Tarueb

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Tarueb
taruebet zwystli
Pronunciation[[Help:IPA|tʰʌˈryːb̥əs tsviːʃtlɪ]]
Created byLili21
DateJul 2018
SettingCalémere
EthnicityTaruebs
Native speakers20,000,000 (2312)
Reclian languages
  • East Reclian
    • Tarueb
Official status
Official language in
Taruebus

Tarueb (natively taruebet zwystli [tʰʌˈryːb̥əs tsviːʃtlɪ]) is a language spoken on the planet Calémere, in central-western Márusúturon. It is by far the most spoken of the Reclian languages, a language family presently consisting of three non-contiguous nuclei in Taruebus [tʰʌˈryːb̥uʃ], the country of Listord (with the Listordian languages), and the Evandorian country of Rakorg.

Tarueb is the native language of about 20 million people, the majority of which living in the country of Taruebus. It is the only language of a country of the former Kaiṣamā which has always been written in the Íscégon script, and the only one not to have a significant Chlouvānem part of its modern day vocabulary.

External History

Tarueb and Taruebus are, like many names of places and peoples on Calémere, names that have a long history, dating from the first conworld-like things I made back when I was 9 or 10 (when I pronounced it as [taruˈeːbus]). Later on, in an early version of Calémere, the one Laceyiam was in, Tarueb was a Cis-Tahianshima language, genealogically related to Laceyiam. The current version of Tarueb is a completely different language, and has nothing to do with either Laceyiam or Chlouvānem. My main inspiration for it is Swiss German, with also bits of Nahuatl, English, and Wolof.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial and
Labiodental
Dental and Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasals m m n n ň ɲ ŋ
Stops Fortis p p t t c c k k
Lenis b d j ɟ̊ g ɡ̊
Fricatives Fortis f, ff f s, ss s sc ʃ ch, kch x h h
Lenis s sg ʒ̊
Affricates z ts
Liquids and
approximants
w ʋ r r
l l
y j
ʎ

In all variants except Eastern Tarueb, lenis stops are voiced when following a short vowel and followed by another vowel, or whenever preceded by a nasal consonant. Fortis stops are aspirated word-initially. In Southern Tarueb, including Standard Tarueb, /t/ is fricativized to [s] word-finally, while /s/ itself merges with /ʃ/ to [ʃ] in the same position.
/s z̥/ only contrast intervocalically and word-finally, where the former is written ss and the latter s.

In Eastern Tarueb, the fortis-lenis contrast is replaced by a voiceless-voiced one (e.g. kueli "road" St. [kʰyːlɪ], East. [kyə̯lə]; garl "tree" St. [g̊arl], East. [gærw]).

In most of Western Tarueb and a few Southern Tarueb dialects, the orthographical combinations ff and kch are affricates /pf kx/ instead of /f x/. The deaffrication process that other dialects underwent, however, is still ongoing, as observed among young Southern Tarueb speakers.

Vowels

Southern Tarueb & Standard Tarueb
Front Back
Unrounded Rounded
High i i
y
ue u u
uu
Mid e oe øː o
Low a a
ae æː
aa ɑː
Eastern Tarueb
Front Back
Unrounded Rounded
High e o
Mid i e
ae
Low a æ
aa
Diphthongs y æɪ̯ ue yə̯
oe œə̯
uu uɪ̯
Western Tarueb
Front Back
Unrounded Rounded
High i i
e ɪː
u u
Mid ae o
Low a a aa ɔˑ
Diphthongs y ae̯ ue yɪ̯ uu ɔu̯
oe ɔʏ̯

Morphology

Verbs

Nouns

Syntax

Vocabulary

Notes