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Swadesh list for Tseer

This article is about modern Tseer. For Classical Tseer, see Tseer/Classical.
døludx Tseer
Pronunciation /dəwüts tʃẽʃ/
Created by IlL
Setting Verse:Tricin
Region Talma
Language family
  • Tseeric
    • Tseer
Writing system Talmic script
ISO 639-3

Tseer (chair; natively døludx Tseer Classical: /døludz tʃẽr̝/ Modern: /dəwüts tʃẽʃ/ (the -x is a feminine marker); Skellan: brits Txeñz) is a major Lakovic language spoken in Talma. It is inspired mainly by Hmong and Somali, with touches of Burmese (especially for Modern Tseer), Vietnamese and Satem IE languages like Polish.

Tseer was a prominent classical language of Talma, second to Windermere; it left a significant influence on Windermere and Skellan. Like Windermere, it favored the CCVC ablaut grade of Proto-Lakovic roots, though not as strongly as Windermere.

Unlike Windermere, Tsrovesh, or Häskä, Tseer epenthesized initial clusters or vocalized the laryngeal *H in clusters.


  • th~ts merger like Hanoi Vietnamese
  • Different pronunciations of Classical r:
    • Cr clusters = /Cj/ in Modern Tseer, while it was /Cr/ in Classical Tseer.
    • Syllable-final r = [ʃ]
    • Otherwise r = [r]
  • ð is pronounced [ɣ] in conservative accents. Usually it disappears and causes compensatory lengthening of the previous vowel.
  • Unstressed nasal vowels > syllabic nasals: oozhad > nzhad

Nasal/nonnasal vowel split

a e i o u ø /ɑ e i o ü ə/ + að eð ið oð uð øð (long versions)

aa ee oo øø = /ã ẽj~ẽ õw~õ ɚ/ + aað eeð iið ooð uuð øøð long versions [These also occur for V + nasal consonant]

e /e/ is [ɛ] before zh.

o /o/ is [u] after /w/.



I thou (m.) thou (f.) he she we (exc.) we (inc.) you (pl.) they (an.)
Subject cliti -ar -ekh -ex -in -eex -raa -ba -nin -neex
Full pronouns aar khen kheex in eex aarar baa inin ineex



Modern Tseer retains most of the Classical verb morphology but changed some of the meanings.

Verb template

Same as in Classical Tseer: feminine-TAM-pluractionality-voice-ROOT


Feminine subject: va-


Passive: haa- (~ Windermere ha-)

Verbal number

Pluractionality: akh-


Aspects/Tenses (needs some fusion):

  • 0- = atelic past
  • tho- = telic past
  • we- = atelic nonpast
  • hef- = telic nonpast (often future)


Derivational morphology


VSOX, VSXO with pronominal objects

Sample texts

UDHR, Article 1

Eehayxeew vikhon zhakhod mog xiwakoo de thøzh me nfidhx de xanøkhx.

PLACT-PASS-give_birth all human to free and equal in dignity and rights.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.