Ancient Nivarese

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Ancient Nivarese
Pronunciation [niːvaˈɁoːniːθ]
Created by Lili21
Setting Calémere
Date Oct 2017
Region Nivaren
Ethnicity Nivarenians
Extinct ca. 500
Language family
Evandorian languages
  • Southern Evandorian
    • Ancient Nivarese
Writing system Nivarese script
ISO 639-3

Ancient Nivarese (Nīvaʼōnīs or os khipserē os Nīvaʼōnīs [oθ xipθeˈreː oθ niːvaˈɁoːniːθ]; in Modern Nivarese: o khišrí o urdá o Niveóni) is an Evandorian language of Calémere, the earliest attested of the whole family and one of the Calemerian languages with the most ancient attestations.

Ancient Nivarese was the language of present-day Nivaren (Nīvaren [ˈniːvaren]) in ancient times, the ancestor of Modern Nivarese, and - together with Íscégon - was the cultural language of Evandorian civilizations during classical antiquity. Due to this importance, Ancient Nivarese words have entered the common vocabulary of all Evandorian languages and, in more modern times, learned vocabulary of most languages of the planet.

Ancient Nivarese is a Southern Evandorian language, and thus related to Auralian, Gazimyük, and the Agrôkian languages. It shares features common to all early attested Evandorian languages, thus there are still many visible similarities with Íscégon, but it also has the typical traits of Southern Evandorian languages, like its development of a construct state.

External History

Ancient Nivarese is a language I blatantly made as a Calemerian analogue to Ancient Greek. Nivaren's location in Evandor and its geography aren't even that different to what Greece in Europe is, and overall Ancient Nivarese's history of contacts with the Íscégon world is pretty similar to the Latin-Ancient Greek one. Partially this was because I transposed to Calémere the alt-Earth setting I had been using before, and I simply mapped Nivaren to Greece. My earlier version of Ancient Nivarese was, accordingly, mostly inspired by Greek even if still different; the current one I am developing only marginally keeps that, while I decided for an aesthetic more inspired by Hebrew and Aramaic (even if the language itself is completely different).

Phonology

Orthography

Consonants

→ PoA
↓ Manner
Labial
Labiodental
Dento-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasals m /m/ n /n/
Plosives p /p/
b /b/
t /t/
d /d/
k /k/
g /ɡ/
q /q/ ˈ /Ɂ/
Fricatives f /f/
v /v/
s /θ/
ś /ɬ/
kh /x/ /ħ/
ʻ /ʕ/
h /h/
Trill r /r/
Lateral l /l/
Approximants w /w/ y /j/

The letter x represents the /kθ/ cluster.

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i ī /i iː/ u ū /u uː/
Mid e ē /e eː/ o ō /o oː/
Low a ā /a aː/

Prosody

Stress

Intonation

Phonotactics

Morphophonology

Morphology

Nouns

Masculine noun declension

Syntax

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources