Tsimulh languages

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Tsimulh languages/Lexicon

The Tsimulh languages are a Trician language family mainly spoken in Txapoalli. The proto-language is Proto-Tsimulh.

Todo

  • -s: past tense, genitive
  • -txʷ
  • -cid
  • -dəb = augmentative
  • Reduplication
  • relativizer/relative forms for verbs

Phylogeny

Urheimat

Somewhere in Txapoalli

Phonology

Tlingit-Lushootseed hybrid gib, liquidless

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
central lateral plain labialized plain labialized
Nasal m n
Stop plain p t k q ʔ
voiced b d g
ejective kʷʼ qʷʼ
Affricate plain c ƛ č
voiced z λ ž
ejective ƛʼ čʼ
Fricative s ł š x x̌ʷ h
Approximant plain l y w
glottalized

Vowels

i u ə a /i u e ə o a/

Stress

Penultimate.

Morphology

Nouns

Noun classes

PTsN had 13 noun classes:

  1. ʔu- = animates
  2. ʔəł-
  3. s-
  4. x̌-
  5. iʔ-
  6. gwi-
  7. tx-
  8. ad-
  9. kʷ-
  10. d-
  11. č-
  12. dxʷ-
  13. c-

Cases

  • Nominative: -0
  • Genitive: -s

Verbs

Noun class prefixes

  • I = lə-
  • you (sg) = xʷə-
  • he = ʔə-
  • we = gwə-
  • you (pl) = sə-
  • Noun class prefixes:
    1. sg. ʔu-; pl. bə-
    2. ʔəł-
    3. s-
    4. x̌-
    5. iʔ-
    6. gwi-
    7. tx-
    8. ad-
    9. kʷ-
    10. d-
    11. č-
    12. dxʷ-
    13. c-

Tense affixes

-s - past tense