumätäk!
- ah <PRES>-FREQ-fall like-gold-F DIR foliage-F in wind-PL
- Ah! How leaves fall like gold in the wind!
|Nasal||m /m/||n /n/||ñ /ŋ/|
|Stop||plain||t /t/||k /k/||' /ʔ/|
|voiced||b /b/||d /d/||g /g/|
|Fricative||plain||f /f/||s /s/||š||ś||h /h/|
|Approximant||w /w/||r /r/, l /l/||y /j/|
In addition, p /p/ is used in loanwords.
a e i o u ä ü ə /ɑ e i o u æ y ə/
Stress is usually penultimate.
Häskä morphology is roughly equally prefixing and suffixing.
Häskä nouns have a natural gender system. Nouns denoting females or that end in the feminine suffix -u (after C) or -su (after V) (from Proto-Lakovic *-s and the feminine verb marker *wa-) are feminine. Inanimate nouns, and animals that are not dedicated words for males and females, can be used in both genders interchangeably.
Unusually for a Lakovic language, plurals are formed with a suffix -k or -äk:
- sumät /sumæt/ = wind
- sumätäk /sumætæk/ = winds
If the word is treated as feminine:
- sumätu /sumætu/ = wind
- sumätäku /sumætæku/ = winds
Häskä has Austronesian alignment, like Proto-Lakovic.
Here are the basic case markers:
- id = direct
- o = indirect
- kə = genitive
- mi = locative
- ri = I
- šen = thou (m)
- šes = thou (f)
- fin = he
- fis = she
Häskä verbs are highly inflected; they inflect for tense, aspect, voice, mood, and gender agreement.
Verb template: negative-gender/mood-tense/aspect-〈voice〉ROOT-pluractional
Verbs are negated with: di-
- wə- = feminine
- ku- = cohortative
Aspect inflection uses a combination of prefixes and reduplication.
Reduplicant uses 1st consonant (F) or last consonant (L)
- imperfective/stative = unmarked
- perfective = unmarked for some verbs but marked with em- for others
- prospective = hef- (closest equivalent of future tense)
- momentane = bla-
- progressive = ăL-
- gnomic = FăL-
- frequentative = eNFă-
- inchoative/inceptive = oLă-
- graduative = tăFa-
- twə- = intensive prefix
Voice affixes are obsolete in Rhythoed.
- ‹ăc› = Dynamic passive
- ‹ră›, ‹wă› = Stative passive
- ‹ăb› = Reflexive
- ‹ăn/ăng› = Applicative trigger
- ‹ith› = Locative trigger
- ‹ăw› = Instrumental trigger
- ‹ăfong› = Destination trigger
- ‹ălis› = Comitative trigger
- ‹ăm› = Source/cause trigger
- ‹ăchem› = Benefactive/purpose trigger
- ‹ărea› = Malefactive trigger
- yə- = adjectivizer