Besagren

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Besagren
besodxun
cerissu besodxun
Pronunciation [beˈsaddʒi]
[ˈkeruʃu beˈsoddʒun]
Created by Lili21
Setting Calémere
Date Sep 2017
Region Western Evandor (Besagren Plateau)
Ethnicity Besagrens
Native speakers 62,000,000  (2312)
Language family
Evandorian languages
  • Central Evandorian
    • Íscégon
      • Besagren
Writing system Íscégon script for Besagren
ISO 639-3

Besagren (natively (cerussu) besodxun [(ˈkeruʃu) beˈsoddʒun]) is an Evandorian language of the planet of Calémere (Bes.: Caemmiri [kaˈemmiri]), belonging to the Central Evandorian branch, one of the various modern descendants of Íscégon (Bes.: isseun or cerussu issèunu), the most important classical language in Western Evandorian civilization. It has therefore many similarities with the planet's main lingua franca, Cerian (Bes.: charredxeu), a fellow Íscégon descendant, even if the two languages are not mutually intelligible.

Besagren is spoken by around 62 million people, mostly in Besagret ([beˈsag(g)ret]) but also in a few former Besagren colonies in Púríton and Ceránento, as well as among descendents of Besagren immigrants to other former colonies of Western powers.

External history

Besagren is one of the Calémerian languages I have passed more sketches for before deciding which aesthetic to use. The earliest version was rather seseo-Spanish-sounding, but I didn't really like having a language in the far western part of a continent supposed to feel like Europe with an aesthetic based on such a famous language from far western Europe. My second version was more Romanian-inspired, and I quite liked it - but then I came up with the idea for the current aesthetic, which I like even more: you might notice it is heavily inspired by Sardinian (with some very small traces of Sicilian and even Ligurian). I quite like how Besagren turned out to be, as it is phonologically as divergent as Cerian from Íscégon, but in two different ways (e.g. Besagren does not have the strict tendence towards CVn syllables that Cerian has, but did rework the consonant system to a greater extent).

Phonology

Orthography

Consonants

→ PoA
↓ Manner
Labial Labiodental Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Retroflex Palatal Velar
Nasals m m n n
Plosives p p
b b
t t
d d
(dd ɖɖ) c k
g g
Affricates tz ts
z dz
ch
dx
Fricatives f f s s ss ʃ
x ʒ
Approximants i j u w
Trill r r
(l l)

A few notes about consonants:

  • /l/ is limited to a few reborrowings from Íscégon or borrowings from other languages with that sound (e.g. Nordulaki, Auralian, or Nivarese). Many speakers merge it with /r/, especially in colloquial registers.
  • The /rr/ sequence is always pronounced [rʒ] (e.g. irraima "city" [irˈʒajma]) and some linguists analyze it as being /rʒ/.
  • The contrast between /s/ and /ʃ/ is neutralized before other consonants, with the only phone used in that context being [ʃ] (e.g. urrustu "hawk" [urˈʒuʃtu]).
  • Dento-alveolar /d/ and retroflex /ɖ/ are sometimes said to be allophones of the same phoneme, with [ɖɖ] being geminate /dd/, as geminate [dd] only occurs as part of intervocalic /dʒ/ (e.g. Charredxì "Ceria" [tʃarʒedˈdʒi]). The [ɖ] sound also never occurs outside of [ɖɖ] and [ɳɖ] - the latter being the usually realization of /nd/, e.g. Ebandu "Evandor" [ˈebaɳɖu]. However, both [d] and [ɖɖ] may occur word-initially (cf. ddun [ɖɖun] "mouth" and dassu [ˈdaʃu] "nine"), and therefore some linguists consider them to be different phonemes.

Vowels

Besagren has a traditional five-vowel system. [ə] also appears as a phone, but it is considered only an epenthetic vowel arising allophonically in certain phonemic combinations (e.g. before nC- initial clusters).

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

Prosody

Stress

Intonation

Phonotactics

Morphophonology

Syntax

Constituent order

Noun phrase

Verb phrase

Sentence phrase

Dependent clauses

Example texts

Other resources

Notes