Jalpi

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Jalpi
Jalpi Türk Tili
Universal Language Map
Writing w:Old Turkic
Region: w:Pan-Turkism
Genders: 2
Cases: 7
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Proto-language: w:Proto-Turkic language
Typology: Agglutinative
Word-Order SOV
Languages:

w:Turkish language, w:Azerbaijani language, w:Turkmen language w:Tatar language w:Kazakh language w:Kyrgyz language w:Uzbek language w:Uyghur language

Population: 170 million
Flag of Jalpi

Africa: SEDESMiddle SemiticKintuGuosa Central Asia: JalpiCaucasZensDravindianNeo-Sanskrit Europe: IntralinguaFolksprakInterslavicBalkanSamboka Far East: Dan'a'yoIMMSEAL

Jalpi Türk Tili is a Universal Language created by Ismail Gaspirali in 1839, to unify the Turkish, part of a movement that is over 200 years old

Lenguas túrquicas.png

Phonology

Labial Alveolar Post. Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal /m/ 𐰢 vs 𐰡 /n/ 𐰤 vs 𐰣
Stop p 𐰯 vs 𐰰 t 𐱃 vs 𐱅 k 𐰴 vs 𐰚
b 𐰉 vs 𐰋 d 𐰑 vs 𐰓 g 𐰍 vs 𐰏
Affricate c 𐰲 vs 𐰱
j 𐰪 vs 𐰫
Fricative f 𐰦 vs 𐰧 s 𐰽 vs 𐰾 š 𐰿 vs 𐱁 h 𐰜 vs 𐱈
v 𐰨 vs 𐰩 z 𐰔 vs 𐰕 ž 𐰶 vs 𐰸
Approximant r 𐰺 vs 𐰼 l 𐰞 vs 𐰠 j 𐰖 vs 𐰘

Vowels

  • a 𐰀 vs 𐰂
  • i 𐰃 vs 𐰄
  • e 𐰅 vs 𐱇
  • o 𐰆 vs 𐰇

Orthography

Letter Pronunciation Letter Pronunciation
A a /a/ M m /m/
B b /b/ N n /n/
C c /c/ NG ng /ñ/
CH ch /ç/ O o /o/
D d /d/ Ö ö /ö/
E e /e/ P p /p/
F f /f/ PH ph /f/, /p/
G g /g/ R r /r/
GH gh /ğ/ S s /s/
H h /h/ SH sh /ş/
X x /x/ T t /t/
I i /ı/, /i/ U u /u/
J j /y/, /j/, /c/ Ü ü /ü/
K k /k/ W w /v/
KH kh /x/, /q/ Y y /y/
Q q /q/ Z z /z/
L l /l/ ZH zh /j/

Morphophonology

Possession

Possession
Person Possible forms ana "mother" üy "house"
1. sg —m, -im anam üyim
2. sg —ng, -ing anang üying
3. sg —si, -i anasi üyi
1. pl —miz, -imiz anamiz üyimiz
2. pl —ngiz, -ingiz anangiz üyingiz
3. pl —lari, -leri analari üyleri

Case

Declension of nouns
Case Possible forms qum "sand" jer "place"
Nom qum jer
Acc —ni qumni jerni
Gen —ning qumning jerning
Dat —gha, -ge qumgha jerge
Loc —da, -de qumda jerde
Abl —dan, -den qumdan jerden

Morphosyntax

emek

emek "to be"
Person Possible forms jash "young" Türk "Turk"
1. sg —min jashmin Türkmin
2. sg —sing jashsing Türksing
3. sg —dir jashdir Türkdir
1. pl —miz jashmiz Türkmiz
2. pl —singiz jashsingiz Türksingiz
3. pl —dir(lAr) jashdir(lar) Türkdir(ler)

Present & Future Tense

Present & Future Tense
Person Possible forms jasha- "to live" Negative bil- "to know" Negative
1. sg —A/-y-min jashaymin jashamaymin bilemin bilmeymin
2. sg —A/-y-sing jashaysing jashamaysing bilesing bilmeysing
3. sg —A/-y-di jashaydi jashamaydi biledi bilmeydi
1. pl —A/y-miz jashaymiz jashamaymiz bilemiz bilmeymiz
2. pl —A/y-singiz jashaysingiz jashamaysingiz bilesingiz bilmeysingiz
3. pl —A/y-di(lAr) jashaydi(lar) jashamaydi(lar) biledi(ler) bilmeydi(ler)

Past Tense

Past Tense
Person Possible forms jasha- "to live" Negative bil- "to know" Negative
1. sg —di-m jashadim jashamadim bildim bilmedim
2. sg —di-ng jashading jashamading bilding bilmeding
3. sg —di jashadi jashamadi bildi bilmedi
1. pl —diq, -dik jashadiq jashamadiq bildik bilmedik
2. pl —dingiz jashadingiz jashamadingiz bildingiz bilmedingiz
3. pl —di(lAr) jashadi(lar) jashamadi(lar) bildi(ler) bilmedi(ler)

(Literal) Present Continuous

(Literal) Present Continuous
Person Possible forms jasha- "to live" Negative bil- "to know" Negative
1. sg —maqda/mekde-min jashamaqdamin jashamaqda emesmin bilmekdemin bilmekde emesmin
2. sg —maqda/mekde-sing jashamaqdasing jashamaqda emessing bilmekdesing bilmekde emessing
3. sg —maqda/mekde jashamaqda jashamaqda emes bilmekde bilmekde emes
1. pl —maqda/mekde-miz jashamaqdamiz jashamaqda emesmiz bilmekdemiz bilmekde emesmiz
2. pl —maqda/mekde-singiz jashamaqdasingiz jashamaqda emessingiz bilmekdesingiz bilmekde emessingiz
3. pl —maqda/mekde(lAr) jashamaqda(lar) jashamaqda emes(ler) bilmekde(ler) bilmekde emes(ler)

Intentional Future

Intentional Future
Person Possible forms jasha- "to live" Negative bil- "to know" Negative
1. tk —maqchi/mekchi-min jashamaqchimin jashamaqchi emesmin bilmekchimin bilmekchi emesmin
2. tk —maqchi/mekchi-sing jashamaqchising jashamaqchi emessing bilmekchising bilmekchi emessing
3. tk —maqchi/mekchi jashamaqchi jashamaqchi emes bilmekchi bilmekchi emes
1. çk —maqchi/mekchi-miz jashamaqchimiz jashamaqchi emesmiz bilmekchimiz bilmekchi emesmiz
2. çk —maqchi/mekchi-singiz jashamaqdchisingiz jashamaqchi emessingiz bilmekchisingiz bilmekchi emessingiz
3. çk —maqchi/mekchi(lAr) jashamaqchi(lar) jashamaqchi emes(ler) bilmekchi(ler) bilmekchi emes(ler)

Lexicography

Ating nedir?
/Atıñ nedir/
What is your name?

Atim Ismail.
/Atım İsmail/
My name is Ismail.

Qay jerde jashaysing?
/Qay yerde yaşaysıñ/ or /Qay jerde jaşaysıñ/
Where do you live in?

Istanbulda jashaymin.
/İstanbulda yaşaymın/ or /İstanbulda jaşaymın/
I live in Istanbul.

Qay jerden kelesing?
/Qay yerden kelesiñ/ or /Qay jerden kelesiñ/
Where do you come from?

Qay jerge ketesing?
/Qay yerge ketesiñ/ or /Qay jerge ketesiñ/
Where are you going?

Khosh kelding.
/Xoş keldiñ/ or /Qoş keldiñ/
Welcome.

Seni süyemin.
/Seni süyemin/
I love you.


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